World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

22nd United States Congress

 

22nd United States Congress

22nd Congress redirects here, for the Soviet congress, see 22nd Congress of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union
22nd United States Congress
21st ← → 23rd

United States Capitol (1827)

Duration: March 4, 1831 – March 4, 1833

Senate President: John C. Calhoun (until December 28, 1832)
Vacant (from December 28, 1832)
Senate Pres. pro tem: Samuel Smith
Littleton Tazewell
Hugh L. White
House Speaker: Andrew Stevenson
Members: 48 Senators
213 Representatives
3 Non-voting members
Senate Majority: Jacksonian
House Majority: Jacksonian

Sessions
1st: December 5, 1831 – July 16, 1832
2nd: December 3, 1832 – March 2, 1833

The Twenty-second United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, consisting of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D.C. from March 4, 1831 to March 4, 1833, during the third and fourth years of Andrew Jackson's presidency. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the Fourth Census of the United States in 1820. Both chambers had a Jacksonian majority.

Major events

Major legislation

Party summary

The count below identifies party affiliations at the beginning of the first session of this congress. Changes resulting from subsequent replacements are shown below in the "Changes in membership" section.

Senate

House of Representatives

Leadership

President of the Senate
John C. Calhoun

Senate

House of Representatives

Members

This list is arranged by chamber, then by state. Senators are listed in order of seniority, and Representatives are listed by district.

Senate

Senators were elected by the state legislatures every two years, with one-third beginning new six-year terms with each Congress. Preceding the names in the list below are Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election. In this Congress, Class 1 meant their term ended with this Congress, requiring reelection in 1832; Class 2 meant their term began in the last Congress, requiring reelection in 1834; and Class 3 meant their term began in this Congress, requiring reelection in 1836.

House of Representatives

The names of members of the House of Representatives are preceded by their district numbers.

Changes in membership

The count below reflects changes from the beginning of the first session of this Congress.

Senate

  • Replacements: 7
    • Jacksonians: no net change
    • Anti-Jacksonians: no net change
    • Nullifiers: no net change
  • Deaths: 0
  • Resignations: 7
  • Interim appointments: 1
  • Total seats with changes: 9
State
(class)
Vacator Reason for change Successor Date of successor's
formal installation
Indiana
(1)
Vacant James Noble had died February 26, 1831, in the previous Congress.
Successor appointed August 19, 1831.
Robert Hanna (AJ) Installed August 19, 1831
Kentucky
(3)
Vacant Legislature elected late November 10, 1831. Henry Clay (AJ) Installed November 10, 1831
Louisiana
(2)
Edward Livingston (J) Resigned May 24, 1831 after being appointed U.S. Secretary of State.
Successor elected November 15, 1831.
George A. Waggaman (AJ) Installed November 15, 1831
Pennsylvania
(1)
Resigned December 6, 1831 due to ill health.
Successor elected December 13, 1831.
Installed December 13, 1831
Indiana
(1)
Robert Hanna (AJ) Appointee retired when elected successor qualified.
Successor elected January 3, 1832.
Installed January 3, 1832
Mississippi
(1)
Resigned July 16, 1832 after being appointed U.S. District Judge Installed November 12, 1832
Virginia
(2)
Resigned July 16, 1832 Installed December 10, 1832
South Carolina
(2)
Robert Y. Hayne (N) Resigned December 13, 1832 to become Governor of South Carolina John C. Calhoun (N) Installed December 29, 1832
New York
(3)
Resigned January 1, 1833 after becoming Governor of New York Installed January 4, 1833
South Carolina
(3)
Stephen D. Miller (N) Resigned March 2, 1833 due to ill health Vacant Not filled this term

House of Representatives

  • replacements: 9
    • Jacksonians: 1-seat net gain
    • Anti-Jacksonians: 2-seat net loss
    • Anti-Masonics: 1-seat net gain
  • deaths: 8
  • resignations: 2
  • contested election: 0
  • Total seats with changes: 11
District Vacator Reason for change Successor Date successor
seated
North Carolina
2nd
Vacant Vacancy in term Seated May 12, 1831
Georgia
At-large
Resigned some time in 1831 before the convening of Congress Seated January 21, 1832
Vermont
2nd
Rollin C. Mallary (AJ) Died April 15, 1831 William Slade (AM) Seated November 1, 1831
Missouri
AL
Spencer D. Pettis (AJ) Died August 28, 1831 William H. Ashley (AJ) Seated October 31, 1831
Pennsylvania
11th
Died September 29, 1831 Seated November 22, 1831
North Carolina
6th
Resigned November ????, 1831 Seated December 15, 1831
Vermont
1st
Jonathan Hunt (AJ) Died May 15, 1832 Hiland Hall (AJ) Seated January 1, 1833
Virginia
22nd
Died June 17, 1832 Seated December 6, 1832
Maryland
6th
Died June 28, 1832 Seated October 1, 1832
Virginia
18th
Philip Doddridge (AJ) Died November 19, 1832 Seated January 21, 1833
New York
1st
Died February 22, 1833 Vacant Not filled this Congress

Employees

Senate

House of Representatives

See also

References

External links

  • Statutes at Large, 1789-1875
  • Senate Journal, First Forty-three Sessions of Congress
  • House Journal, First Forty-three Sessions of Congress
  • Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress
  • U.S. House of Representatives: House History
  • U.S. Senate: Statistics and Lists
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.