World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Adhesive tape

Article Id: WHEBN0012404450
Reproduction Date:

Title: Adhesive tape  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Pressure-sensitive tape, Shelter in place, Crêpe paper, Glassine, Unruly aircraft passenger
Collection: Adhesive Tape, Medical Dressings
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Adhesive tape

A roll of PSA office tape in a dispenser

Adhesive tape is one of many varieties of backing materials coated with an adhesive. Several types of adhesives can be used.

Contents

  • History 1
  • Types 2
    • Pressure-sensitive tape 2.1
    • Water activated tape 2.2
    • Heat sensitive tape 2.3
    • Drywall tape 2.4
  • See also 3
  • References 4
  • External links 5

History

Pressure-sensitive adhesive, a key component of some adhesive tapes, was first developed in 1845 by Dr. Horace Day, a surgeon.[1] In 1901, the German Oscar Troplowitz invented an adhesive patch called Leukoplast for the German company Beiersdorf AG.

Types

Pressure-sensitive tape

Dennison Mending Tape from the second half of the 20th century. From the Museo del Objeto del Objeto collection.

Pressure-sensitive tape, PSA tape, self-stick tape or sticky tape consists of a pressure-sensitive adhesive coated onto a backing material such as paper, plastic film, cloth, or metal foil. It is sticky (tacky) without any heat or solvent for activation and adheres with light pressure. These tapes usually require a release agent on their backing or a release liner to cover the adhesive. Sometimes, the term "adhesive tape" is used for these tapes.

Many pressure-sensitive adhesive tapes exhibit triboluminescence, observable in a dark room, when peeled off a dispenser roll or other surface.[2][3]

Water activated tape

Water activated tape, gummed paper tape or gummed tape is starch- or sometimes animal glue-based adhesive on a kraft paper backing which becomes sticky when moistened.

A specific type of gummed tape is called reinforced gummed tape (RGT). The backing of this reinforced tape consists of two layers of paper with a cross-pattern of fiberglass filaments laminated between. The laminating adhesive had previously been asphalt but now is more commonly a hot-melt atactic polypropylene.

Gummed tapes are described in ASTM D5749-01(2006)[4] Standard Specification for Reinforced and Plain gummed Tape for Sealing and Securing.

Water activated tape is used for closing and sealing boxes. Before closing corrugated fiberboard boxes, the tape is wetted or remoistened, activated by water. The tape is mostly 3 inch or 7,5 cm wide.

Heat sensitive tape

Heat activated tape is usually tack-free until it is activated by a heat source. It is sometimes used in packaging, for example, a tear strip tape for cigarette packs. Conversely, thermal release tape, such as REVALPHA by Nitto Denko, loses its tack and fully releases when heated to a certain temperature. This is particularly useful in the semiconductor industry.

Drywall tape

Drywall tape is paper, cloth, or mesh, sometimes with a gummed or pressure-sensitive adhesive. It is used to make the joints between sheets of drywall materials.[5]

See also

References

  1. ^ Journal of the American Institute for Conservation, By Merrily A. Smith, Norvell M. M. Jones, II, Susan L. Page and Marian Peck Dirda;JAIC 1984, Volume 23, Number 2, Article 3 (pp. 101 to 113)
  2. ^ http://www.aip.org.au/infos/default/files/cmm/2009/p22.pdf
  3. ^ http://pages.towson.edu/ladon/wg/candywww.htm
  4. ^ http://www.astm.org/Standards/D5749.htm ASTM D5749 - 01(2006) Standard Specification for Reinforced and Plain Gummed Tape for Sealing and Securing
  5. ^ Hedstrom, Gary (2005). How to Fix Everything for Dummies. For Dummies. p. 81.  

External links

  • - Tape X-raysNature
  • FIPAGO - International Federation of Manufacturers of Gummed Paper
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.