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Administrative divisions of Weimar Germany

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Title: Administrative divisions of Weimar Germany  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
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Subject: Prussia, Free State of Anhalt, States of the Weimar Republic, Free State of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, Free State of Oldenburg
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Administrative divisions of Weimar Germany

Prior to World War I, the constituent states of the German Empire were 22 smaller monarchies, three city-states and the Imperial territory of Alsace-Lorraine. After the territorial losses of the Treaty of Versailles and the revolution of 1918, the remaining states continued as republics. The former Ernestine duchies continued briefly as republics before merging to form the state of Thuringia in 1920, except for Saxe-Coburg, which became part of Bavaria.

Länder (states, republics)

States of Germany (1925)
State (German name) Capital
Anhalt Dessau
Baden Karlsruhe
Bavaria (Bayern) Munich
Brunswick (Braunschweig) Braunschweig
Hesse (Hessen / Hessen-Darmstadt) Darmstadt
Lippe Detmold
Mecklenburg-Schwerin Schwerin
Mecklenburg-Strelitz Neustrelitz
Oldenburg Oldenburg
Prussia (Preußen) Berlin
Saxe-Coburg (Sachsen-Coburg) – to Bavaria in 1920 Coburg
Saxony (Sachsen) Dresden
Schaumburg-Lippe Bückeburg
Thuringia (Thüringen) – from 1920 Weimar
Waldeck-Pyrmont – to Prussia in 1921/1929 Arolsen
Württemberg Stuttgart
States merged to form Thuringia in 1920
Reuss Gera
Saxe-Altenburg (Sachsen-Altenburg) Altenburg
Saxe-Gotha (Sachsen-Gotha) Gotha
Saxe-Meiningen (Sachsen-Meiningen) Meiningen
Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach (Sachsen-Weimar-Eisenach) Weimar
Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt Rudolstadt
Schwarzburg-Sondershausen Sondershausen

These states were gradually de facto abolished under the Nazi regime via the states of Germany.

Prussian provinces

Provinces of Prussia in the Weimar Republic 1919-1933

After the fall of the German Empire the Kingdom of Prussia was reconstituted with a republican government as the Free State of Prussia. It had to cede virtually all territory belonging to the provinces of Posen and West Prussia to the newly created state of Poland. Prussia and its provinces formally continued to exist even though political control was eventually taken over by the National Socialist German Workers Party following their rise to power in 1933. Both Prussia and Nazi Germany was finally dissolved following the end of World War II in 1945.

Nazi era

Though the Länder and Prussian provinces continued to exist officially after the Enabling Act of 1933, they were adapted to the Nazi party Gaue after 1934, which became their de facto successors.


  • Solsten, Eric (1999). Germany: A Country Study. DIANE Publishing Company.  
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