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48th Flying Training Squadron

48th Flying Training Squadron
48th Flying Training Squadron Beech Raytheon T-1A Jayhawk 94-0138
Active 1917-Present
Country  United States
Branch  United States Air Force
Type Squadron
Role Flying Training
Part of 14th Operations Group
Garrison/HQ Columbus Air Force Base, Mississippi
Engagements

  • World War I

  • Occupation of the Rhineland

  • EAME Theater
    World War II
Decorations

  • Distinguished Unit Citation

  • Air Force Outstanding Unit Award (12x)
Commanders
Current
commander
Lt. Col. Paul Baker
Insignia
Emblem of the 48th Flying Training Squadron

The 48th Flying Training Squadron (48 FTS) is part of the 14th Flying Training Wing based at Columbus Air Force Base, Mississippi. It operates T-1 Jayhawk aircraft conducting flight training. The squadron is one of the oldest in the Air Force, being formed during World War I as the 48th Aero Squadron on 4 August 1917.

Currently the squadron specializes in the tanker and airlift track of specialized undergraduate pilot training. Students receive at least 159 hours of flight instruction in the T-1 Jayhawk where they learn air refueling procedures, tactical navigation, airdrop, and advanced navigation. Upon completion of this phase, students earn the aeronautical rating of pilot and receive their Air Force wings.[1]

Contents

  • History 1
    • World War I 1.1
    • Inter-war period 1.2
    • World War II 1.3
    • Cold War Air Defense 1.4
  • Lineage 2
    • Assignments 2.1
    • Stations 2.2
    • Aircraft 2.3
  • See also 3
  • References 4
    • Citations 4.1
    • Bibliography 4.2
  • External links 5

History

World War I

The squadrons origins date to 4 August 1917 with the formation of the 48th Provisional Squadron at American Expeditionary Forces in France. After basic training at Kelly Field, the squadron was sent to the Aviation Concentration Center, Garden City, New York in mid-September 1917 for subsequent movement to France. It embarked on the Cunard Liner "Pannonia", suffering a stormy and unpleasant voyage across the Atlantic. It arrived at Liverpool, England on 29 October. After a few days in England, the squadron arrived at Rest Camp #2, Le Harve, France on 1 November.[2]

Formation of the 462d Aero Squadron, probably taken in Germany during the summer of 1919 just prior to its demobilization

The first meaningful work of the squadron was at the 3d Air Instructional Center, Issoudun Aerodrome in Central France. It arrived on 3 November to help construct barracks and shops from lumber. It also erected hangars and did the necessary construction work to bring the airfield into an operational school for training Pursuit (Fighter) pilots. It also began work on six airfields to support the training school, building roads, putting up hangars, and installing water and electrical systems. A detachment of the squadron was sent to the 2d Air Instructional Center, Tours Aerodrome. In doing this work, the squadron got the reputation of being one of the best, and fastest, all around construction squadrons in the AEF.[2]

In May 1918, the squadron was then reassigned to the First Army Air Service, and began constructing combat airfields to support the St. Mihiel Offensive. Throughout the year, it was moved from place to place, erecting hangars, constructing buildings and preparing airfields for use by Air Service planes. At Parois Aerodrome in the Meuse, it constructed 12 hangars and 23 barracks, the flying field being full of former trenches and shell holes that had to be filled in. During the Meuse-Argonne Offensive in early November, it moved to Buzaney to reconstruct a former German airfield that was littered with munitions and other hazardous materiel. However, the war ended on 11 November before the airfield could be put to use. [2]

After the Armistice, the squadron was re-assigned to the Third Army Air Service and moved to Trier Airdrome, Germany as part of the Army of Occupation. The former German Airfield there was prepared for seven American Aero Squadrons to use, which was done in less than a week. It then moved to Weißenthurm to construct another Aerodrome for Third Army. It remained in the Rhineland until the summer of 1919 until it was ordered, along with the Third Army Air Service to demobilized. After turning in all equipment at the 1st Air Depot at Colombey-les-Belles Aerodrome, the unit moved to a Channel Port where it boarded a troop ship, returning to the United States in August 1919. The men of the squadron were discharged and returned to civilian life.[2]

Inter-war period

The squadron was reorganized and activated in 1927 as part of the 11th School Group at Kelly Field, Texas. A part of the Air Corps Primary Flying School, it trained aviation cadets using the Consolidated PT-1, with tandem seats and a Wright E engine.[3]

By the fall of 1931, construction of Randolph Field was essentially completed, and the primary flying school at Kelly Field was moved to the new installation. With the transfer of the school, the 48th School Squadron was demobilized on 31 December 1931[3]

World War II

The squadron was equipped with P-38 Lightnings in 1941 and assigned to Hamilton Field, California. From 5 February to 3 June 1942 it flew air defense patrols along the California coast. It was deployed to the European Theater of Operations (ETO) in August 1942 to fly escort missions of B-17 and B-24 heavy bombers as part of VIII Fighter Command.

P-38 of the 48th Fighter Squadron - Taken in North Africa

The squadron was sent to North Africa in late 1942 as part of the Operation Torch invasion forces, taking up station in Algeria. It was reassigned to the Twelfth Air Force and flew fighter escort missions for the B-17 Flying Fortresses operating from Algeria as well as tactical interdiction strikes on enemy targets of opportunity in Algeria and Tunisia during the North African Campaign.

Following the German defeat and withdrawal from North Africa the squadron participated in the Allied invasions of Sicily and Italy and the subsequent drive of the United States Fifth Army up the Italian peninsula. It was engaged primarily in tactical operations after November 1943, supporting ground forces and attacking enemy targets of opportunity such as railroads, road convoys, bridges, strafing enemy airfields and other targets. The squadron was deployed to Corsica in 1944 to attack enemy targets in support of the Free French Forces in the liberation of the island and to support Allied forces in the invasion of southern France. The squadron continued offensive operations until the German capitulation in May 1945. The unit was demobilized during the summer and fall 1945 in Italy and inactivated.[4]

Cold War Air Defense

Convair F-102A-55-CO Delta Dagger 56-1017, about 1959
48th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron- F-15 - Langley AFB

It was reactivated in 1946[4] to the new Air Defense Command to perform air defense of the eastern United States. The 48th FIS was activated at Dow Field in November 1946 with P-47 Thunderbolts. In October 1947 a transition into P-84B Thunderjets was completed. These were flown until the unit was temporarily inactivated on 2 October 1949.

The squadron was redesignated as the 48th Fighter Interceptor Squadron and reactivated in November 1952 at Grenier Air Force Base in Manchester, New Hampshire,[4] with F-47 Thunderbolts, replacing the New Hampshire Air National Guard 133d Fighter-Interceptor Squadron, which was released from federal control. A relocation to Langley AFB was completed in early 1953 along with a transition into F-84Gs and then F-94C Starfires in the fall of 1953. In the summer of 1957 the squadron completed a transition into F-102A Delta Daggers followed by another in the fall of 1960 to F-106 Delta Darts. It deployed to Florida in 1962 during Cuban Missile Crisis.

The 48th FIS flew F-15A Eagles from 1982 to 1991, where many of the F-15 were transferred to the Missouri ANG, the Hawaii ANG, and 3 or 4 going to AMARC. The 48th continued training and operational exercises until inactivation in 1991.[5]

Lineage

48th FIS (Air Defense Command)
  • Organized as 48th Aero Squadron on 4 Aug 1917
Re-designated: 435th Aero Squadron on 1 Feb 1918
Re-designated: 462d Aero Squadron on 3 Mar 1918
Demobilized on 11 Aug 1919
  • Reconstituted and consolidated (1930) with 48th School Squadron, which was constituted on 6 Feb 1923
Activated on 1 Aug 1927
Inactivated on 1 Sep 1931
  • Activated on 1 Aug 1933
Re-designated 48th Pursuit Squadron on 1 Mar 1935
Inactivated on 1 Sep 1936
Disbanded on 1 Jan 1938
  • Consolidated (1956) with 48th Pursuit Squadron (Fighter) which was constituted on 20 Nov 1940
Activated on 15 Jan 1941
Re-designated 48th Fighter Squadron on 15 May 1942
Inactivated on 9 Sep 1945
  • Activated on 20 Nov 1946
Inactivated on 2 Oct 1949
  • Re-designated 48th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron on 11 Sep 1952
Activated on 1 Nov 1952
Inactivated on 31 Dec 1991
  • Re-designated 48th Flying Training Squadron on 25 Apr 1996
Activated on 1 Jul 1996[5]

Assignments

Stations

Aircraft

See also

References

 This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the Air Force Historical Research Agency.

Citations

  1. ^ 48 FTS Page
  2. ^ a b c d Series "E", Volume 23, 400th-500th Aero Squadrons. Gorrell's History of the American Expeditionary Forces Air Service, 1917–1919, National Archives, Washington, D.C.
  3. ^ a b Maurer, Maurer (1987). Aviation in the U.S. Army, 1919–1939, Office of Air Force History, Washington, D.C. ISBN 1-4102-1391-9
  4. ^ a b c Maurer, Maurer, ed. (1982) [1969]. Combat Squadrons of the Air Force, World War II (reprint ed.). Washington, DC: Office of Air Force History. pp. 209–210.  
  5. ^ a b c d e AFHRA 48th Flying Training Squadron lineage and history

Bibliography

  • Cornett, Lloyd H; Johnson, Mildred W (1980). A Handbook of Aerospace Defense Organization, 1946–1980. Peterson AFB, CO: Office of History, Aerospace Defense Center. 
  • Maurer, Maurer, ed. (1982) [1969]. Combat Squadrons of the Air Force, World War II (reprint ed.). Washington, DC: Office of Air Force History. pp. 209–210.  

External links

  • 48th Flying Training Squadron History
  • 48th Flying Training Squadron website
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