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A Coruña (Spanish Congress Electoral District)

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A Coruña (Spanish Congress Electoral District)

A Coruña is one of the 52 electoral districts (Spanish: circunscripciones) used for the Spanish Congress of Deputies - the lower chamber of the Spanish Parliament, the Cortes Generales. It is located in the Community of Galicia. A Coruña is the largest municipality and the only municipality with more than 100,000 voters. After that the largest towns are Ferrol and Santiago de Compostela.

Boundaries and electoral system

Under Article 68 of the Spanish constitution [1] the boundaries must be the same as the province of A Coruña and under Article 140 this can only be altered with the approval of congress. Voting is on the basis of universal suffrage in a secret ballot. The electoral system used is closed list proportional representation with seats allocated using the D'Hondt method. Only lists which poll 3% or more of all valid votes cast, including votes "en blanco" (i.e. for "none of the above") can be considered for seats. Under article 12 of the constitution, the minimum voting age is 18.

This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
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Foreign relations

Eligibility

Article 67.3 of the Spanish Constitution prohibits dual membership of the Cortes and regional assemblies, meaning that candidates must resign from Regional Assemblies if elected. Article 70 also makes active judges, magistrates, public defenders, serving military personnel, active police officers and members of constitutional and electoral tribunals ineligible.[1]

Number of members

A Coruña has returned nine members at every election from 1977 onwards, however it will lose a seat for the 2008 where it will elect eight members.[2]

Under Spanish electoral law, all provinces are entitled to a minimum of 2 seats with a remaining 248 seats apportioned according to population.[3] These laws are laid out in detail in the 1985 electoral law. (Ley Orgánica del Régimen Electoral General) The practical effect of this law has been to overrepresent smaller provinces at the expense of larger provinces like A Coruña.

In 2004 for example Spain had 34,571,831 voters giving an average of 98,777 voters per deputy.[4] In A Coruña however the number of voters per deputy was above that at 117,082.[5] In contrast in the neighbouring district of Orense the ratio was only 82,173.[6]

Summary of seats won 1977–2011

1977 1979 1982 1986 1989 1993 1996 2000 2004 2008 2011
Seats 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 8 8
Democratic Centre Union (UCD) 6 6 1
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 2 2 4 4 4 4 3 2 4 3 2
People's Party (PP) 1 1 4 4 4 5 5 5 4 4 5
Democratic and Social Centre (CDS) 1 1
Galician Nationalist Bloc (CG) 1 2 1 1 1

Note: Seats shown for the PP include seats won by their predecessors, the Popular Alliance and Popular Coalition before 1989.

Results

2011 general election

Summary of the 20 November 2011 Spanish Congress of Deputies election results in A Coruña
Party Vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Won +/−
People's Party (PP) 343,270 51.52 +8.85 5 +1
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 182,056 27.32 −13.69 2 −1
Galician Nationalist Bloc (BNG) 77,945 11.70 −0.27 1 ±0
United Left (IU) 30,557 4.59 +3.02 0 ±0
Union, Progress and Democracy (UPyD) 8,812 1.32 +0.72 0 ±0
EQUO (EQUO) 4,802 0.72 New 0 ±0
Animal Rights Party (PACMA) 2,709 0.41 +0.22 0 ±0
For a Fairer World (PUM+J) 1,241 0.19 +0.09 0 ±0
Communist Party of the Peoples of Spain (PCPE) 776 0.12 New 0 ±0
Humanist Party (PH) 694 0.10 +0.05 0 ±0
Twenty-first Convergence (C.XXI) 487 0.07 New 0 ±0
Internationalist Solidarity and Self-Management (SAIn) 476 0.07 +0.03 0 ±0
Communist Unification of Spain (UCE) 319 0.05 New 0 ±0
Blank ballots 12,173 1.83 +0.65
Total 666,317 100.00 8 ±0
Valid votes 666,317 98.45 −0.85
Invalid votes 10,520 1.55 +0.85
Votes cast / turnout 676,837 62.37 −7.59
Abstentions 408,395 37.63 +7.59
Registered voters 1,085,232
Source: Ministry of the Interior

2008 general election

Summary of the 9 March 2008 Spanish Congress of Deputies election results in A Coruña
Party Vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Won +/−
People's Party (PP) 316,688 42.67 −1.92 4 ±0
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 304,398 41.01 +2.11 3 −1
Galician Nationalist Bloc (BNG) 88,830 11.97 +0.27 1 ±0
United Left (IU) 11,669 1.57 −0.34 0 ±0
Union, Progress and Democracy (UPyD) 4,468 0.60 New 0 ±0
The Greens of Europe (LVE) 1,800 0.24 New 0 ±0
Animal Rights Party (PACMA) 1,410 0.19 New 0 ±0
Social Democratic Party (PSD) 1,060 0.14 New 0 ±0
For a Fairer World (PUM+J) 773 0.10 New 0 ±0
Citizens-Party of the Citizenry (C's) 496 0.07 New 0 ±0
Humanist Party (PH) 381 0.05 −0.10 0 ±0
Spanish Falange of the JONS (FE-JONS) 341 0.05 +0.02 0 ±0
National Democracy (DN) 288 0.04 −0.02 0 ±0
Family and Life Party (PFyL) 288 0.04 New 0 ±0
Internationalist Solidarity and Self-Management (SAIn) 287 0.04 New 0 ±0
Electronic Voting Assembly (AVE) 144 0.02 New 0 ±0
Spanish Alternative (AES) 127 0.02 New 0 ±0
Blank ballots 8,783 1.18 −0.63
Total 742,231 100.00 8 −1
Valid votes 742,231 99.30 +0.01
Invalid votes 5,232 0.70 −0.01
Votes cast / turnout 747,463 69.96 −0.64
Abstentions 320,970 37.63 +0.64
Registered voters 1,068,433
Source: Ministry of the Interior

2004 general election

Summary of the 14 March 2004 Spanish Congress of Deputies election results in A Coruña
Party Vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Won +/−
People's Party (PP) 329,389 44.59 −7.35 4 −1
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 287,324 38.90 +14.14 4 +2
Galician Nationalist Bloc (BNG) 86,459 11.70 −7.57 1 −1
United Left (IU) 14,125 1.91 +0.49 0 ±0
Freelance and Professionals' Party (AU.TO.NO.MO) 1,659 0.22 −0.04 0 ±0
Humanist Party (PH) 1,130 0.15 +0.04 0 ±0
Republican Left (IR) 1,082 0.15 New 0 ±0
Democratic and Social Centre (CDS) 1,012 0.14 +0.05 0 ±0
Galician Coalition (CG) 827 0.11 −0.01 0 ±0
Galician Popular Front (FPG) 775 0.10 +0.01 0 ±0
National Democracy (DN) 438 0.06 +0.01 0 ±0
Spanish Democratic Party (PADE) 430 0.06 +0.01 0 ±0
Spanish Falange of the JONS (FE-JONS) 243 0.03 New 0 ±0
The Falange (FE) 234 0.03 −0.03 0 ±0
Republican Social Movement (MSR) 207 0.03 New 0 ±0
Blank ballots 13,347 1.81 +0.32
Total 738,681 100.00 9 ±0
Valid votes 738,681 99.29 ±0.00
Invalid votes 5,255 0.71 ±0.00
Votes cast / turnout 743,936 70.60 +6.76
Abstentions 309,802 29.40 −6.76
Registered voters 1,053,738
Source: Ministry of the Interior

2000 general election

Summary of the 12 March 2000 Spanish Congress of Deputies election results in A Coruña
Party Vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Won +/−
People's Party (PP) 340,434 51.94 +4.65 5 ±0
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 162,273 24.76 −9.09 2 −1
Galician Nationalist Bloc (BNG) 126,287 19.27 +6.53 2 +1
United Left (IU) 9,321 1.42 −2.88 0 ±0
Others 7,331 1.12 0 ±0
Blank ballots 9,741 1.49 +0.51
Total 655,387 100.00 9 ±0
Valid votes 655,387 99.29 −0.14
Invalid votes 4,654 0.71 +0.14
Votes cast / turnout 660,041 63.84 −6.99
Abstentions 373,924 36.16 +6.99
Registered voters 1,033,965
Source: Ministry of the Interior

1996 general election

Summary of the 3 March 1996 Spanish Congress of Deputies election results in A Coruña
Party Vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Won +/−
People's Party (PP) 325,922 47.29 +3.06 5 ±0
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 233,344 33.85 −3.42 3 −1
Galician Nationalist Bloc (BNG) 126,287 12.74 +4.38 1 +1
United Left (IU) 29,669 4.30 −1.14 0 ±0
Others 5,774 0.84 0 ±0
Blank ballots 6,736 0.98 +0.01
Total 689,269 100.00 9 ±0
Valid votes 689,269 99.43 +0.36
Invalid votes 3,928 0.57 −0.36
Votes cast / turnout 693,197 70.83 +1.11
Abstentions 285,422 29.17 −1.11
Registered voters 978,619
Source: Ministry of the Interior

References

  1. ^ a b Spanish Constitution
  2. ^ representation reduced
  3. ^ General features of Spanish electoral system
  4. ^ 2004 Spanish election
  5. ^ A Coruña 2004 result
  6. ^ Orense 2004 result

External links

  • [1] List of members by year
  • [2] Number of voters by Municipality

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