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Actinistia

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Title: Actinistia  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Evolution of fish, Coelacanth, Vertebrate, Gnathostomata, Osteichthyes
Collection: Devonian First Appearances, Live-Bearing Fish, Living Fossils, Lobe-Finned Fish, Ovoviviparous Fish
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Actinistia

Actinistia
Temporal range: Devonian–Recent
Є
O
S
D
C
P
T
J
K
Pg
N
West Indian Ocean coelacanth
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Sarcopterygii
Subclass: Actinistia
Cope, 1871
Daughter taxa

Orders

Families

Genera

Synonyms
  • Coelacanthimorpha
Whiteia fossils

Actinistia is a subclass of mostly fossil lobe-finned fishes. This subclass contains the coelacanths, including the two living coelacanths, the West Indian Ocean coelacanth and the king of the sea.

Contents

  • Taxonomy 1
  • Phylogeny 2
  • See also 3
  • References 4

Taxonomy

Phylogeny

A, Miguashaia bureaui, Shultze, 1973, Upper Devonian (Frasnian), Migausha, Canada;
B, Diplocercides heiligostockiensis, Jessen (1966), Upper Devonian (Frasnian), Bergisch-Gladbach, Germany;
C, Serenicthys kowiensis gen. et sp. nov., Upper Devonian (Famennian), Grahamstown, South Africa;
D, Allenypterus montanus Melton 1969, Lower Carboniferous (Namurian), Montana, USA;
E, Rhabdodema elegans, (Newberry, 1856), Upper Carboniferous (Westphalian), Linton, Ohio, USA;
F, Latimeria chalumnae Smith 1939, recent, east coast of Africa.

The following cladograms are based on multiple sources.[1][2][3][4][5]


Rhipidistia

Actinistia
Miguashaiidae

Gavinia


Miguashaia



Diplocercidae

Dictyonosteus


Diplocercides


Hadronectoridae

Hadronector




Allenypterus


Holopterygius




Lochmocercus



Polyosteorhynchus


Rhabdodermatidae

Rhabdoderma


Caridosuctor


Synaptolus




Sassenia



Coelacanthidae

Axelia


Coelacanthus


Wimania


Ticinepomis


Laugiidae

Coccoderma


Laugia


Trachymetopon





Spermatodus


Coelacanthiformes











Coelacanthiformes
Whiteiidae

Piveteauia


Whiteia



Rebellatricidae Rebellatrix

Latimerioidei

Garnbergia

Mawsoniidae

Chinlea



Parnaibaia



Mawsonia


Axelrodichthys







Diplurus


Libys


Latimeriidae


Holophagus


Undina




Macropoma



Swenzia


Latimeria








See also

References

  1. ^ Wendruff, A. J.; Wilson, M. V. H. (2012). "A fork-tailed coelacanth, Rebellatrix divaricerca, gen. et sp. nov. (Actinistia, Rebellatricidae, fam. nov.), from the Lower Triassic of Western Canada". Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 32 (3): 499–511.  
  2. ^ Gallo, V., M.S.S. de Carvalho, & H.R.S. Santos (2010). "New occurrence of †Mawsoniidae (Sarcopterygii, Actinistia) in the Morro do Chaves Formation, Lower Cretaceous of the Sergipe-Alagoas Basin, Northeastern Brazil". Boletim do Museu Paraense Emílio Goeldi 5 (2): 195–205. 
  3. ^ Long, J. A. (1995). The rise of fishes: 500 million years of evolution. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. 
  4. ^ Cloutier, R. & Ahlberg, P. E. (1996). Morphology, characters, and the interrelationships of basal sarcopterygians. pp. 445–479. 
  5. ^ Clement, G. (2005). "A new coelacanth (Actinistia, Sarcopterygii) from the Jurassic of France, and the question of the closest relative fossil to Latimeria". Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 25 (3): 481–491.  
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