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Abdul-Karim Mousavi Ardebili

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Title: Abdul-Karim Mousavi Ardebili  
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Subject: Mohammad Beheshti, Ali Khamenei, Iranian heads of Judicial System, Iranian politicians, Chief Justice of Iran
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Abdul-Karim Mousavi Ardebili

Abdul-Karim Mousavi Ardebili
عبدالکریم موسوی اردبیلی
Chief Justice of Iran
In office
28 June 1981 – 30 June 1989
Appointed by Ruhollah Khomeini
Preceded by Mohammad Beheshti
Succeeded by Mohammad Yazdi
Member of the Assembly of Experts
In office
5 November 1979 – 1 December 1991
Constituency Tehran Province
Personal details
Born (1926-01-28) 28 January 1926
Ardebil, Iran
Nationality Iranian
Political party Independent
Other political
Islamic Republican Party
Religion Shia Islam

Abdul-Karim Mousavi Ardebili (Persian: عبدالکریم موسوی اردبیلی‎‎, born 28 January 1926) is an Iranian politician and Twelver shi'a marja.


  • Early life and education 1
  • Political career 2
  • Personal life 3
  • References 4
  • External links 5

Early life and education

He was born on 28 January 1926 in Ardabil. His father, Mir-Abdul Rahim was a cleric and his mother died when he was a child.

His father sent him to Mula-Ebrahim School in 1940. He went to Qom for higher education in 1943 and was there until 1946. His teachers were Grand Ayatollah Kazem Haeeri and Mohammad-Reza Golpayegani. He travelled to Najaf in 1946 for cleric studies and studied Islam and religion. He was in Najaf until 1948 when his father died and he returned to Iran. He had also established Mofid University in 1989 and is its president now.

Political career

Ardebili was a supporter of Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini and was a friend of his. He spoke for support of Khomeini in the 1970s. After the Iranian revolution, he became a founding member of the Islamic Republican party that was founded in 1979.[1] Khomeini appointed him as chief of justice in 1981 after the assassination of Mohammad Beheshti. He was also acting President of Iran for two months after the impeachment of Abulhassan Banisadr.

When Khomeini died in 1989 Ardebili resigned as chief of justice and returned to Qom. He is a supporter of Green Movement.

Personal life

Ardebili married twice. he has 10 children, 6 sons and 4 daughters. and more


  1. ^ Asayesh, Hossein; Adlina Ab. Halim; Jayum A. Jawan; Seyedeh Nosrat Shojaei (March 2011). "Political Party in Islamic Republic of Iran: A Review". Journal of Politics and Law 4 (1). Retrieved 29 July 2013. 

External links

  • Is the Ayatullah a Heretic?, Time, Monday, 28 April 1980
Legal offices
Preceded by
Mohammad Beheshti
Head of Judiciary System of Iran
Succeeded by
Mohammad Yazdi
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