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36th Troop Carrier Squadron

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36th Troop Carrier Squadron

36th Airlift Squadron

36th Airlift Squadron Patch
Active 2 February 1942 – present
Country United States
Branch United States Air Force
Type Airlift
Part of Pacific Air Forces
5th Air Force
374th Airlift Wing
374th Operations Group
Garrison/HQ Yokota Air Base
Nickname Eagle Airlifters
Decorations Distinguished Unit Citation
Air Force Outstanding Unit Award
Philippine Presidential Unit Citation
Republic of Vietnam Gallantry Cross with Palm
Commanders
Notable
commanders
Norton A. Schwartz

The 36th Airlift Squadron (36 AS) is the only forward-based tactical airlift squadron in the Pacific Area of Responsibility. Formerly an Air Mobility Command (AMC) unit, and a Military Airlift Command (MAC) and a Tactical Air Command (TAC) unit before that, the squadron is now part of Pacific Air Forces (PACAF). It maintains a forward presence and supports combat operations by providing responsive movement of personnel and equipment through aerial delivery and assault airland operations. It maintains C-130 Hercules mission-ready aircrews to conduct theater airlift, special operations, aeromedical evacuation, search and rescue, repatriation and humanitarian relief missions.

Mission

Provide services and support, which promote quality of life and project global power through combat-proven airlift and airdrop.

History

Activated in June 1942 under First Air Force, being formed at Patterson Field, Ohio. Trained at various stationd in the southeast and Texas with C-47 Skytrain transports. Deployed to Egypt in November 1942 as part of President Roosevelt's decision to aid the Royal Air Force Western Desert Air Force, assigned to the newly established Ninth Air Force, headquartered in Cairo.

Transported supplies and evacuated casualties in support of the British Eighth Army, operating from desert airfields in Egypt and Libya. Reassigned in May 1943 to the USAAF Twelfth Air Force in Algeria, supporting Fifth Army forces in the Tunisian Campaign. Began training for the invasion of Sicily; dropped paratroops over the assault area on the night of 9 July. Carried reinforcements to Sicily on 11 July and received a DUC for carrying out that mission although severely attacked by ground and naval forces; dropped paratroops over the beachhead south of the Sele River on the night of 14 September 1943. Remained in the MTO until February 1944 until being reassigned back to Ninth Air Force in England, IX Troop Carrier Command to participate in the buildup of forces prior to the Allied landings in France during D-Day in June 1944.

Engaged in combat operations by dropping paratroops into Normandy near Ste-Mere-Eglise on D-Day (6 June 1944) and releasing gliders with reinforcements on the following day. The unit received a third Distinguished Unit Citation and a French citation for these missions.

After the Normandy invasion the squadron ferried supplies in the United Kingdom. The squadron also hauled food, clothing, medicine, gasoline, ordnance equipment, and other supplies to the front lines and evacuated patients to rear zone hospitals. It dropped paratroops near Nijmegen and towed gliders carrying reinforcements during the airborne attack on Holland. In December, it participated in the Battle of the Bulge by releasing gliders with supplies for the 101st Airborne Division near Bastogne.

Returned to the United States in May 1945, becoming a domestic troop carrier squadron for Continental Air Forces. In the Korean War the squadron flew airborne assaults at Sukchon and Munsan-ni and aerial transportation between Japan and Korea. Returned to the United States in 1952, however re-deployed back to Japan in 1954 and performed theater airlift missions. Inactivated in 1957 as part of the draw down of occupation forces in Japan.

Reactivated in 1966 at Langley AFB, Virginia as a Tactical Air Command C-130 Hercules troop carrier squadron. Deployed frequently to NATO, sending aircraft to both England and West Germany. When Langley became an F-15 base in 1975, was moved to McChord AFB, Washington where it operated C-130s under Military Airlift Command primarily within the United States. It also participated and supported the ground troops during military operations in Grenada, October–November 1983, and in Panama, December 1989–January 1990.

Reassigned back to Japan in 1993 where it performed its current theater airlift mission.

Operations and Decorations

  • Combat Operations. Included airborne assaults on Sicily, Normandy, Holland, and Germany, and aerial transportation in the Mediterranean Theater of Operations (MTO) and the European Theater of Operations (ETO) during World War II. Participated and supported the ground troops during military operations in Grenada, Oct-Nov 1983, and in Panama, Dec 1989-Jan 1990.
  • Campaigns. World War II: Egypt-Libya; Tunisia; Sicily; Naples-Foggia; Rome-Arno; Normandy; Northern France; Rhineland; Central Europe.

Lineage

  • Constituted 36th Transport Squadron on 2 February 1942
Activated on 14 February 1942
Re-designated: 36th Troop Carrier Squadron on 4 July 1942
Re-designated: 36th Troop Carrier Squadron, Medium, on 23 June 1948
Re-designated: 36th Troop Carrier Squadron, Heavy, on 8 October 1949
Re-designated: 36th Troop Carrier Squadron, Medium, on 28 January 1950
Inactivated on 18 June 1957
  • Re-designated: 36th Troop Carrier Squadron, and activated, on 15 November 1965
Organized on 1 April 1966
Re-designated: 36th Tactical Airlift Squadron on 1 May 1967
Discontinued, and inactivated, on 25 March 1968
  • Activated on 1 July 1968
Organized on 5 July 1968
Re-designated: 36th Military Airlift Squadron on 1 October 1989
Re-designated: 36th Airlift Squadron on 1 December 1991.

Assignments

Attached to: 513th Tactical Airlift Wing, 21 March-29 Jun 1967
Attached to: 439th Military Airlift Group, 17 August-17 Sep 1967
Attached to: 513th Tactical Airlift Wing, 24 February-19 Jun 1969
Attached to: 7310th Tactical Airlift Wing, 24 November-31 Dec 1969
Attached to: 322d Tactical Airlift Wing, 1 January-7 Feb 1970 and 13 August-21 Oct 1970
Attached to: 513th Tactical Airlift Wing, 2 July-16 Sep 1971
Attached to: United States Air Forces in Europe, 28 September-31 Oct 1971
Attached to: 347th Tactical Airlift Wing, 14 May-c. 7 September 1972
Attached to: 513th Tactical Airlift Wing, 5 March-18 May 1973 and 15 January-16 Mar 1974
Attached to: 322d Tactical Airlift Wing, 1 July-16 Oct 1974

Stations

Aircraft

References

  • AFHRA 36th Airlift Squadron page

External links

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