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Abolqasem Lahouti

Abolqasem Lahouti
Born Abolqasem Elhami
 [O.S. ] 1887
Kermanshah, Iran
Died 16 March 1957(1957-03-16)
Moscow Oblast, Russian SFSR, Soviet Union
Pen name Abolqasem Lahouti
Occupation Poet, political
Nationality Russian, Soviet
Period Modernism
Genre Poem
Literary movement Socialist realism, Persian Modern Poem
Abolqasem Lahouti's statue(Right) at Tajik Writers Union building, Dushanbe

Abolqāsem Lahūtī (1887 - 16 March 1957) (Russian: Абулькасим Ахмедзаде Лахути, Persian: ابوالقاسم لاهوتی‎‎, Tajiki: Абулқосим Лоҳутӣ), also transliterated as Abulqasim Lahuti and Abulqosim Lohuti, was a Persian poet and political activist who was active in Iran during the Persian Constitutional Revolution and in Tajikistan in the early Soviet era.

Biography

Born in Kermanshah to a Persian poet by the name Mirza Ahmad Elhami and a Kurdish mother, his first poem was printed in the newspaper Habl al-Mateen in Calcutta at the age of 18.[1]

He soon entered politics and even received a medal from Sattar Khan for his efforts.[1]

Initially, he went to clerical school, but then went to Bulgaria and wrote many poems on Islam. He then came back to Iran, and enlisted in the armed forces, and graduated as Captain in rank.[1]

After being convicted by a court in Qom to death, he fled to Turkey, but soon returned and joined forces with Sheikh Mohammad Khiabani in Tabriz. His forces defeated Mahmud Khan Puladeen's troops, but were soon disbanded by freshly dispatched forces. He fled to Baku.[1]

While living in Nakhichevan, he became interested in Communism. After marrying a Russian poet by the name Sisil Banu, being unable to initiate a coup d'etat against the central government of Iran, he gave up and moved to USSR where he remained until his final days.[1]

In 1925, he went to Dushanbe and joined the friends of Sadriddin Aini. His poetry was welcomed by audiences and gained him the position of the founder of Soviet Tajik poetry.[2]

Lahuti is the author of the Anthem of the Tajik Soviet Socialist Republic. Lahuti's other works include "Kovai Ohangar" ("Kaveh the Blacksmith", 1947), "Qasidai Kremel" ("Ode to the Kremlin", 1923), and "Toj va Bairaq" ("The Crown and the Flag", 1935). His collection of poetry, in six volumes, was published in 1960-1963. He died on March 16, 1957, in Moscow.[2]

References

  1. ^ a b c d e 'Alí Rizā Awsatí (عليرضا اوسطى), Iran in the Past Three Centuries (Irān dar Se Qarn-e Goz̲ashteh - ايران در سه قرن گذشته), Volumes 1 and 2 (Paktāb Publishing - انتشارات پاکتاب, Tehran, Iran, 2003). ISBN 964-93406-6-1 (Vol. 1), ISBN 964-93406-5-3 (Vol. 2).
  2. ^ a b Iraj Bashiri, Prominent Tajik figures of the twentieth century, Dushanbe, 2002

External links

  • Abu’l-Qāsem Lāhuti, Encyclopædia Iranica


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