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4750th Air Defense Wing

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4750th Air Defense Wing

4750th Air Defense Wing
A B-26 Invader of the 4750th with a Ryan Firebee drone under its wing
Active 1953-1959
Country  United States
Branch  United States Air Force
Type Interceptor Weapons Training
Role Air Defense
Decorations Air Force Outstanding Unit Award
Commanders
Notable commander Colonel Robert P. Baldwin
Insignia
4750th Air Defense Wing emblem

The 4750th Air Defense Wing is a discontinued United States Air Force unit. It was last assigned to the 73d Air Division, Air Defense Command, (ADC) at MacDill Air Force Base, Florida, where it was inactivated in 1960.

The wing was first organized as the 4750th Training Wing at Yuma County Airport in 1953, when ADC's gunnery training program expanded from a squadron sized unit to a wing. The wing conducted interceptor aircraft training for ADC at Yuma (later Vincent Air Force Base) until moving to MacDill in 1959. Shortly afterward, the wing was discontinued and the ADC training program transferred to another wing.

History

The [3]

After 1953, gunnery training at Yuma ended and the base concentrated on [2] Rocketry training for Northrop F-89 Scorpions and Lockheed F-94 Starfires moved to Moody, while that for North American F-86D Sabres remained at Yuma.[6]

Winners of the 1956 ADC gunnery meet

Beginning in 1955, the wing hosted the interceptor phase of the worldwide fighter aircraft gunnery and weapons meet (later called William Tell), which was designed to provide information to evaluate combat readiness, tactical capabilities of aircraft and weapons and effectiveness of interceptor techniques.[7] The meet moved to Tyndall Air Force Base, Florida in 1958.[6]

In 1958, the wing conducted research testing for the use of special weapons by fighter aircraft.[8] The wing moved from Arizona to Florida in 1959[1] and was discontinued a year later, with most of its functions being assumed by the 4756th Air Defense Wing.

Lineage

  • Designated as the 4750th Training Wing (Air Defense) and organized on 1 September 1953
Redesignated 4750th Air Defense Wing (Weapons) on 1 September 1954
Discontinued 25 June 1960[1]

Assignments

Stations

Subordinate Units

Groups

  • 4750th Air Defense Group (Weapons)[2]
Designated as the 4750th Air Base Squadron (Gunnery Training), organized at Yuma County Airport, and assigned to the 1st Fighter-Interceptor Wing on 7 June 1951
Redesignated as the 4750th Air Base Group (Weapons Training) on 2 June 1952 and reassigned to Western Air Defense Force
Redesignated as the 4750th Training Group (Air Defense) on 16 February 1953
Redesignated as the 4750th Air Base Group and reassigned to the 4750th Training Wing on 1 September 1953
Redesignated as the 4750th Air Defense Group (Weapons) on 1 September 1954
Discontinued on 1 April 1959
  • 4756th Air Defense Group (Weapons)[2]
Organized at Moody Air Force Base, Georgia and assigned to the 4750th Air Defense Wing on 18 February 1955
Reassigned to the 4756th Air Defense Wing on 1 July 1957

Squadrons

  • 17th Tow Target Squadron
Activated 3 January 1955 with personnel and equipment from the 4750th Tow Target Squadron and assigned to the 4750th Air Defense Group
Reassigned to the 4750th Air Defense Wing on 1 October 1958
Moved to MacDill Air Force Base, Florida on 11 June 1959
Inactivated and discontinued on 15 June 1960[9]
  • 4750th Air Defense Squadron
Designated as the 4750th Training Squadron (Weapons) and assigned to the 4750th Air Base Group on 1 June 1952[10]
Redesignated as the 4750th Training Squadron (Air Defense), 1 September 1953[10]
Redesignated as the 4750th Air Defense Squadron (Weapons), 1 September 1954[11]
Reassigned to the 4750th Air Defense Wing on 1 October 1958[11]
Moved to MacDill Air Force Base, Florida on 11 June 1959[11]
Discontinued on 25 June 1960[11]
  • 4750th Drone Squadron
Designated, organized and assigned to the 4750th Air Defense Group on 1 January 1956
Reassigned to the 4750th Air Defense Wing on 1 October 1958
Moved to Tyndall Air Force Base, Florida on 25 June 1959
Discontinued on 1 October 1959[12]
  • 4750th Test Squadron
Designated as the 4750th Test Squadron (Tactical & Application Engineering), organized and assigned to the 4750th Air Defense Wing on 1 September 1956
Reassigned to the 73rd Air Division and moved to Tyndall Air Force Base, Florida on 7 July 1957[13]
  • 4750th Tow Target Squadron
Designated as the 4750th Support Squadron, organized and assigned to the 4750th Air Defense Group on 1 April 1954
Redesignated as the 4750th Tow Target Squadron on 1 September 1954
Discontinued on 8 January 1955 and personnel and equipment transferred to the 17th Tow Target Squadron[9]

In addition to these operational squadrons, the 4750th Air Defense Wing had several maintenance and supply squadrons assigned.[14]

Commanders

  • Col. Robert F. Worley, 1 September 1953 – 1956[4]
  • Col. Milton H. Ashkins, 1956-after 30 June 1956[15]
  • Col. Robert P. Baldwin, by 1 July 1958 – 27 October 1958[3]
  • Col. Benjamin H. King, 27 October 1958-after 31 December 1958[3]

Awards

See also

References

Notes

  1. ^ a b c d e Cornett & Johnson, p. 67
  2. ^ a b c d e Cornett & Johnson, p. 90
  3. ^ a b c "Abstract, History 4750 Air Defense Wing, Jul-Dec 1958". Air Force History Index. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  4. ^ a b "Abstract, History 4750 Training Wing, Jul-Dec 1953". Air Force History Index. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  5. ^ "Abstract, History 4750 Air Defense Wing, Jan-Jun 1955". Air Force History Index. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  6. ^ a b c Davis, Larry; Isham, Martin (Fall 1999). "Yuma". F-86 Sabre Pilots Association. Retrieved 2 January 2014. 
  7. ^ "Abstract, History 4750 Air Defense Wing, Jul-Dec 1955". Air Force History Index. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  8. ^ "Abstract, History 4750 Air Defense Wing, Jan-Jun 1958". Air Force History Index. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  9. ^ a b Cornett & Johnson, p. 173
  10. ^ a b Cornett & Johnson, p. 175
  11. ^ a b c d Cornett & Johnson, p. 106
  12. ^ Cornett & Johnson, p. 112
  13. ^ Cornett & Johnson, p. 174
  14. ^ Cornett & Johnson, pp. 143-144
  15. ^ "Abstract, History 4750 Air Defense Wing, Jan-Jun 1956". Air Force History Index. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 

Bibliography

 This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the Air Force Historical Research Agency.

  • Cornett, Lloyd H; Johnson, Mildred W (1980). A Handbook of Aerospace Defense Organization, 1946–1980. Peterson AFB, CO: Office of History, Aerospace Defense Center. 
  • AF Pamphlet 900-2, Unit Decorations, Awards and Campaign Participation Credits Department of the Air Force, Washington, DC, 15 Jun 1971

Further Reading

External links

  • "Marine Corps Air Station Yuma: The Corps' Premier Aviation Training Facility". United States Marine Corps. Retrieved 2 January 2014. 
  • "Information for Vincent AFB, Yuma, AZ". Radomes.org. Retrieved 2 January 2014. 
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