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Abarth

Abarth & C. S.p.A.
Società per Azioni
Industry Automotive
Founded Bologna, Italy (March 31, 1949 (1949-03-31))
Founder Carlo Abarth
Headquarters Turin[1]:304, Italy
Area served
EMEA[1]:44
Key people
  • Alfredo Altavilla, COO [2]
Parent FCA Italy S.p.A.
Website .it.abarthwww

Abarth & C. S.p.A. is a racing car and road car maker founded by Carlo Abarth in 1949.[3] Its logo is a shield with a stylized scorpion on a red and yellow background.[4] Abarth & C. S.p.A. is a fully owned subsidiary of FCA Italy S.p.A. (formerly Fiat Group Automobiles S.p.A.), the subsidiary of Fiat Chrysler Automobiles (formerly of Fiat S.p.A.) controlling its European automotive production activities.

Contents

  • History 1
    • 1949: Abarth & C. 1.1
    • 1971: Fiat takes over 1.2
    • 2007: rebirth of Abarth & C. S.p.a. 1.3
  • Abarth cars 2
    • Current models 2.1
    • Cars produced by Abarth 2.2
    • Cars not produced by Abarth but with Abarth badges 2.3
    • Cars produced under Abarth & C. S.p.A. (2007–) 2.4
    • Cars produced by other manufacturers with involvement from Abarth 2.5
    • Cars produced under Fiat Corse – N Technology named Abarth 2.6
  • International Rally Challenge results 3
  • See also 4
  • Notes 5
  • References 6
  • External links 7

History

1949: Abarth & C.

A 1950 205A, one of the first Abarth cars

Carlo Abarth had been sporting director of the Cisitalia factory racing team since 1947.[5] In 1948 begun the financial downfall of Cisitalia, spurred by the investments needed to put the 202 coupé into production; the following year the manufacturer went under, and founder Piero Dusio flew to Argentina. Carlo Abarth, funded by Armando Scagliarini,[1] took over Cisitalia's assets and on 31 March 1949 Abarth & C. was founded in Bologna.[6][7] Carlo's astrological sign, Scorpio, was chosen as the company logo. From the Cisitalia liquidation Abarth obtained five 204 sports cars (two complete Spiders and three unfinished), a D46 single seater and various spares.[5] The 204s were immediately rechristened Abarth 204 A.[5] Abarth built and raced sports cars developed from the last Cisitalia cars. In addition to Guido Scagliarini, the «Squadra Abarth» racing team lined up celebrated drivers such as Tazio Nuvolari, Franco Cortese and Piero Taruffi. Notably Tazio Nuvolari made his last appearance in racing at the wheel of an Abarth 204 A, winning is class in the Palermo–Monte pellegrino hillclimb on 10 April 1950.[8] Alongside racing, the company main activity was producing and selling accessories and performance parts for Fiat, Lancia, Cisitalia and Simca cars, like inlet manifolds and silencers.[9]

On April 9, 1951 the company's headquarters were moved to Turin;[7] Abarth began his well-known association with Fiat in 1952, when it built the Abarth 1500 Biposto on Fiat mechanicals.[10]

In the 1960s, Abarth was successful in hillclimbing and sports car racing, mainly in classes from 850cc to 2000cc, competing with Porsche 904 and Ferrari Dino. Hans Herrmann was a factory driver from 1962 until 1965, winning the 500 km Nürburgring in 1963 with Teddy Pilette.[11]

Abarth promised Johann Abt that he could race a factory car for free if he won all the races he entered. Abt almost succeeded: Of the 30 races he entered, Abt won 29 and finished second once.[11] Abt later founded Abt Sportsline.

Abarth 595, derived from Fiat 500

Abarth produced high-performance exhaust pipes, diversifying into tuning kits for road vehicles, mainly for Fiat. A racing exhaust was produced for the 1950s Lambretta models "D" and "LD". Original Abarth LD exhausts are now valuable collectors items. Reproductions are available which carry the Abarth name, how Fiat feels about this is not known. Lambretta even held several 125cc Motorcycle land speed records during the 1950s thanks partly to the exhaust that Abarth developed for them.[12][13]

Abarth also helped build sports or racing cars with Porsche[14] and Simca.

1971: Fiat takes over

Carlo sold Abarth to Fiat on 31 July 1971.[11] The acquisition was only made public by Fiat with a press release on 15 October.[15] As Fiat was not interested in the Reparto Corse racing operations, these were taken over by Enzo Osella.[11] Osella obtained cars, spares, technicians and drivers (amongst them Arturo Merzario), and continued the racing activity founding the Osella racing team.[16] Thus ended for Abarth the days of sport prototype and hill climb racing.

Under Fiat ownership, Abarth became the Fiat Group's racing department, managed by engine designer

External links

  1. ^ a b
  2. ^ http://www.fcagroup.com/en-US/governance/management/Pages/alfredo_altavilla.aspx
  3. ^
  4. ^
  5. ^ a b c
  6. ^
  7. ^ a b
  8. ^
  9. ^
  10. ^
  11. ^ a b c d e f
  12. ^
  13. ^
  14. ^
  15. ^
  16. ^
  17. ^ a b
  18. ^
  19. ^ Abarth's new premises in Turin from duemotori.it (Feb 18, 2008)
  20. ^
  21. ^
  22. ^ Authentic USA-Spec Abarth: 1958 Fiat 750 Retrieved on 2 April 2011
  23. ^ , www.ultimatecarpage.comAbarth 209A Boano Coupe Retrieved on 15 July 2014
  24. ^ The Observer's Book of Automobiles, Thirteenth Edition, 1967, page 27

References

  1. ^ Father of Cisitalia racing driver Guido Scagliarini

Notes

See also

Year Car Driver 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 DC Points MC Points
2007 Fiat Grande Punto Abarth S2000 Andrea Navarra KEN
1
TUR
2
BEL
3
RUS
4
POR
Ret
CZE
7
ITA
10
SWI
Ret
CHI 3rd 32 2nd 90
Umberto Scandola KEN
Ret
TUR BEL
5
RUS POR CZE ITA
4
SWI
3
CHI 6th 15
Anton Alén KEN TUR
4
BEL RUS
1
POR CZE
Ret
ITA SWI CHI 7th 15
Giandomenico Basso KEN TUR BEL RUS POR
1
CZE ITA
2
SWI CHI 5th 18
2008 Fiat Grande Punto Abarth S2000 Giandomenico Basso TUR
Ret
POR
4
BEL
6
RUS
3
POR
2
CZE
Ret
ESP
1
ITA
1
SWI
5
CHI 3rd 32 2nd 74
Anton Alén TUR
3
POR
Ret
BEL
11
RUS
2
POR CZE
Ret
ESP
6
ITA
8
SWI
6
CHI 5th 21
Umberto Scandola TUR POR BEL RUS POR
7
CZE ESP ITA
Ret
SWI
Ret
CHI 28th 2
Renato Travaglia TUR POR BEL RUS POR CZE ESP ITA
4
SWI CHI 6th* 19*
Alessio Pissi TUR POR BEL RUS POR CZE ESP ITA
13
SWI CHI - 0
Andrea Navarra TUR POR BEL RUS POR CZE ESP ITA
Ret
SWI CHI - 0
2009 Fiat Grande Punto Abarth S2000 Giandomenico Basso MON
5
BRA
3
KEN POR
Ret
BEL
8
RUS
3
POR
1
CZE
Ret
ESP
8
ITA SCO 5th 28 4th 43
Anton Alén MON
Ret
BRA
Ret
KEN POR
14
BEL RUS
7
POR CZE ESP ITA SCO 34th 3
Luca Rossetti MON
Ret
BRA KEN POR BEL RUS POR
Ret
CZE
10
ESP ITA
2
SCO 10th 8
Bernd Casier MON BRA KEN POR BEL
14
RUS POR CZE ESP ITA SCO - 0
Miguel Fuster MON BRA KEN POR BEL RUS POR CZE ESP
Ret
ITA SCO - 0
Umberto Scandola MON BRA KEN POR BEL RUS POR CZE ESP ITA
11
SCO - 0
François Duval MON BRA KEN POR BEL RUS POR CZE ESP ITA
Ret
SCO - 0
2010 Fiat Grande Punto Abarth S2000 Luca Rossetti MON BRA ARG CAN ITA BEL AZO MAD CZE ITA
5
SCO CYP 22nd 4 6th 6
Giandomenico Basso MON BRA ARG CAN ITA BEL AZO MAD CZE ITA
7
SCO CYP 36th 2

International Rally Challenge results

Cars produced under Fiat Corse – N Technology named Abarth

  • Lancia Delta S4 for Group B – Helped to engineer the engine which utilised a supercharger and turbocharger.

Cars produced by other manufacturers with involvement from Abarth

Cars produced under Abarth & C. S.p.A. (2007–)

Cars not produced by Abarth but with Abarth badges

Cars produced by Abarth

1961 Abarth Monomille, rebodied Fiat 600 chassis[21]
Fiat Abarth 1000
Abarth race cars
Abarth 209A Boano Coupe
Fiat Abarth 750
Abarth Punto Evo Abarth 500 Abarth 500C
  • Supermini
  • 3-door hatchback
  • City car
  • 3-door hatchback
  • City car
  • Cabriolet

Current models

Abarth cars

In 2015 Abarth's parent company was renamed FCA Italy S.p.A., reflecting the incorporation of Fiat S.p.A. into Fiat Chrysler Automobiles that took place in the previous months.

On 1 February 2007 Abarth was re-established as an independent unit with the launch of the current company, Abarth & C. S.p.a.,[18] controlled 100% by Fiat Group Automobiles S.p.A., the subsidiary of Fiat S.p.A. dealing with the production and selling of passenger cars and light commercial vehicles. The first model launched was the Abarth Grande Punto and the Abarth Grande Punto S2000. The brand is based in the Officine 83, part of the old Mirafiori engineering plant.[19] The CEO is Harald Wester.[20]

2007: rebirth of Abarth & C. S.p.a.

In 2000s, Fiat used the Abarth brand to designate a trim/model level, as in the Fiat Stilo Abarth.

In the 1980s Abarth name was mainly used to mark performance cars, such as the Fiat Ritmo Abarth 125/130 TC.

Some commercial models built by Fiat or its subsidiaries Lancia and Autobianchi were co-branded Abarth, including the Autobianchi A112 Abarth, a popular "boy racer" because it was lightweight and inexpensive.

On 1 October 1981, Abarth & C. ceased to exist and was replaced by Fiat Auto Gestione Sportiva, a division of the parent company specialized in the management of racing programmes that would remain in operation through to the end of 1999, when it changed to Fiat Auto Corse S.p.A.

). World Manufacturers' Championship 1983 rally car (which won for Lancia the Group B Lancia Rally 037 winner) and the World Sportscar Championship 1981 and 1980 racing car (Group 5 Lancia Beta Montecarlo Turbo The combined racing department developed the [17]; the EASA headquarters were set up in Abarth's Corso Marche (Turin) offices.sporting director was Daniele Audetto (previously in charge of the Lancia rally team) was appointed director, while Cesare Fiorio [17]

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