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31st Canadian Parliament

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Title: 31st Canadian Parliament  
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31st Canadian Parliament

31st Parliament of Canada
Minority parliament
October 9, 1979 (1979-10-09) – December 14, 1979 (1979-12-14)
Parliament leaders
Rt. Hon. Joe Clark
(21st Canadian Ministry)
June 4, 1979 (1979-06-04) – March 3, 1980 (1980-03-03)
Leader of the
Rt. Hon. Pierre Trudeau
June 4, 1979 (1979-06-04) – March 2, 1980 (1980-03-02)
Party caucuses
Government Progressive Conservative Party
Opposition Liberal Party
Third parties New Democratic Party
Social Credit Party
House of Commons

Seating arrangements of the House of Commons
Speaker of the
Hon. James Jerome
September 30, 1974 (1974-09-30) – February 17, 1980 (1980-02-17)
House Leader
Hon. Walter Baker
October 9, 1979 (1979-10-09) – December 14, 1979 (1979-12-14)
House Leader
Hon. Allan MacEachen
October 9, 1979 (1979-10-09) – December 14, 1979 (1979-12-14)
Members 282 MP seats
List of members
Speaker of the
Hon. Allister Grosart
October 5, 1979 (1979-10-05) – March 3, 1980 (1980-03-03)
Senate Leader
Hon. Jacques Flynn
June 4, 1979 (1979-06-04) – March 2, 1980 (1980-03-02)
Senate Leader
Hon. Ray Perrault
May 22, 1979 (1979-05-22)–December 31, 1979 (1979-12-31)
Senators 104 senator seats
List of senators
1st Session
October 9, 1979 (1979-10-09) – December 14, 1979 (1979-12-14)
<30th 32nd>

The 31st Canadian Parliament was a briefly lived parliament in session from October 9 until December 14, 1979. The membership was set by the 1979 federal election on May 22, 1979, and it was dissolved after the minority government of Joe Clark failed to pass a Motion of Confidence on December 13, 1979. The dissolution of parliament led to the 1980 federal election. Lasting only 66 days from first sitting to dissolution, and only nine months from election to election, the 31st was the shortest parliament in Canadian history.

The 31st Parliament was controlled by a Progressive Conservative Party minority led by Prime Minister Joe Clark and the 21st Canadian Ministry. The Official Opposition was the Liberal Party, led by former prime minister Pierre Trudeau.

The Speaker was James Alexander Jerome. See also List of Canadian electoral districts 1976-1987 for a list of the ridings in this parliament.

There was only one session of the 31st Parliament:

Session Start End
1st October 9, 1979 December 14, 1979


  • Party standings 1
  • Members of the House of Commons 2
    • Newfoundland 2.1
    • Prince Edward Island 2.2
    • Nova Scotia 2.3
    • New Brunswick 2.4
    • Quebec 2.5
    • Ontario 2.6
    • Manitoba 2.7
    • Saskatchewan 2.8
    • Alberta 2.9
    • British Columbia 2.10
    • Northern Territories 2.11
  • By-elections 3
  • References 4
  • Succession 5

Party standings

This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of

The party standings as of the election and as of dissolution were as follows:

Affiliation House Members Senate Members[1]
1979 Election
At Dissolution On Election
Day 1979[2]
At Dissolution
Progressive Conservative 136 136 18 28
Liberal 114 114 73 71
New Democratic 26 27 0 0
Social Credit 6 5 1 1
Independent 0 0 2 2
Independent Liberal 0 0 1 1
Total members 282 282 92 103
Vacant 0 0 9 1
Total seats 282 104

Members of the House of Commons

Members of the House of Commons in the 31st parliament arranged by province.


Riding Member Political Party
     Bonavista—Trinity—Conception Dave Rooney Liberal
     Donald Jamieson Liberal
     Roger Simmons* Liberal
     Gander—Twillingate George Baker Liberal
     Grand Falls—White Bay—Labrador Bill Rompkey Liberal
     Humber—Port au Port—St. Barbe Fonse Faour New Democrat
     St. John's East James McGrath Progressive Conservative
     St. John's West John Crosbie Progressive Conservative
* Donald Jamieson resigned from parliament and was replaced by Roger Simmons in a September 19, 1979 by-election

Prince Edward Island

Riding Member Political Party
     Cardigan Wilbur MacDonald Progressive Conservative
     Egmont David MacDonald Progressive Conservative
     Hillsborough Thomas McMillan Progressive Conservative
     Malpeque Melbourne Gass Progressive Conservative

Nova Scotia

Riding Member Political Party
     Annapolis Valley—Hants Pat Nowlan Progressive Conservative
     Cape Breton Highlands—Canso Allan MacEachen Liberal
     Cape Breton—East Richmond Andrew Hogan New Democrat
     Cape Breton—The Sydneys Russell MacLellan Liberal
     Central Nova Elmer MacKay Progressive Conservative
     Cumberland—Colchester Robert Coates Progressive Conservative
     Dartmouth—Halifax East Michael Forrestall Progressive Conservative
     Halifax George Cooper Progressive Conservative
     Halifax West Howard Crosby Progressive Conservative
     South Shore Lloyd Crouse Progressive Conservative
     South Western Nova Charles Haliburton Progressive Conservative

New Brunswick

Riding Member Political Party
     Carleton—Charlotte Fred McCain Progressive Conservative
     Fundy—Royal Robert Corbett Progressive Conservative
     Gloucester Herb Breau Liberal
     Madawaska—Victoria Eymard Corbin Liberal
     Moncton Gary McCauley Liberal
     Northumberland—Miramichi Maurice Dionne Liberal
     Restigouche Maurice Harquail Liberal
     Saint John Eric Ferguson Progressive Conservative
     Westmorland—Kent Roméo LeBlanc Liberal
     York—Sunbury J. Robert Howie Progressive Conservative


Riding Member Political Party
  Abitibi Armand Caouette Social Credit
     Argenteuil Robert Gourd Liberal
  Beauce Fabien Roy Social Credit
     Beauharnois—Salaberry Gérald Laniel Liberal
  Bellechasse Joseph Lambert Social Credit
     Berthier—Maskinongé Antonio Yanakis Liberal
     Blainville—Deux-Montagnes Francis Fox Liberal
     Bonaventure—Îles-de-la-Madeleine Joseph Bujold Liberal
     Bourassa Carlo Rossi Liberal
     Chambly Raymond Dupont Liberal
     Champlain Michel Veillette Liberal
     Charlesbourg Pierre Bussières Liberal
     Charlevoix Charles Lapointe Liberal
     Châteauguay Ian Watson Liberal
     Chicoutimi Marcel Dionne Liberal
     Dollard Louis Desmarais Liberal
     Drummond Yvon Pinard Liberal
     Duvernay Yves Demers Liberal
     Frontenac Léopold Corriveau Liberal
     Gamelin Arthur Portelance Liberal
     Gaspé Alexander Cyr Liberal
     Gatineau René Cousineau Liberal
     Hochelaga—Maisonneuve Serge Joyal Liberal
     Hull Joseph Isabelle Liberal
     Joliette Roch La Salle Progressive Conservative
     Jonquière Gilles Marceau Liberal
     Kamouraska—Rivière-du-Loup Rosaire Gendron Liberal
     Labelle Maurice Dupras Liberal
     Lac-Saint-Jean Marcel Lessard Liberal
     Lachine Roderick Blaker Liberal
     Langelier J. Gilles Lamontagne Liberal
     La Prairie Pierre Deniger Liberal
     Lasalle John Campbell Liberal
     Laurier David Berger Liberal
     Laval Marcel-Claude Roy Liberal
     Laval-des-Rapides Jeanne Sauvé Liberal
     Lévis Raynald Guay Liberal
     Longueuil Joseph Mario Jacques Olivier Liberal
  Lotbiniere Richard Janelle Social Credit
     Progressive Conservative
     Louis-Hébert Dennis Dawson Liberal
     Manicouagan André Maltais Liberal
     Matapédia—Matane Pierre de Bané Liberal
     Mégantic—Compton—Stanstead Claude Tessier Liberal
     Mercier Céline Hervieux-Payette Liberal
     Missisquoi Heward Grafftey Progressive Conservative
     Montmorency Louis Duclos Liberal
     Mount Royal Pierre Trudeau Liberal
     Notre-Dame-de-Grâce Warren Allmand Liberal
     Outremont Marc Lalonde Liberal
     Papineau André Ouellet Liberal
     Pontiac—Gatineau—Labelle Thomas Lefebvre Liberal
     Portneuf Rolland Dion Liberal
     Québec-Est Gérard Duquet Liberal
     Richelieu Jean-Louis Leduc Liberal
     Richmond Alain Tardif Liberal
  Rimouski Eudore Allard Social Credit
  Roberval Charles-Arthur Gauthier Social Credit
     Rosemont Claude-André Lachance Liberal
     Saint-Denis Marcel Prud'homme Liberal
     Saint-Henri—Westmount Donald Johnston Liberal
     Saint-Hyacinthe Marcel Ostiguy Liberal
     Saint-Jacques Jacques Guilbault Liberal
     Saint-Jean Paul-André Massé Liberal
     Saint-Léonard—Anjou Monique Bégin Liberal
     Saint-Maurice Jean Chrétien Liberal
     Saint-Michel Marie Thérèse Killens Liberal
     Sainte-Marie Jean-Claude Malépart Liberal
     Shefford Jean Lapierre Liberal
     Sherbrooke Irénée Pelletier Liberal
     Témiscamingue Henri Tousignant Liberal
     Terrebonne Joseph-Roland Comtois Liberal
     Trois-Rivières Claude G. Lajoie Liberal
     Vaudreuil Harold Herbert Liberal
     Verchères Bernard Pierre Loiselle Liberal
     Verdun Pierre Savard Liberal


Riding Member Political Party
     Algoma Maurice Foster Liberal
     Beaches Robin Richardson Progressive Conservative
     Brampton—Georgetown John McDermid Progressive Conservative
     Brant Derek Blackburn New Democrat
     Broadview—Greenwood Bob Rae New Democrat
     Bruce—Grey Gary Gurbin Progressive Conservative
     Burlington Bill Kempling Progressive Conservative
     Cambridge Chris Speyer Progressive Conservative
     Cochrane Keith Penner Liberal
     Davenport Charles Caccia Liberal
     Don Valley East Sam Wakim Progressive Conservative
     Don Valley West John Bosley Progressive Conservative
     Durham—Northumberland Allan Lawrence Progressive Conservative
     Eglinton—Lawrence Roland de Corneille Liberal
     Elgin John Wise Progressive Conservative
     Erie Girve Fretz Progressive Conservative
     Essex—Kent Robert Daudlin Liberal
     Essex—Windsor Eugene Whelan Liberal
     Etobicoke Centre Michael Wilson Progressive Conservative
     Etobicoke North Roy MacLaren Liberal
     Etobicoke—Lakeshore Ken Robinson Liberal
     Glengarry—Prescott—Russell Denis Éthier Liberal
     Grey—Simcoe Gus Mitges Progressive Conservative
     Guelph Albert Fish Progressive Conservative
     Haldimand—Norfolk Bud Bradley Progressive Conservative
     Halton Otto Jelinek Progressive Conservative
     Hamilton East John Carr Munro Liberal
     Hamilton Mountain Duncan Beattie Progressive Conservative
     Hamilton—Wentworth Geoffrey Scott Progressive Conservative
     Hamilton West Lincoln Alexander Progressive Conservative
     Hastings—Frontenac William Vankoughnet Progressive Conservative
     Huron—Bruce Robert McKinley Progressive Conservative
     Kenora—Rainy River John Mercer Reid Liberal
     Kent John Holmes Progressive Conservative
     Kingston and the Islands Flora MacDonald Progressive Conservative
     Kitchener John Reimer Progressive Conservative
     Lambton—Middlesex Sidney Fraleigh Progressive Conservative
     Lanark—Renfrew—Carleton Paul Dick Progressive Conservative
     Leeds—Grenville Thomas Cossitt Progressive Conservative
     Lincoln Kenneth Higson Progressive Conservative
     London East Charles Turner Liberal
     London West Judd Buchanan Liberal
     London—Middlesex Nelson Elliott Progressive Conservative
     Mississauga North Alex Jupp Progressive Conservative
     Mississauga South Donald Blenkarn Progressive Conservative
     Nepean—Carleton Walter Baker Progressive Conservative
     Niagara Falls Jake Froese Progressive Conservative
     Nickel Belt John Rodriguez New Democrat
     Nipissing Jean-Jacques Blais Liberal
     Northumberland George Hees Progressive Conservative
     Ontario Thomas Fennell Progressive Conservative
     Oshawa Ed Broadbent New Democrat
     Ottawa—Carleton Jean-Luc Pépin Liberal
     Ottawa Centre John Evans Liberal
     Ottawa West Kenneth Binks Progressive Conservative
     Ottawa—Vanier Jean-Robert Gauthier Liberal
     Oxford Bruce Halliday Progressive Conservative
     Parkdale—High Park Jesse Flis Liberal
     Parry Sound—Muskoka Stan Darling Progressive Conservative
     Perth William Jarvis Progressive Conservative
     Peterborough Bill Domm Progressive Conservative
     Prince Edward—Hastings Jack Ellis Progressive Conservative
     Renfrew—Nipissing—Pembroke Len Hopkins Liberal
     Rosedale David Crombie Progressive Conservative
     Sarnia Bill Campbell Progressive Conservative
     Sault Ste. Marie Cyril Symes New Democrat
     Scarborough Centre Diane Stratas Progressive Conservative
     Scarborough East Gordon Gilchrist Progressive Conservative
     Scarborough West William Wightman Progressive Conservative
     Simcoe North Doug Lewis Progressive Conservative
     Simcoe South Ronald Stewart Progressive Conservative
     Spadina Peter Stollery Liberal
     St. Catharines Joseph Reid Progressive Conservative
     St. Paul's Ron Atkey Progressive Conservative
     Stormont—Dundas Ed Lumley Liberal
     Sudbury James Jerome Liberal
     Thunder Bay—Atikokan Paul McRae Liberal
     Thunder Bay—Nipigon Robert Andras Liberal
     Timiskaming Arnold Peters New Democrat
     Timmins—Chapleau Ray Chénier Liberal
     Trinity Aideen Nicholson Liberal
     Victoria—Haliburton William Scott Progressive Conservative
     Waterloo Walter Maclean Progressive Conservative
     Welland Gilbert Parent Liberal
     Wellington—Dufferin—Simcoe Perrin Beatty Progressive Conservative
     Willowdale Bob Jarvis Progressive Conservative
     Windsor West Herb Gray Liberal
     Windsor—Walkerville Mark MacGuigan Liberal
     York Centre Bob Kaplan Liberal
     York East Ron Ritchie Progressive Conservative
     York North John Gamble Progressive Conservative
     York—Scarborough Paul McCrossan Progressive Conservative
     York South—Weston Ursula Appolloni Liberal
     York—Peel Sinclair Stevens Progressive Conservative
     York West James Fleming Liberal


Riding Member Political Party
     Brandon—Souris Walter Dinsdale Progressive Conservative
     Churchill Rodney Murphy New Democrat
     Dauphin William Gordon Ritchie Progressive Conservative
     Lisgar Jack Murta Progressive Conservative
     Portage—Marquette Charles Mayer Progressive Conservative
     Provencher Jake Epp Progressive Conservative
     Selkirk—Interlake Terry Sargeant New Democrat
     St. Boniface Robert Bockstael Liberal
     Winnipeg North David Orlikow New Democrat
     Winnipeg North Centre Stanley Knowles New Democrat
     Winnipeg—Assiniboine Dan McKenzie Progressive Conservative
     Winnipeg—Birds Hill Bill Blaikie New Democrat
     Winnipeg—Fort Garry Lloyd Axworthy Liberal
     Winnipeg—St. James Bob Lane Progressive Conservative


Riding Member Political Party
     Assiniboia Leonard Gustafson Progressive Conservative
     Humboldt—Lake Centre George Richardson Progressive Conservative
     Kindersley—Lloydminster Bill McKnight Progressive Conservative
     Mackenzie Stanley Korchinski Progressive Conservative
     Moose Jaw Douglas Neil Progressive Conservative
     Prince Albert John Diefenbaker* Progressive Conservative
     Stanley Hovdebo New Democrat
     Qu'Appelle—Moose Mountain Alvin Hamilton Progressive Conservative
     Regina East Simon De Jong New Democrat
     Regina West Leslie Benjamin New Democrat
     Saskatoon East Robert Ogle New Democrat
     Saskatoon West Ray Hnatyshyn Progressive Conservative
     Swift Current—Maple Creek Frank Hamilton Progressive Conservative
     The Battlefords—Meadow Lake Terry Nylander Progressive Conservative
     Yorkton—Melville Lorne Nystrom New Democrat
*John Diefenbaker died on August 16, 1979; Stanley Hovdebo won the following November 19th by-election to fill his seat


Riding Member Political Party
     Athabasca Paul Yewchuk Progressive Conservative
     Bow River Gordon Taylor Progressive Conservative
     Calgary Centre Harvie Andre Progressive Conservative
     Calgary East John Kushner Progressive Conservative
     Calgary North Eldon Woolliams Progressive Conservative
     Calgary South John Thomson Progressive Conservative
     Calgary West Jim Hawkes Progressive Conservative
     Crowfoot Arnold Malone Progressive Conservative
     Edmonton East William Yurko Progressive Conservative
     Edmonton North Steve Paproski Progressive Conservative
     Edmonton South Douglas Roche Progressive Conservative
     Edmonton West Marcel Lambert Progressive Conservative
     Edmonton—Strathcona David Kilgour Progressive Conservative
     Lethbridge—Foothills Blaine Thacker Progressive Conservative
     Medicine Hat Bert Hargrave Progressive Conservative
     Peace River Ged Baldwin Progressive Conservative
     Pembina Peter Elzinga Progressive Conservative
     Red Deer Gordon Towers Progressive Conservative
     Vegreville Don Mazankowski Progressive Conservative
     Wetaskiwin Kenneth Schellenberger Progressive Conservative
     Yellowhead Joe Clark Progressive Conservative

British Columbia

Riding Member Political Party
     Burnaby Svend Robinson New Democrat
     Capilano Ron Huntington Progressive Conservative
     Cariboo—Chilcotin Lorne Greenaway Progressive Conservative
     Comox—Powell River Raymond Skelly New Democrat
     Cowichan—Malahat—The Islands Don L. Taylor Progressive Conservative
     Esquimalt—Saanich Donald Munro Progressive Conservative
     Fraser Valley East Alexander Patterson Progressive Conservative
     Fraser Valley West Robert Wenman Progressive Conservative
     Kamloops—Shuswap Don Cameron Progressive Conservative
     Kootenay East—Revelstoke Stan Graham Progressive Conservative
     Kootenay West Robert Brisco Progressive Conservative
     Mission—Port Moody Mark Rose New Democrat
     Nanaimo—Alberni Edward Miller New Democrat
     New Westminster—Coquitlam Pauline Jewett New Democrat
     North Vancouver—Burnaby Chuck Cook Progressive Conservative
     Okanagan North George Whittaker Progressive Conservative
     Okanagan—Similkameen Frederick King Progressive Conservative
     Prince George—Bulkley Valley Robert McCuish Progressive Conservative
     Prince George—Peace River Frank Oberle Progressive Conservative
     Richmond—South Delta Tom Siddon Progressive Conservative
     Skeena James Fulton New Democrat
     Surrey—White Rock—North Delta Benno Friesen Progressive Conservative
     Vancouver Centre Arthur Phillips Liberal
     Vancouver East Margaret Ann Mitchell New Democrat
     Vancouver Kingsway Ian Waddell New Democrat
     Vancouver Quadra Bill Clarke Progressive Conservative
     Vancouver South John Fraser Progressive Conservative
     Victoria Allan McKinnon Progressive Conservative

Northern Territories

Riding Member Political Party
     Nunatsiaq Peter Ittinuar New Democrat
     Western Arctic Dave Nickerson Progressive Conservative
     Yukon Erik Nielsen Progressive Conservative


By-election Date Incumbent Party Winner Party Cause Retained
Prince Albert November 19, 1979 John Diefenbaker      Progressive Conservative Stan Hovdebo      New Democratic Party Death No
Don Jamieson      Liberal Roger Simmons      Liberal Resignation Yes


  1. ^
  2. ^ Members of the Canadian Senate are appointed by the Governor General on the advice of the Prime Minister and remain as Senators until the age of 75, even if the House of Commons has been dissolved or an election has been called.
  • Government of Canada. "21st Ministry". Guide to Canadian Ministries since Confederation. Privy Council Office. Retrieved 2006-11-09. 
  • Government of Canada. "31st Parliament". Members of the House of Commons: 1867 to Date: By Parliament. Library of Parliament. Retrieved 2006-11-30. 
  • Government of Canada. "Duration of Sessions". Library of Parliament. Retrieved 2006-05-12. 
  • Government of Canada. "General Elections". Library of Parliament. Retrieved 2006-05-12. 
  • Government of Canada. "Key Dates for each Parliament". Library of Parliament. Retrieved 2006-05-12. 
  • Government of Canada. "Leaders of the Opposition in the House of Commons". Library of Parliament. Retrieved 2006-05-12. 
  • Government of Canada. "Party Standings (1974 to date): At the Senate". Library of Parliament. Retrieved 2007-04-24. 
  • Government of Canada. "Prime Ministers of Canada". Library of Parliament. Archived from the original on 27 April 2006. Retrieved 2006-05-12. 
  • Government of Canada. "Speakers". Library of Parliament. Retrieved 2006-05-12. 


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