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56th United States Congress

56th United States Congress
55th ← → 57th

United States Capitol (1906)

Duration: March 4, 1899 – March 4, 1901

Senate President: Garret Hobart (Mar.–Nov. 1899)
Vacant (1899–1901)
Senate Pres. pro tem: William P. Frye
House Speaker: David B. Henderson
Members: 90 Senators
357 Representatives
4 Non-voting members
Senate Majority: Republican
House Majority: Republican

Sessions
1st: December 4, 1899 – June 7, 1900
2nd: December 3, 1900 – March 3, 1901

The Fifty-sixth United States Congress was a meeting of the North Carolina, who served his second and final term as a Representative in this Congress, and would be the last black member of Congress until 1928, and the last black member of Congress from the South until 1972.

Contents

  • Major events 1
  • Major legislation 2
  • Party summary 3
    • Senate 3.1
    • House of Representatives 3.2
  • Leadership 4
    • Senate 4.1
    • House of Representatives 4.2
      • Majority (Republican) leadership 4.2.1
      • Minority (Democratic) leadership 4.2.2
  • Members 5
    • Senate 5.1
      • Alabama 5.1.1
      • Arkansas 5.1.2
      • California 5.1.3
      • Colorado 5.1.4
      • Connecticut 5.1.5
      • Delaware 5.1.6
      • Florida 5.1.7
      • Georgia 5.1.8
      • Idaho 5.1.9
      • Illinois 5.1.10
      • Indiana 5.1.11
      • Iowa 5.1.12
      • Kansas 5.1.13
      • Kentucky 5.1.14
      • Louisiana 5.1.15
      • Maine 5.1.16
      • Maryland 5.1.17
      • Massachusetts 5.1.18
      • Michigan 5.1.19
      • Minnesota 5.1.20
      • Mississippi 5.1.21
      • Missouri 5.1.22
      • Montana 5.1.23
      • Nebraska 5.1.24
      • Nevada 5.1.25
      • New Hampshire 5.1.26
      • New Jersey 5.1.27
      • New York 5.1.28
      • North Carolina 5.1.29
      • North Dakota 5.1.30
      • Ohio 5.1.31
      • Oregon 5.1.32
      • Pennsylvania 5.1.33
      • Rhode Island 5.1.34
      • South Carolina 5.1.35
      • South Dakota 5.1.36
      • Tennessee 5.1.37
      • Texas 5.1.38
      • Utah 5.1.39
      • Vermont 5.1.40
      • Virginia 5.1.41
      • Washington 5.1.42
      • West Virginia 5.1.43
      • Wisconsin 5.1.44
      • Wyoming 5.1.45
    • House of Representatives 5.2
      • Alabama 5.2.1
      • Arkansas 5.2.2
      • California 5.2.3
      • Colorado 5.2.4
      • Connecticut 5.2.5
      • Delaware 5.2.6
      • Florida 5.2.7
      • Georgia 5.2.8
      • Idaho 5.2.9
      • Illinois 5.2.10
      • Indiana 5.2.11
      • Iowa 5.2.12
      • Kansas 5.2.13
      • Kentucky 5.2.14
      • Louisiana 5.2.15
      • Maine 5.2.16
      • Maryland 5.2.17
      • Massachusetts 5.2.18
      • Michigan 5.2.19
      • Minnesota 5.2.20
      • Mississippi 5.2.21
      • Missouri 5.2.22
      • Montana 5.2.23
      • Nebraska 5.2.24
      • Nevada 5.2.25
      • New Hampshire 5.2.26
      • New Jersey 5.2.27
      • New York 5.2.28
      • North Carolina 5.2.29
      • North Dakota 5.2.30
      • Ohio 5.2.31
      • Oregon 5.2.32
      • Pennsylvania 5.2.33
      • Rhode Island 5.2.34
      • South Carolina 5.2.35
      • South Dakota 5.2.36
      • Tennessee 5.2.37
      • Texas 5.2.38
      • Utah 5.2.39
      • Vermont 5.2.40
      • Virginia 5.2.41
      • Washington 5.2.42
      • West Virginia 5.2.43
      • Wisconsin 5.2.44
      • Wyoming 5.2.45
      • Non-voting members 5.2.46
  • Changes in membership 6
    • Senate 6.1
    • House of Representatives 6.2
  • Employees 7
    • Senate 7.1
    • House of Representatives 7.2
  • References 8
  • External links 9

Major events

Major legislation

Party summary

The count below identifies party affiliations at the beginning of the first session of this Congress, and includes members from vacancies and newly admitted states, when they were first seated. Changes resulting from subsequent replacements are shown below in the "Changes in membership" section.

Senate

Party
(Shading shows control)
Total Vacant
Democratic
(D)
Populist
(P)
Republican
(R)
Silver
(S)
Silver Republican
(SR)
End of the previous congress 34 5 44 2 5 90 0
Begin 24 6 52 2 2 86 4
End 23 7 54 88 2
Final voting share 26.1% 8.0% 61.4% 2.3% 2.3%
Beginning of the next congress 28 2 53 0 3 86 4

House of Representatives

Party
(Shading shows control)
Total Vacant
Democratic
(D)
Populist
(P)
Republican
(R)
Silver
(S)
Silver Republican
(SR)
End of the previous congress 124 22 207 1 3 357 0
Begin 163 6 183 1 2 355 2
End 159 186 354 3
Final voting share 44.9% 1.7% 52.5% 0.3% 0.6%
Non-voting members 1 0 2 0 0 3 1
Beginning of the next congress 151 5 200 0 1 357 0

Leadership

President of the Senate
Garret Hobart
Speaker of the House
David B. Henderson

Senate

House of Representatives

Majority (Republican) leadership

Minority (Democratic) leadership

Members

This list is arranged by chamber, then by state. Senators are listed in order of seniority, and Representatives are listed by district.

Senate

At this time, Senators were elected by the state legislatures every two years, with one-third beginning new six-year terms with each Congress. Preceding the names in the list below are Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election. In this Congress, Class 1 meant their term began with this Congress, requiring reelection in 1904; Class 2 meant their term ended with this Congress, requiring reelection in 1900; and Class 3 meant their term began in the last Congress, requiring reelection in 1902.

House of Representatives

Changes in membership

The count below reflects changes from the beginning of the first session of this Congress.

Senate

  • replacements: 4
  • deaths: 3
  • resignations: 1
  • vacancy: 5
  • interim appointments: 3
  • Total seats with changes: 9

House of Representatives

  • deaths: 15
  • resignations: 8
  • contested election: 4
  • Total seats with changes: 25

Employees

Senate

House of Representatives

References

  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. 
  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1982). The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. 

External links

  • Statutes at Large, 1789-1875
  • Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress
  • U.S. House of Representatives: Congressional History
  • U.S. Senate: Statistics and Lists


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