World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article
 

Agustín V. Zamorano

Agustín Vicente Zamorano
  Governor of Alta California
In office
1832–1833
Preceded by Manuel Victoria
Succeeded by José Figueroa
Personal details
Born 1798
'Spanish' Florida, Viceroyalty of Nueva España
Died 1842
San Diego, Alta California
Spouse(s) María Luisa Argüello
Profession Civil Servant, politician, printer, soldier
Religion Catholic

Agustín Vicente Zamorano (1798 – 1842), was a printer, soldier, and provisional Mexican Governor of Alta California.

Contents

  • History 1
    • Alta California 1.1
      • Governor 1.1.1
      • Printer 1.1.2
      • Later years 1.1.3

History

Agustín Zamorano was born in Spanish Florida to Spanish parents within the Spanish colonial Viceroyalty of New Spain. He entered the newly independent Mexican army May 1, 1821 as a cadet, where he served in Mexico.

Alta California

He then came north in 1825 to the Mexican territory of Alta California, as Secretary of State to Governor José María Echeandía. He served until 1831, during which he would create and print official letterhead, using woodblocks and type, without a printing press.

In February 1827 Zamorano married María Luisa Argüello, daughter of Santiago Argüello, in a noted double wedding in San Diego. His children were Dolores, Luis, Gonzalo, Guadalupe, Josefa, Agustín, and Eulalia. Zamorano participated in the 1831 Mexican Revolution, heading a group of rebels in Monterey, including a number of foreign residents, as Captain of the Monterey Company.

Governor

When Governor Manuel Victoria was exiled from California in January 1832, in the face of revolution from stopping the Mexican government's secularization the Alta California missions and redistribution of the land holdings as land grant ranchos Echeandía remained acting governor until an assembly met in Pueblo de Los Angeles. Pío Pico was chosen governor according to the Plan of San Diego, but officials in Los Angeles refused to recognize him.

Zamorano proceeded to lead a rebellion in northern Alta California, and acting as governor there, with Encheadía acting as governor in southern Alta California. During January 31, 1832 – January 15, 1833, Zamorano served as provisional Governor of Alta California at Monterey in the north, with José María de Echeandía serving at Pueblo de Los Angeles in the south.

When Governor José Figueroa arrived in 1833, Zamorano returned to his former duties as his secretary.

Printer

Zamorano is most noted for being the first person to bring a printing press to California, a wood-frame Ramage press purchased in Boston. He set up a print shop in Monterey in the summer of 1834 and published the first books in California. As secretary to the Mexican Governor, he printed early proclamations of Mexican governors.

The first items issued were a sixteen-page Reglamento (1834) and about a half-dozen broadsides and sheets.

The first book printed was Manifiesto a la Republica Mejicana in 1835. The Manifesto granted amnesty to the people of Alta California after the recent rebellion.

He also offered to provide "equitable prices with gentlemen who may wish to establish any periodical," but nobody took up his offer. In total, he printed eleven broadsides, six books, six miscellaneous works, and numerous letterheads.

The first newspaper wasn't printed until U.S. Commodore Robert F. Stockton found Zamorano's old press and Walter Colton, chaplain of the U.S. frigate Congress and former editor of the Philadelphia North American started the Monterey Californian.

Later years

Capt. Zamorano was the last appointed Commandant of the Presidio of San Diego during 1835-1840, but never assumed command. He was in [[San Diego, California

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.