Ahmad Maher (diplomat)

Ahmad Maher
Minister of Foreign Affairs
In office
2001–2004
Preceded by Amr Moussa
Succeeded by Ahmed Aboul Gheit
Personal details
Born 14 September 1935
Cairo
Died 27 September 2010(2010-09-27) (aged 75)
Nationality Egyptian
Alma mater Cairo University

Ahmad Maher (Arabic: أحمد ماهر‎) (14 September 1935 – 27 September 2010) was an Egyptian diplomat. He served as the foreign minister of Egypt from 2001 to 2004.

Early life and education

Maher was born in Cairo on 14 September 1935.[1] He came from a family of diplomats and politicians.[2] He was the brother of Ambassador Ali Maher[3] and their grandfather, Ahmad Mahir Pasha, was one of the prime ministers of Egypt.[4] He studied law at Cairo University and graduated in 1956.[4]

Career

After graduation Maher joined the foreign ministry in 1957, serving as a junior diplomat in Switzerland (9 February 1959 - 31 August 1963), Congo (5 May 1967 - 24 May 1971) and France (8 August 1974 - 30 September 1977).[3] In addition, he was the national security advisor to the president of Egypt from 1971 to 1974.[5] Next he was named as the head of the foreign minister’s staff.from 1978 to 1980.[5] He was part of the Camp David talks in 1978, where he was assigned to coordinate efforts with the then US secretary of state Henry Kissinger.[2] He also took part in the 1988 talks, leading to the return of Taba to Egyptian control after Israel occupied the town in 1967.[6]

Generally considered an outsider in Egyptian politics, Maher had a distinguished career as a diplomat. Most notably, he was ambassador to the Soviet Union (1 October 1988 - 19 June 1992) as well as ambassador to Portugal (5 September 1980 - 8 November 1982) and Belgium (8 November 1982 - 9 December 1984).[7] In addition, he served as the ambassador in Washington for seven years from 7 July 1992 to 14 September 1999.[3][8] He retired from office in 1999.[8] After retirement, he was named as the director of the Special Arab Aid Fund for Africa (SAAFA) in Cairo, a body of the Arab League, in 2000.[5][9]

He was appointed foreign minister on 15 May 2001, being the 71st figure in the post.[9][10] He succeeded Amr Moussa as foreign minister after Moussa was appointed head of the Arab League.[11] When he was in office many significant events in regard to the Arab world occurred, including the 9/11 attacks on the United States, the US-led 2003 invasion of Iraq and the Israeli-Palestinian conflict.[6] During a visit to Israel as part of Egyptian efforts to relaunch the peace process, Maher was attacked by Palestinian activists in the Al-Aqsa mosque compound in east Jerusalem in December 2003.[12] The Palestinians booed and hurled shoes at him in protest at Egypt's perceived policy of appeasement towards Israel.[11] His term ended in 2004 and Ahmed Aboul Gheit replaced him in the post.[6]

In July 2010, Hosni Mobarak appointed him a member of the parliament's upper house, or Shura Council.[11]

Death

Maher died of a heart attack on 27 September 2010 at the age of 75.[11][13][14]

References

  1. ^ "Ahmed Maher named Egypt's new Foreign Minister attention". Arabic News. 15 May 2001. Retrieved 2 July 2013. 
  2. ^ a b Slaceman, Michael (16 May 2001). "Egypt Names New Foreign Minister". Los Angeles Times (Cairo). Retrieved 2 July 2013. 
  3. ^ a b c "Not a popularity contest". Al Ahram Weekly (534). 17–23 May 2001. Retrieved 2 July 2013. 
  4. ^ a b Luxner, Larry (1 October 1997). "Cairo's man in Washington". The Middle East. Retrieved 2 July 2013. 
  5. ^ a b c Mustafa, Mohamed (27 September 2010). "Former Foreign Minister Ahmed Maher dies". Egypt Independent. Retrieved 2 July 2013. 
  6. ^ a b c "Ahmed Maher: Former Egyptian foreign minister". The Independent. 30 September 2010. Retrieved 2 July 2013. 
  7. ^ Nkrumah, Gamal (16–22 June 2005). "Ahmed Maher: A diplomat and a gentleman".  
  8. ^ a b "Egypt: Former FM dies at 75". Al Bawaba. 28 September 2010. Retrieved 2 July 2013. 
  9. ^ a b "Profile: Ahmed Maher". BBC. 22 December 2003. Retrieved 2 July 2013. 
  10. ^ "Foreign Minister Appointed". APS Diplomat Recorder. 19 May 2001. Retrieved 2 July 2013. 
  11. ^ a b c d "Former Egyptian foreign minister dies at 75". Daily News Egypt. 27 September 2010. Retrieved 2 July 2013. 
  12. ^ James, Ed (23 December 2003). "Egyptian minister attacked in mosque". Daily Post. Retrieved 2 July 2013. 
  13. ^ "Former Egyptian foreign minister dies at 75".  
  14. ^ Dunn, M. Collins (27 September 2010). "Former Egyptian Foreign Minister Ahmed Maher". Middle East Institute. Retrieved 2 July 2013. 
Political offices
Preceded by
Amr Moussa
Foreign Minister of Egypt
2001–2004
Succeeded by
Ahmed Aboul Gheit
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