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533d Air Defense Group

533d Air Defense Group
F-94 Starfires of the group's 354 FIS
Active 1945, 1953–1955
Country  United States
Branch  United States Air Force
Type Fighter Interceptor
Part of Air Defense Command

The 533d Air Defense Group is a disbanded 27th Air Division at Oxnard Air Force Base, California. It was inactivated on 18 August 1955. The group was originally activated as a support unit for the 483d Bombardment Group at the end of World War II in Italy.

The group was activated once again in 1953, when ADC established it as the headquarters for a dispersed fighter-interceptor squadron and the medical, maintenance, and administrative squadrons supporting it. It was replaced in 1955 when ADC transferred its mission, equipment, and personnel to the 414th Fighter Group in a project that replaced air defense groups commanding fighter squadrons with fighter groups with distinguished records during World War II.

Contents

  • History 1
    • World War II 1.1
    • Cold War 1.2
  • Lineage 2
    • Assignments 2.1
    • Stations 2.2
    • Components 2.3
    • Aircraft 2.4
  • See also 3
  • References 4
    • Bibliography 4.1

History

World War II

The Army Air Forces (AAF) support groups in which the AAF replaced Service Groups that included personnel from other branches of the Army and supported two combat groups with Air Service Groups including only Air Corps units. It was designed to support a single combat group.[1] Its 959th Air Engineering Squadron provided maintenance that was beyond the capability of the combat group, its 783rd Air Materiel Squadron handled all supply matters, and its Headquarters & Base Services Squadron provided other support.[1] The 533d supported 483d Bombardment Group in Italy in 1945 until it was inactivated in the fall.[2] The group was disbanded in 1948.[3]

Cold War

F-51D as flown by the 354th FIS until July 1953

The group was reconstituted, redesignated as the 533d Air Defense Group, and activated at

  • Grant, C.L., (1961) The Development of Continental Air Defense to 1 September 1954, USAF Historical Study No. 126
  • Leonard, Barry (2009). History of Strategic Air and Ballistic Missile Defense. Vol I. 1945-1955. Fort McNair, DC: Center for Military History.  

Further Reading

  • Buss, Lydus H.(ed), Sturm, Thomas A., Volan, Denys, and McMullen, Richard F., History of Continental Air Defense Command and Air Defense Command July to December 1955, Directorate of Historical Services, Air Defense Command, Ent AFB, CO, (1956)
  • Coleman, John M (1950). The Development of Tactical Services in the Army Air Forces. New York, NY: Columbia University Press. 
  • Cornett, Lloyd H; Johnson, Mildred W (1980). A Handbook of Aerospace Defense Organization, 1946–1980. Peterson AFB, CO: Office of History, Aerospace Defense Center. 
  • Maurer, Maurer, ed. (1983) [1961]. Air Force Combat Units of World War II (reprint ed.). Washington, DC: Office of Air Force History.  
  • Maurer, Maurer, ed. (1982) [1969]. Combat Squadrons of the Air Force, World War II (reprint ed.). Washington, DC: Office of Air Force History.  

 This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the Air Force Historical Research Agency.

Bibliography

  1. ^ a b Coleman, p. 208
  2. ^ a b c d "Abstract, History 533rd Air Service Group May-Sep 1945". Air Force History Index. Retrieved January 1, 2012. 
  3. ^ Department of the Air Force Letter, 322 (AFOOR 887e), 8 October 1948, Subject: Disbandment of Certain Inactive Air Force Units
  4. ^ a b c Cornett & Johnson, p. 83
  5. ^ a b Cornett & Johnson, p.127
  6. ^ a b Maurer, Combat Squadrons, p. 440
  7. ^ "Abstract, History 27 Air Division Jan-Jun 1953". Air Force History Index. Retrieved January 1, 2012. 
  8. ^ a b Cornett & Johnson. p.147
  9. ^ a b See "Abstract, History 533rd Infirmary Jan-Jun 1955". Air Force History Index. Retrieved January 1, 2012. 
  10. ^ Maurer, Combat Units, pp. 298–299
  11. ^ Robertson, Patsy (2010-10-13). "Factsheet 414 Fighter Group (AFRC)". Air Force Historical Research Agency. Retrieved March 6, 2012. 
  12. ^ Buss, Sturm, Volan, & McMullen, p. 6
  13. ^ Department of the Air Force/MPM Letter 575q, 27 Sep 1984, Subject: Disbandment of Units
  14. ^ Robertson, Patsy (December 2, 2011). "Factsheet 354 Fighter Squadron (ACC)". Air Force Historical Research Agency. Retrieved March 6, 2012. 

References

See also

  • North American F-51D Mustang, 1953
  • Lockheed F-94C Starfighter, 1953-1955

Aircraft

  • 533rd Air Base Squadron, 16 February 1953 - 18 August 1955
  • 533rd Materiel Squadron, 16 February 1953 - 18 August 1955[8]
  • 533rd Medical Squadron (later 533rd USAF Dispensary),[9] 16 February 1953 - 18 August 1955
  • 783rd Air Materiel Squadron, 28 May 1945 - 25 September 1945
  • 959th Air Engineering Squadron, 28 May 1945- 25 September 1945

Support Units

  • 354th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron, 16 February 1953 – 18 August 1955[14]

Operational Squadron

Components

  • Sterperone Airfield, Italy, 28 May 1945 - May 1945[2]
  • Pisa, Italy, May 1945 - 25 September 1945[2]
  • Oxnard Air Force Base, California, 16 February 1953 – 18 August 1955

Stations

  • Unknown, 28 May 1945 - 25 September 1945 (probably XV Air Force Service Command)
  • 27th Air Division, 16 February 1953 – 18 August 1955[4]

Assignments

Activated on 16 February 1953
Inactivated on 18 August 1955
Disbanded on 27 September 1984
  • Reconstituted and redesignated as 533d Air Defense Group on 21 January 1953
Inactivated on 25 September 1945[2]
Disbanded on 8 October 1948
  • Activated as 533rd Air Service Group on 28 May 1945

Lineage

The 533d was inactivated[4] and replaced by the 414th Fighter Group (Air Defense) in 1955[10][11] as part of Air Defense Command's Project Arrow, which was designed to bring back on the active list the fighter units which had compiled memorable records in the two world wars.[12] the group was disbanded once again in 1984.[13]

[9][8] to perform its support responsibilities.squadrons The group was assigned three [7]

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