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Abi Mikhnaf

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Abi Mikhnaf

Muslim historian
Lut ibn Yahya ibn Sa'id ibn Mikhnaf Al-Kufi
Title Abi Mekhnaf
Died AH 157 (773/774) [1]
Era Islamic golden age
Jurisprudence Shia
Main interest(s) History of Islam
Notable work(s) Kitab Al-Saqifa, Kitab Al-Ridda, Kitab Al-Shura, Kitab Al-Jamal, Kitab Al-Siffin, Kitab Maqtal Al-Hasan, Kitab Maqtal Al-Husayn, Sirat Al-Hussayn, ...[1]
Part of a series on
Muslim scholars
1st millennium AH
  • 3rd century AH: (816 – 913 CE)
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  • 5th century AH: (1010 – 1107 CE)
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  • 7th century AH: (1204 – 1301 CE)
  • 8th century AH: (1301 – 1398 CE)
  • 9th century AH: (1398 – 1495 CE)
  • 10th century AH: (1495 – 1592 CE)
2nd millennium AH

Abi Mekhnaf (Lut ibn Yahya ibn Sa'id ibn Mikhnaf Al-Kufi) (لوط ابن يحيٰ ابن سعيد ابن مخنّف الكوفي ) was a classical Shia Muslim historian from the 8th century. He lived in Kufa and died in AH 157 (773/774) .[1] He attributes to Shiism by some Rijal scholars but it's doubtful and not accepted with all of them. However his works represent great tendency to Ali and his sons Hasan and Husayn.



In "Islamic Historiography", "Chase F. Robinson" has put him in the class of Ibn Ishaq and among the first Muslim historians.[3] He was one of founder of Akhbari school in Historiography of early Islam.[4] He wrote at least 13 monographs which later historians like Al-Tabari gathered them in one collection.[5]


Ibn Nadim in Al-Fihrist enumerates 22 and Najashi lists 28 monographs composed by Abu Mikhnaf comprising:[1]

He was the first historian to systematically collect the reports dealing with the events of the Battle of Karbala. His work was considered reliable among later Shi'a and Sunni historians like Tabari.[1] He has based his work on the eyewitness testimony of Muhammad ibn Qays, Harith ibn Abd Allah ibn Sharik al-Amiri, Abd Allah ibn Asim and Dahhak ibn Abd Allah Abu, Abu Janab al-Kalbi and Adi b. Hurmula, Muhammad ibn Qays.[6]



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