Administrative divisions of Bahrain

Bahrain is split into five governorates. These governorates are:

Map Governorate Population (2008) Area (km2)
1. Capital Governorate 290,182 38
2. Central Governorate 303,918 85
3. Muharraq Governorate 169,299 56
4. Northern Governorate 251,660 141
5. Southern Governorate 91,450 438

History

The first municipality in Bahrain was the 8-member Manama municipality which was established in July 1919.[1] Members of the municipality were elected annually; the municipality was said to have been the first municipality to be established in the Arab world.[1] The municipality was in charge of cleaning roads and renting buildings to tenants and shops. By 1929, it undertook road expansions as well as opening markets and slaughterhouses.[1] In 1958, the municipality started water purification projects.[1] In 1960, Bahrain comprised four municipalities including Manama, Hidd, Al Muharraq, and Riffa.[2] Over the next 30 years, the 4 municipalities were divided into 12 municipalities as settlements such as Hamad Town and Isa Town grew.[2] These municipalities were administered from Manama under a central municipal council whose members are appointed by the king.[3]

The first municipal elections to be held in Bahrain after independence in 1971, was in 2002.[4] The most recent was in 2010.

Former municipalities

Bahrain was formerly split into twelve municipalities that were all administered from the capital city of Manama. On July 3, 2002, these were superseded by the five governorates of Bahrain. The following map does not show Hamad Town, which was split off from Rifa and Southern Region in 1991.

Map Former Municipality
1. Al Hidd
2. Manama
3. Western Region
4. Central Region
5. Northern Region
6. Muharraq
7. Rifa and Southern Region
8. Jidd Haffs
9. Hamad Town
10. Isa Town
11. Hawar Islands
12. Sitra

Constituencies

A specific number of adjacent city blocks are grouped together to form an area (listed as area 1, area 2 etc.). Each of these areas forms a constituency in the country's electorate. Every four years, elections are held in these constituencies, with each constituency electing its own MP. The most recent election was in the Bahraini parliamentary by-election in 2011.

Each governorate also has its own municipality council, with separate elections for them.

See also

External links

  • Decree-Law establishing governorates PDF
  • Divisions of Bahrain

References

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