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Acrocorinth

The walled gates of Acrocorinth, as rebuilt by the Venetians.
Acrocorinth, looking north towards the Gulf of Corinth.

Acrocorinth (

  • Media related to at Wikimedia Commons
  • Hellenic Ministry of Culture
  • Acrocorinth and Ancient Corinth

External links

  1. ^ Forrest, in John Boardman, Jasper Griffin and Oswyn Murray, Greece and the Hellenistic World (Oxford History of the Classical World) 1988, vol. I p. 31.
  2. ^ Pausanias. Description of Greece, 2.1.6.
  3. ^ Pausanias. Description of Greece, 2.4.7.
  4. ^ Pausanias. Description of Greece, 2.5.1.

References

Gallery

The Upper Pirene spring is located within the encircling walls. "The spring, which is behind the temple, they say was the gift of Asopus to Sisyphus. The latter knew, so runs the legend, that Zeus had ravished Aegina, the daughter of Asopus, but refused to give information to the seeker before he had a spring given him on the Acrocorinthus."[4]

In a Corinthian myth related in the 2nd century CE to Pausanias, Briareus, one of the Hecatonchires, was the arbitrator in a dispute between Poseidon and Helios, between the sea and the sun: his verdict was that the Isthmus of Corinth belonged to Poseidon and the acropolis of Corinth (Acrocorinth) to Helios.[2][3]

Afterwards it became a fortress of the Frankish Principality of Achaea, the Venetians and the Ottoman Turks. With its secure water supply, Acrocorinth's fortress was used as the last line of defense in southern Greece because it commanded the Isthmus of Corinth, repelling foes from entry into the Peloponnese peninsula. Three circuit walls formed the man-made defense of the hill. The highest peak on the site was home to a temple to Aphrodite which was converted to a church, and then became a mosque. The American School's Corinth Excavations began excavations on it in 1929. Currently, Acrocorinth is one of the most important medieval castle sites of Greece.

. Leo Sgouros for three years by Crusaders. It was defended against the Peloponnese and later of the Hellas of thema of the strategos as it became the seat of the Byzantine Empire Acrocorinth was continuously occupied from archaic times to the early 19th century. The city's archaic acropolis, already an easily defensible position due to its geomorphology, was further heavily fortified during the [1]

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