World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article
 

80th Academy Awards

80th Academy Awards
Official poster
Date February 24, 2008
Site Kodak Theatre
Hollywood, Los Angeles, California, U.S.
Host Jon Stewart
Pre-show Samantha Harris
Regis Philbin
Shaun Robinson[1]
Producer Gil Cates
Director Louis J. Horvitz
Highlights
Best Picture No Country for Old Men
Most awards No Country for Old Men (4)
Most nominations No Country for Old Men and There Will Be Blood (8)
TV in the United States
Network ABC
Duration 3 hours, 21 minutes[2]
Ratings 31.76 million
18.66% (Nielsen ratings)[3]

The 80th Academy Awards ceremony, presented by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS), honored the best films of 2007 in the United States and took place February 24, 2008, at the Kodak Theatre in Hollywood, Los Angeles beginning at 5:30 p.m. PST / 8:30 p.m. EST. During the ceremony, the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences presented Academy Awards (commonly referred to as Oscars) in 24 categories. The ceremony, televised in the United States by ABC, was produced by Gil Cates and directed by Louis J, Horvitz.[4][5] Actor Jon Stewart hosted the show for the second time, having previously presided over the 78th ceremony held in 2006.[6] Two weeks earlier in a gala at the Beverly Wilshire Hotel in Beverly Hills, California held on February 9, the Academy Awards for Technical Achievement were presented by host Jessica Alba.[7]

No Country for Old Men won four awards including Best Picture.[8][9] Other winners included The Bourne Ultimatum with three awards, La Vie en Rose (La Môme) and There Will Be Blood with two awards, and Atonement, The Counterfeiters, Elizabeth: The Golden Age, Freeheld, The Golden Compass, Juno, Michael Clayton, The Mozart of Pickpockets, Once, Peter and the Wolf, Ratatouille, Sweeney Todd: The Demon Barber of Fleet Street, and Taxi to the Dark Side with one. The telecast garnered under 32 million viewers, making it the least watched Oscar broadcast in history.

Contents

  • Winners and nominees 1
    • Awards 1.1
    • Academy Honorary Award 1.2
    • Multiple nominations and awards 1.3
  • Presenters and performers 2
    • Presenters 2.1
    • Performers 2.2
  • Ceremony information 3
    • Box office performance of nominated films 3.1
    • Critical reviews 3.2
    • Ratings and reception 3.3
  • In Memoriam 4
  • See also 5
  • References 6
  • External links 7

Winners and nominees

The nominations were announced on January 22, 2008, at the Samuel Goldwyn Theater in Beverly Hills, California by Sid Ganis, president of the Academy, and actress Kathy Bates.[10] No Country for Old Men and There Will Be Blood tied for the most nominations with eight each.[11]

The winners were announced during the award ceremony of February 24, 2008.[12] Best Director winners Ethan and Joel Coen became the second pair of directors to win the award for the same film. Jerome Robbins and Robert Wise first accomplished this feat for co-directing 1961's West Side Story.[13] For only the second time in Oscar history, all four acting winners were born outside the United States.[14] Daniel Day-Lewis became the eighth person to win Best Lead Actor twice.[15] Best Actress winner Marion Cotillard was the fifth person to win for a non-English speaking performance and the second person to do so in the aforementioned category.[16] Cate Blanchett became the eleventh performer to score double acting nominations in the same year.[17] By virtue of her nomination for her role as titular character in Elizabeth: The Golden Age, she also was the first actress and fifth performer overall to be nominated for portraying the same character in two different films (she previously earned a nomination for playing Queen Elizabeth I of England in 1998's Elizabeth).[18] Best Supporting Actor nominee Hal Holbrook, who was 82 years and 339 days old at the time of his nomination, was the oldest Best Supporting Actor nominee.[19] At age 98, art director Robert F. Boyle was the oldest recipient of the Academy Honorary Award.[20]

Awards

Photo of two Caucasian facing toward their left. The one on the left has short hair, is wearing a black and grey unbuttoned collared shirt, and has his right hand covering his mouth. The one on the right has long curly hair and is wearing a white T-shirt underneath a completely unbuttoned grey and black plaid collared shirt.
Coen brothers, Best Director winners

A smiling man with grey hair wearing a black collared shirt.
Daniel Day-Lewis, Best Actor winner

Headshot of a brown-haired French female wearing a black dress.
Marion Cotillard, Best Actress winner

A picture of a Spanish man with sunglasses. He is wearing a greay coat over an unbuttoned light blue collared shirt.
Javier Bardem, Best Supporting Actor winner

Upper torso of a female in her late forties standing in front of a red wall with white text and logos. She is wearing a white shirt
Tilda Swinton, Best Supporting Actress winner

Profile of a smiling woman with black hair who is wearing a black blouse with blue and green dots.
Diablo Cody, Best Original Screenplay winner

A photo of a bespectacled man wearing a black coat over a white collared shirt and white tie. He smiles.
Stefan Ruzowitzky, Best Foreign Language Film winner

Photo of a balded Caucasian male wearing glasses, a black coat over a white collared shirt, and a blue tie with white and maroon diamonds.
Alex Gibney, Best Documentary Feature co-winner

Winners are listed first and highlighted in boldface.[12]

Academy Honorary Award

Multiple nominations and awards

Presenters and performers

The following individuals presented awards or performed musical numbers.[22]

Presenters

Name(s) Role
Kane, TomTom Kane
Randy Thomas[23]
Co-announcers for the 80th annual Academy Awards
Garner, JenniferJennifer Garner Presented the award for Best Costume Design[24]
Clooney, GeorgeGeorge Clooney Presenter of the Academy Awards history montage[24]
Carell, SteveSteve Carell
Anne Hathaway
Presenters of the award for Academy Award for Best Animated Feature[24]
Heigl, KatherineKatherine Heigl Presenter of the award for Best Makeup[24]
Stewart, JonJon Stewart Introducer of the performance of Best Song nominee "Happy Working Song"[24]
Johnson, DwayneDwayne Johnson Presenter of the award for Best Visual Effects[25]
Blanchett, CateCate Blanchett Presenter of the award for Best Art Direction[26]
Hudson, JenniferJennifer Hudson Presenter of the award for Best Supporting Actor[24]
Russell, KeriKeri Russell Introducer of the performance of Best Song nominee "Raise It Up"[24]
Wilson, OwenOwen Wilson Presenter of the award for Best Live Action Short Film[24]
Barry B. BensonBarry B. Benson (voiced by Jerry Seinfeld) Presenter of the award for Best Animated Short Film[24]
Arkin, AlanAlan Arkin Presenter of the award for Best Supporting Actress[27]
Alba, JessicaJessica Alba Presenter of the segment of the Scientific and Technical Awards and Gordon E. Sawyer Award[24]
Brolin, JoshJosh Brolin
James McAvoy
Presenters of the awards for Best Adapted Screenplay[27]
Ganis, SidSid Ganis Special segment explaining the Academy Award selection process[24]
Cyrus, MileyMiley Cyrus Introducer of the performance of Best Song nominee "That's How You Know"[24]
Hill, JonahJonah Hill
Seth Rogen
Presenters of the awards for Academy Award for Best Sound Editing and the Academy Award for Best Sound Mixing[24]
Whitaker, ForestForest Whitaker Presenter of the award for Academy Award for Best Actress[27]
Farrell, ColinColin Farrell Introducer of the performance of Best Song nominee "Falling Slowly"[24]
Nicholson, JackJack Nicholson Presenter of the Best Picture winners montage[24]
Zellweger, RenéeRenée Zellweger Presenter of the award for Best Film Editing[27]
Kidman, NicoleNicole Kidman Presenter of the award for Honorary Academy Award to Robert F. Boyle[24]
Cruz, PenélopePenélope Cruz Presenter of the award for Best Foreign Language Film[24]
Dempsey, PatrickPatrick Dempsey Introducer of the performance Best Song nominee of "So Close"[24]
Travolta, JohnJohn Travolta Presenter of the award for Best Original Song[27]
Diaz, CameronCameron Diaz Presenter of the award for Best Cinematography[24]
Swank, HilaryHilary Swank Presenter of the In Memoriam segment[24]
Adams, AmyAmy Adams Presenter of the award for Academy Award for Best Original Music Score[28]
Hanks, TomTom Hanks
Spc. Charles Highland
Sgt. Andrea Knudsen
Officer 3rd Class Joseph Smith
Lt. Curtis Williamson
Sgt. Kenji Thuloweit[29]
Presenters of the award for Academy Award for Best Documentary Short Subject[24]
Hanks, TomTom Hanks Presenter of the award for Academy Award for Best Documentary Feature
Ford, HarrisonHarrison Ford Presenter of the award for Best Original Screenplay[24]
Mirren, HelenHelen Mirren Presenter of the award for Best Actor[24]
Scorsese, MartinMartin Scorsese Presenter of the award for Best Director[27]
Washington, DenzelDenzel Washington Presenter of the award for Best Picture[28]

Performers

Name(s) Role Performed
Conti, BillBill Conti Musical Arranger
Conductor
Orchestral[30]
Adams, AmyAmy Adams Performer "Happy Working Song" from Enchanted
Impact Repertory Theatre, Impact Repertory Theatre
Jamia Simone Nash
Performers "Raise It Up" from August Rush
Chenoweth, KristinKristin Chenoweth
Marlon Saunders
Performers "That's How You Know" from Enchanted
Hansard, GlenGlen Hansard
Markéta Irglová
Performers "Falling Slowly" from Once
McLaughlin, JonJon McLaughlin Performer "So Close" from Enchanted

Ceremony information

Photo of a Jewish male smiling while looking toward his right side and crossing his arms. He is wearing a black coat over a white shirt and a black tie.
Jon Stewart hosted the 80th Academy Awards.

In September 2007, the Academy hired Gil Cates to oversee production of the telecast for a record 14th time.[31] Ganis explained his decision to hire Cates as producer stating, “He’s so talented…so creative and inventive, and so enormously passionate about the Oscars. All of that will again translate into a night that people can’t wait to experience.”[31] Immediately, Cates selected actor, comedian, and talk-show host Jon Stewart as host of the 2008 ceremony. “Jon was a terrific host for the 78th Awards,” Cates said about Stewart in a press release. “He is smart, quick, funny, loves movies and is a great guy. What else could one ask for?”[32]

Furthermore, the 2007–08 Writers Guild of America strike affected the telecast and its surrounding events.[33] Over a month after the labor dispute began, the striking Writers Guild of America (WGA) denied a waiver requested by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences in connection with film clips and excerpts from previous award ceremonies to be shown at the 2008 awards.[34] The material could have still been used though, as the denial only affected the conditions under which the clips are shown.[35] Previously, the 60th ceremony held in 1988 occurred 37 days after that year's writers strike began. At the time, material was already completed in anticipation for the strike, and actors were in full attendance of the ceremony.[36][37]

In anticipation that the strike would continue through Oscar night, the Academy developed a Plan B show that would not have included actors accepting their awards.[38] It would have included the musical numbers, but would have relied heavily on historic film clips, emphasizing the 80th anniversary of the awards.[39] However, both the WGA and Alliance of Motion Picture and Television Producers (AMPTP) reached an agreement effectively ending the strike on February 12, 2008, and the ceremony proceeded under its normal format.[40][41]

Several other people participated in the production of the ceremony and its related events. Bill Conti served as musical director and conductor for the ceremony.[30] Actor Antonio Sabàto, Jr. hosted "Road to the Oscars", a weekly behind-the-scenes video blog on the Oscar ceremony website.[42] In a prerecorded segment, six military service members representing the United States Marine Corps, Army, Air Force, and Navy who stationed at Camp Victory in Baghdad presented the Best Documentary Short Subject award.[29]

Box office performance of nominated films

Continuing a trend in recent years, the field of major nominees favored independent, low-budget films over blockbusters.[43][44] The combined gross of the five Best Picture nominees when the Oscars were announced was $217 million; the average gross per film was $43.3 million.[45]

None of the five Best Picture nominees was among the top ten releases in box office during the nominations. When the nominations were announced on January 22, Juno was the highest earner among the Best Picture nominees with $87.1 million in domestic box office receipts.[46] The film was followed by No Country for Old Men ($48.9 million), Michael Clayton ($39.4 million), Atonement ($32.7 million), and finally There Will Be Blood ($8.7 million).[47]

Out of the top 50 grossing movies of the year (prior to announcement), 29 nominations went to 12 films on the list. Only Ratatouille (9th), American Gangster (18th), Juno (31st), Charlie Wilson's War (39th), and Surf's Up (41st) received nominations for Best Picture, Best Animated Feature, directing, acting, or screenwriting.[48] The other top-50 box office hits that earned nominations were Transformers (3rd), Pirates of the Caribbean: At World's End (4th), The Bourne Ultimatum (7th), Enchanted (20th), Norbit (29th), The Golden Compass (37th), and 3:10 to Yuma (45th).[48]

Critical reviews

The show received a mixed reception from media publications. Some media outlets were more critical of the show. The Washington Post television critic Tom Shales complained the ceremony was "Overstocked with clips from movies -- from this year's nominees and from Oscar winners going back to 1929 -- that it was like a TV show with the hiccups."[49] Columnist James Poniewozik of Time bemoaned that Stewart was "an Oscar host–sometimes a funny one, but a pretty conventional one, whose routine was loaded up with kiss-up softballs about how hot Colin Farrell is, what range Cate Blanchett has and what a tomcat Jack Nicholson is." Of the show itself, he wrote, "What we got instead was a show that half the time seemed like the show the Academy would have put on if there had been a strike, chockful of montages. The other half of the time, it was an typical-to-dull Oscars."[50] Columnist Robert Bianco of USA Today complained "Has it ever felt like more of a padded bore than it did Sunday night? If so, blame the writers' strike, which left the producers with only a few weeks to prepare for the ABC broadcast and persuaded them to lean less on the host and more on old clips." He also observed that numerous film montages seemed to diminish Stewart's job as host.[51]

The majority of other media outlets received the broadcast more positively. Television critic Matthew Gilbert of the Boston Globe gave an average critique of the ceremony but praised Stewart writing that "It was good to see Jon Stewart being Jon Stewart. He is shaping up to be a dependable Oscar host for the post-Billy Crystal years. He's not musical, but he's versatile enough to swing smoothly between jokes about politics, Hollywood, new media, and, most importantly, hair."[52] Variety columnist Brian Lowry lauded Stewart's performance noting that he "earned his keep by maintaining a playful, irreverent tone throughout the night, whether it was jesting about Cate Blanchett’s versatility or watching Lawrence of Arabia on an iPhone screen.[2] Frazier Moore from the Associated Press commended Stewart's improvement from his first hosting stint commenting, "He proved equal to the challenge posed by Oscarcast's quick turnaround. His crash-deadline material worked. And even when it didn't, he was genial, relaxed, and seemed utterly at home." In addition, he quipped that although there was a lack of surprise amongst the winners, he marveled "The evening was plenty elegant. The stage setting was handsome. The orchestra sounded full and lush. Everyone behaved."[53]

Ratings and reception

The American telecast on ABC drew in an average of 32.06 million people over its length, which was a 21% decrease from the previous year's ceremony.[3] An estimated 64.19 million total viewers watched all or part of the awards.[54] The show also earned higher Nielsen ratings compared to the previous ceremony with 18.66% of households watching over a 29.60 share.[55] In addition, it garnered a higher 18–49 demo rating with a 10.68 rating over a 28.87 share among viewers in that demographic.[56] Many media outlets pointed out that the Writers Guild strike and the niche popularity amongst the field of major nominees contributed to the low ratings.[57][58] It earned the lowest viewership for an Academy Award telecast since figures were compiled beginning with the 46th ceremony in 1974 and the lowest ratings for any broadcast since Nielsen Media Research kept track of such data since the 33rd ceremony in 1961.[59][60]

In July 2008, the ceremony presentation received nine nominations at the 60th Primetime Emmys.[61] Two months later, the ceremony won two of those nominations for Outstanding Art Direction (Roy Christopher and Joe Celli) and Outstanding Directing for a Variety, Music, or Comedy Program (Louis J. Horvitz).[62][63]

In Memoriam

The annual In Memoriam tribute, presented by actress Hilary Swank, honored the following people:[64]

See also

References


-- Module:Hatnote -- -- -- -- This module produces hatnote links and links to related articles. It -- -- implements the and meta-templates and includes -- -- helper functions for other Lua hatnote modules. --


local libraryUtil = require('libraryUtil') local checkType = libraryUtil.checkType local mArguments -- lazily initialise Module:Arguments local yesno -- lazily initialise Module:Yesno

local p = {}


-- Helper functions


local function getArgs(frame) -- Fetches the arguments from the parent frame. Whitespace is trimmed and -- blanks are removed. mArguments = require('Module:Arguments') return mArguments.getArgs(frame, {parentOnly = true}) end

local function removeInitialColon(s) -- Removes the initial colon from a string, if present. return s:match('^:?(.*)') end

function p.findNamespaceId(link, removeColon) -- Finds the namespace id (namespace number) of a link or a pagename. This -- function will not work if the link is enclosed in double brackets. Colons -- are trimmed from the start of the link by default. To skip colon -- trimming, set the removeColon parameter to true. checkType('findNamespaceId', 1, link, 'string') checkType('findNamespaceId', 2, removeColon, 'boolean', true) if removeColon ~= false then link = removeInitialColon(link) end local namespace = link:match('^(.-):') if namespace then local nsTable = mw.site.namespaces[namespace] if nsTable then return nsTable.id end end return 0 end

function p.formatPages(...) -- Formats a list of pages using formatLink and returns it as an array. Nil -- values are not allowed. local pages = {...} local ret = {} for i, page in ipairs(pages) do ret[i] = p._formatLink(page) end return ret end

function p.formatPageTables(...) -- Takes a list of page/display tables and returns it as a list of -- formatted links. Nil values are not allowed. local pages = {...} local links = {} for i, t in ipairs(pages) do checkType('formatPageTables', i, t, 'table') local link = t[1] local display = t[2] links[i] = p._formatLink(link, display) end return links end

function p.makeWikitextError(msg, helpLink, addTrackingCategory) -- Formats an error message to be returned to wikitext. If -- addTrackingCategory is not false after being returned from -- Module:Yesno, and if we are not on a talk page, a tracking category -- is added. checkType('makeWikitextError', 1, msg, 'string') checkType('makeWikitextError', 2, helpLink, 'string', true) yesno = require('Module:Yesno') local title = mw.title.getCurrentTitle() -- Make the help link text. local helpText if helpLink then helpText = ' (help)' else helpText = end -- Make the category text. local category if not title.isTalkPage and yesno(addTrackingCategory) ~= false then category = 'Hatnote templates with errors' category = string.format( '%s:%s', mw.site.namespaces[14].name, category ) else category = end return string.format( '%s', msg, helpText, category ) end


-- Format link -- -- Makes a wikilink from the given link and display values. Links are escaped -- with colons if necessary, and links to sections are detected and displayed -- with " § " as a separator rather than the standard MediaWiki "#". Used in -- the template.


function p.formatLink(frame) local args = getArgs(frame) local link = args[1] local display = args[2] if not link then return p.makeWikitextError( 'no link specified', 'Template:Format hatnote link#Errors', args.category ) end return p._formatLink(link, display) end

function p._formatLink(link, display) -- Find whether we need to use the colon trick or not. We need to use the -- colon trick for categories and files, as otherwise category links -- categorise the page and file links display the file. checkType('_formatLink', 1, link, 'string') checkType('_formatLink', 2, display, 'string', true) link = removeInitialColon(link) local namespace = p.findNamespaceId(link, false) local colon if namespace == 6 or namespace == 14 then colon = ':' else colon = end -- Find whether a faux display value has been added with the | magic -- word. if not display then local prePipe, postPipe = link:match('^(.-)|(.*)$') link = prePipe or link display = postPipe end -- Find the display value. if not display then local page, section = link:match('^(.-)#(.*)$') if page then display = page .. ' § ' .. section end end -- Assemble the link. if display then return string.format('%s', colon, link, display) else return string.format('%s%s', colon, link) end end


-- Hatnote -- -- Produces standard hatnote text. Implements the template.


function p.hatnote(frame) local args = getArgs(frame) local s = args[1] local options = {} if not s then return p.makeWikitextError( 'no text specified', 'Template:Hatnote#Errors', args.category ) end options.extraclasses = args.extraclasses options.selfref = args.selfref return p._hatnote(s, options) end

function p._hatnote(s, options) checkType('_hatnote', 1, s, 'string') checkType('_hatnote', 2, options, 'table', true) local classes = {'hatnote'} local extraclasses = options.extraclasses local selfref = options.selfref if type(extraclasses) == 'string' then classes[#classes + 1] = extraclasses end if selfref then classes[#classes + 1] = 'selfref' end return string.format( '
%s
', table.concat(classes, ' '), s )

end

return p-------------------------------------------------------------------------------- -- Module:Hatnote -- -- -- -- This module produces hatnote links and links to related articles. It -- -- implements the and meta-templates and includes -- -- helper functions for other Lua hatnote modules. --


local libraryUtil = require('libraryUtil') local checkType = libraryUtil.checkType local mArguments -- lazily initialise Module:Arguments local yesno -- lazily initialise Module:Yesno

local p = {}


-- Helper functions


local function getArgs(frame) -- Fetches the arguments from the parent frame. Whitespace is trimmed and -- blanks are removed. mArguments = require('Module:Arguments') return mArguments.getArgs(frame, {parentOnly = true}) end

local function removeInitialColon(s) -- Removes the initial colon from a string, if present. return s:match('^:?(.*)') end

function p.findNamespaceId(link, removeColon) -- Finds the namespace id (namespace number) of a link or a pagename. This -- function will not work if the link is enclosed in double brackets. Colons -- are trimmed from the start of the link by default. To skip colon -- trimming, set the removeColon parameter to true. checkType('findNamespaceId', 1, link, 'string') checkType('findNamespaceId', 2, removeColon, 'boolean', true) if removeColon ~= false then link = removeInitialColon(link) end local namespace = link:match('^(.-):') if namespace then local nsTable = mw.site.namespaces[namespace] if nsTable then return nsTable.id end end return 0 end

function p.formatPages(...) -- Formats a list of pages using formatLink and returns it as an array. Nil -- values are not allowed. local pages = {...} local ret = {} for i, page in ipairs(pages) do ret[i] = p._formatLink(page) end return ret end

function p.formatPageTables(...) -- Takes a list of page/display tables and returns it as a list of -- formatted links. Nil values are not allowed. local pages = {...} local links = {} for i, t in ipairs(pages) do checkType('formatPageTables', i, t, 'table') local link = t[1] local display = t[2] links[i] = p._formatLink(link, display) end return links end

function p.makeWikitextError(msg, helpLink, addTrackingCategory) -- Formats an error message to be returned to wikitext. If -- addTrackingCategory is not false after being returned from -- Module:Yesno, and if we are not on a talk page, a tracking category -- is added. checkType('makeWikitextError', 1, msg, 'string') checkType('makeWikitextError', 2, helpLink, 'string', true) yesno = require('Module:Yesno') local title = mw.title.getCurrentTitle() -- Make the help link text. local helpText if helpLink then helpText = ' (help)' else helpText = end -- Make the category text. local category if not title.isTalkPage and yesno(addTrackingCategory) ~= false then category = 'Hatnote templates with errors' category = string.format( '%s:%s', mw.site.namespaces[14].name, category ) else category = end return string.format( '%s', msg, helpText, category ) end


-- Format link -- -- Makes a wikilink from the given link and display values. Links are escaped -- with colons if necessary, and links to sections are detected and displayed -- with " § " as a separator rather than the standard MediaWiki "#". Used in -- the template.


function p.formatLink(frame) local args = getArgs(frame) local link = args[1] local display = args[2] if not link then return p.makeWikitextError( 'no link specified', 'Template:Format hatnote link#Errors', args.category ) end return p._formatLink(link, display) end

function p._formatLink(link, display) -- Find whether we need to use the colon trick or not. We need to use the -- colon trick for categories and files, as otherwise category links -- categorise the page and file links display the file. checkType('_formatLink', 1, link, 'string') checkType('_formatLink', 2, display, 'string', true) link = removeInitialColon(link) local namespace = p.findNamespaceId(link, false) local colon if namespace == 6 or namespace == 14 then colon = ':' else colon = end -- Find whether a faux display value has been added with the | magic -- word. if not display then local prePipe, postPipe = link:match('^(.-)|(.*)$') link = prePipe or link display = postPipe end -- Find the display value. if not display then local page, section = link:match('^(.-)#(.*)$') if page then display = page .. ' § ' .. section end end -- Assemble the link. if display then return string.format('%s', colon, link, display) else return string.format('%s%s', colon, link) end end


-- Hatnote -- -- Produces standard hatnote text. Implements the template.


function p.hatnote(frame) local args = getArgs(frame) local s = args[1] local options = {} if not s then return p.makeWikitextError( 'no text specified', 'Template:Hatnote#Errors', args.category ) end options.extraclasses = args.extraclasses options.selfref = args.selfref return p._hatnote(s, options) end

function p._hatnote(s, options) checkType('_hatnote', 1, s, 'string') checkType('_hatnote', 2, options, 'table', true) local classes = {'hatnote'} local extraclasses = options.extraclasses local selfref = options.selfref if type(extraclasses) == 'string' then classes[#classes + 1] = extraclasses end if selfref then classes[#classes + 1] = 'selfref' end return string.format( '
%s
', table.concat(classes, ' '), s )

end

return p
  1. ^
  2. ^ a b
  3. ^ a b
  4. ^
  5. ^
  6. ^
  7. ^
  8. ^
  9. ^
  10. ^
  11. ^
  12. ^ a b
  13. ^
  14. ^
  15. ^
  16. ^
  17. ^
  18. ^
  19. ^
  20. ^
  21. ^
  22. ^
  23. ^
  24. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w
  25. ^
  26. ^
  27. ^ a b c d e f
  28. ^ a b
  29. ^ a b
  30. ^ a b
  31. ^ a b
  32. ^
  33. ^
  34. ^
  35. ^
  36. ^
  37. ^
  38. ^
  39. ^
  40. ^
  41. ^
  42. ^
  43. ^
  44. ^
  45. ^
  46. ^
  47. ^
  48. ^ a b
  49. ^
  50. ^
  51. ^
  52. ^
  53. ^
  54. ^
  55. ^
  56. ^
  57. ^
  58. ^
  59. ^
  60. ^
  61. ^
  62. ^
  63. ^
  64. ^

External links

Official websites
Analysis
News resources
Other resources
  • Pronunciation Guide to the 80th Academy Award Nominees
  • The 80th Annual Academy Awards at the Internet Movie Database
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.