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Administrative divisions of Somalia

This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of

Somalia is officially divided into eighteen (18) administrative regions (gobollada, singular gobol),[1] which in turn are subdivided into ninety (90) districts (plural degmooyin; singular degmo).

On a de facto basis, northern Somalia is now divided up among the autonomous regions of Puntland (which considers itself an autonomous state) and Somaliland (a self-declared but un-recognized sovereign state). In central Somalia, Galmudug is another regional entity that emerged just south of Puntland.[1] For these post-civil war divisions, see States and regions of Somalia.


  • Regions and districts 1
  • Historical divisions 2
    • Pre-independence 2.1
    • Somalia 2.2
  • See also 3
  • References 4

Regions and districts

The official regions of Somalia:[1]1. Lower Juba, 2. Middle Juba, 3. Gedo, 4. Bay, 5. Bakool, 6. Lower Shabele, 7. Banaadir, 8. Middle Shabele, 9. Hiiraan, 10. Galguduud, 11. Mudug, 12. Nugaal, 13. Bari, 14. Sool, 15. Sanaag, 16. Togdheer, 17. Woqooyi Galbeed, 18. Awdal
Awdal Region
Bakool Region
Banaadir Region
Bari Region
Bay Region
Galguduud Region
Gedo Region
Hiran Region
Middle Juba Region
Lower Juba Region
Mudug Region
Nugal Region
Sanaag Region
Middle Shebelle Region
Lower Shebelle Region
Sool Region
Togdheer Region
Woqooyi Galbeed Region

Historical divisions


In 1931, Italian Somaliland consisted of seven commissariats.[2]

  • Alto Giuba
  • Alto Uebi-Scebeli
  • Basso Giuba
  • Basso Uebi-Scebeli
  • Migiurtinia
  • Mogadiscio
  • Mudugh

Following the 1935–36 Second Italo-Abyssinian War, Italian Somaliland became part of Italian East Africa with Abyssinia (Ethiopia) and Eritrea. Italian Somaliland was one of six governorates of the new colony, the Somalia Governorate, and incorporated Somali-inhabited parts of the former Abyssinia. The governorate was subdivided into 10 commissariats, which were themselves divided into residencies.

Following World War II, the Italian-administered Trust Territory of Somalia consisted of six districts.[2]

  • Alto Giuba
  • Basso Giuba
  • Benadir
  • Hiran
  • Migiurtinia
  • Mudugh

The British Somaliland protectorate also consisted of six districts.[2]

  • Berbera
  • Borama
  • Burao
  • Erigavo
  • Hargeisa
  • Las Anod


Upon independence in 1960, the Somali Republic maintained the 12 districts of the former Italian Somaliland and British Somaliland that merged to form the new country.[2] In 1964, a new Northeastern (Burao) Province was established by merging Burao, Erigavo, and Las Anod and a Northwestern (Hargeisa) Province was formed from Berbera, Borama, and Hargeisa districts.[2] In 1968, the capital of Basso Giuba was moved from Kismayo to Jamame. The 8 provinces at this time were:[2]

Province Area(km²) Capital
Benadir 45,004 Mogadishu
Burao 128,000 Burao
Hargeisa 48,000 Hargeisa
Hiran 25,647 Beled Weyne
Lower Juba 49,917 Jamame
Migiurtinia 90,744 Bosaso (Bender Cassim)
Mudug 118,737 Galkayo
Upper Juba 131,492 Baidoa

In 1982, Somalia reorganized from eight provinces into 16 regions.[2] In June 1984, Awdal was split from Woqooyi Galbeed and Sool was split from Nugaal to form the current 18 regions.[2]

See also


  1. ^ a b c "Somalia".  
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h "Regions of Somalia". Statoids. Retrieved 20 February 2011.
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