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Acton, Ontario

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Acton, Ontario

Acton
Urban area
Mill Street in Acton
Mill Street in Acton
Acton is located in Southern Ontario
Acton
Acton
Location in Southern Ontario
Coordinates:
Country Canada
Province Ontario
Regional municipality Halton
Town Halton Hills
Founded 1828
Incorporated (village) 1874
Erected (town) 1950
Amalgamated 1974
Elevation 350 m (1,150 ft)
Time zone EST (UTC−5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC−4)
Forward sortation area L7J
Area code(s) 519, 226
NTS Map 040P09
GNBC Code FABPG[1]

Acton (population 9,704) is a community located in the Town of Halton Hills, in Halton Region, Ontario, Canada.

Contents

  • History 1
    • Significance of tanning (1844-1986) 1.1
    • Actonite or Actonian 1.2
  • Sports teams and clubs 2
  • Geography 3
  • Infrastructure 4
    • Transportation 4.1
    • Media 4.2
    • Library 4.3
    • Schools 4.4
  • Demographics 5
  • Notable Actonians 6
  • References 7
  • Further reading 8
  • External links 9

History

Proclamation of the former Town of Acton, marking the centennial of the establishment of the municipality

Acton was first named Danville when Settler Wheeler Green opened a dry-goods store in 1828. It was later called Adamsville, after three settlers from a family of that name. In 1846, the postmaster named the community after the area of Acton in West London, England.

Originally part of Esquesing Township, Acton was a station on the Grand Trunk Railway with a population of 700 by 1869. The principal trade was in grain, lumber, cordwood, leather and hops. Land averaged from $28 to $35 per acre.[2]

Acton was incorporated as a village in 1874,[3] and erected into a town in 1950.[4]

On January 1, 1974, Acton amalgamated with the Town of Halton Hills.

Significance of tanning (1844-1986)

Beardmore & Co. tannery in 1919, viewed in the air from the north. Intersection of Mill St and Main St shown at lower right.
Acton in 1919, viewed in the air from the east. Grand Trunk train is crossing Mill St at lower left. Toronto Suburban Railway track can be seen at upper left.

Tanning has been an important industry in Acton since 1844, when the first tannery was established, as the area was attractive to the leather industry because of the large numbers of trees.[5] The tannery was subsequently purchased by Beardmore & Co. in 1865, and over time became the largest tanner in Canada.[6] It was sold to Canada Packers in 1944, and continued in operation until its closure in September 1986.[7]

Other specialty tanners were also established in the town.[8] In the early 20th century, Acton was the main urban community of Esquesing Township, much larger than nearby Georgetown, Ontario which now has four times the population.

Because of the extensive tanning industry that was located in the area during the 19th Century and early 20th Century, the area has earned the nickname of Leathertown.

Actonite or Actonian

It is interesting to note in older books and papers of the area that not one, but two demonyms have existed for residents of the area at the same time. Actonite was used to identify people who moved to the area, and Actonian referred to people who grew up there. The first designation now predominates, due to the influx of new residents in the 1960s, but older residents still remember it.

Sports teams and clubs

Downtown Acton
  • Halton Hills Minor Hockey (Halton Hills Thunder): The 2013-2014 season was the inaugural season of the amalgamation of the Georgetown Minor Hockey Association (Georgetown Raiders) and The Acton Minor Hockey Association (AMHA) (Acton Tanners). Before this amalgamation, Acton was an Ontario Minor Hockey Association (OMHA) BB centre. The newly amalgamated association is an Ontario Minor Hockey Association (OMHA) AA-AE centre.
  • Acton Chargers Select Hockey and House League
  • Acton Curling Club
  • Acton Minor Ball
  • Acton Skating Club member of Skate Canada-Learn to Skate, Powerskate, Figure Skate
  • Acton Villa Soccer Club. Youth and adult soccer, indoor and outdoor

Geography

The town's location was chosen because of the good source of waterpower from the Black Creek, and the flour mill established at the beginning is still in operation today, although its source of power has changed. It is also near the watershed between the Credit River and the Grand River which is just west of the urban area, where the Blue Springs Creek begins. Acton also has Fairy Lake at Prospect Park,which is the fairgrounds for the Acton Fall Fair every September.[9]

Infrastructure

Fairy Lake
Bathymetric contours of Fairy Lake
Location Halton Hills, Ontario
Coordinates
Lake type reservoir
Catchment area 20.31 km3 (4.87 cu mi)
Built 1830 (1830)
Surface area 0.26 km2 (0.10 sq mi)
Average depth 1 m (3.3 ft)
Max. depth 7 m (23 ft)
Water volume 400,656 m3 (14,149,000 cu ft)
Surface elevation 347 m (1,138 ft)
Settlements Acton, Ontario
References [10]

Transportation

The former Acton train station

Acton is located at the intersection of Highway 7 and Halton Regional Road 25. Bus service is provided by GO Transit on its Kitchener line corridor.

The Grand Trunk brought train service to the area in 1856, and its station[11] was located at Mill Street East and Eastern Avenue next to the Beardmore leather warehouse (now known as the Olde Hide House). Canadian National closed the train station in the late 1960s, but the stop continued to serve both Via Rail and GO Trains until the 1990s. GO Train service resumed on January 7, 2013.[12][13][14]

From 1917 to 1931, Acton was also served by the Toronto Suburban Railway,[15] which entered into a notable dispute over a crossing with a spur line of the Grand Trunk in the town, that went all the way to the Supreme Court of Canada for resolution.[16]

Media

Acton is covered by local newspapers and television through the following services:

  • Acton Free Press
  • TVCogeco
  • The Acton New Tanner
  • The Halton Compass

Library

The Acton branch of the Halton Hills Public Library is located at 17 River Street was initially built as the community's centennial project, and was opened in 1967. It was significantly expanded in 2012.[17]

Schools

School Type Grades
McKenzie-Smith Bennett School[18] Public elementary JK–08
Robert Little Public School[19] Public elementary JK–05
Acton District High School Public secondary 09–12
St. Joseph Elementary School[20] Catholic elementary JK–08

Demographics

Population pyramid 2011
% Males Age Females %
0.5
 
85+
 
0.7
0.6
 
80–84
 
0.9
0.7
 
75–79
 
1.2
1.2
 
70–74
 
1.3
1.9
 
65–69
 
1.9
2.7
 
60–64
 
3.1
3.2
 
55–59
 
3.4
3.6
 
50–54
 
3.7
4.7
 
45–49
 
4.0
4.2
 
40–44
 
4.6
3.5
 
35–39
 
4.0
2.9
 
30–34
 
3.6
2.5
 
25–29
 
2.6
2.7
 
20–24
 
2.4
3.4
 
15–19
 
3.3
3.5
 
10–14
 
3.4
3.5
 
5–9
 
3.5
3.4
 
0–4
 
3.2

Notable Actonians

Acton Town Hall
General information
Architectural style Italianate
Address 19 Willow St
Town or city Acton
Completed December 1882
Opening March 1883
Cost $4,574
Owner Heritage Acton
Technical details
Floor count 2
Design and construction
Architecture firm James, Mallory and Mallory of Toronto, Ontario
Main contractor W.M. McCulla of Brampton, Ontario
Designations Heritage property
Website
.com.actontownhallwww
References
[24]

References

  1. ^ Acton at Geographical Names of Canada
  2. ^
  3. ^
  4. ^
  5. ^
  6. ^
  7. ^
  8. ^
  9. ^
  10. ^ Town of Halton Hills - Fairy Lake Water Quality Study
  11. ^
  12. ^
  13. ^
  14. ^
  15. ^
  16. ^ , 56 S.C.R. 196, Date: 1918-03-05Acton Tanning Co. v. Toronto Suburban Rway. Co.
  17. ^
  18. ^
  19. ^
  20. ^
  21. ^
  22. ^
  23. ^
  24. ^

Further reading

External links

  • Stars of the Town: Acton, Ontario (c. 1949) on YouTube
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