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Aigio

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Subject: Motorway 8 (Greece), Keryneia, Greece, Eliki, Filodimos, Stavros Vasilantonopoulos
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Aigio

Aigio
Αίγιο
The town of Aigio
The town of Aigio
Aigio is located in Greece
Aigio
Aigio
Coordinates:
Country Greece
Administrative region West Greece
Regional unit Achaea
Municipality Aigialeia
Government
 • Mayor Athanasios Panagopoulos
 • Municipal unit 151.101 km2 (58.340 sq mi)
Elevation 40 m (130 ft)
Highest elevation 40 m (130 ft)
Lowest elevation 0 m (0 ft)
Population (2011[1])
 • Municipal unit 26,523
 • Municipal unit density 180/km2 (450/sq mi)
Community
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postal code 251 00
Area code(s) 2691
Vehicle registration ΑΧ,AZ
Website www.aigialeia.gov.gr
www.aigio.gr

Aigio, also written as Aeghion, Aegion, Aegio, Egio, (Greek: Αίγιο) is a town and a former municipality in Achaea, West Greece, Greece. Since the 2011 local government reform it is part of the municipality Aigialeia, of which it is the seat and a municipal unit.[2] Its population is around 30,000. Aigio is a port town on the Gulf of Corinth.

Contents

  • Geography 1
  • History 2
    • Antiquity 2.1
    • Frankish/Ottoman Era 2.2
    • Modern Era 2.3
  • Landmarks and sights 3
  • Transport 4
  • Infrastructure and economy 5
  • Subdivisions 6
  • Historical population 7
  • Mayors 8
  • Notable people 9
  • Newspapers 10
  • Sporting clubs 11
  • See also 12
  • References 13
  • External links 14

Geography

The southwestern part of the municipality consists of the foothills of the Panachaiko mountain. The river Selinountas flows into the Gulf of Corinth in Valimitika, 5 km east of Aigio town centre. The town centre is immediately on the coast, between the ferry port and the railway station. Fishermen bring their catches from a night of fishing into the markets every morning. Sites of interest include a Mycenean house dating back to ancient times, located near the cliffs. There is a hospital southwest of the town centre. Residential houses surround the city and flourish in the western part of Aigio, making it a popular destination for Athenians and others alike. Orange and lemon trees grow in most yards, and irrigation from small, open canals keeps the city greener than most.

History

Antiquity

Before the founding of the city, the area had a Neolithic settlement. The city of Aigion was founded during Homeric times and became part of the first Achaean League since around 800 BC. The city had several Olympic winners including Xenophon, Ladas (stadion race), Athenodorus (Αθηνόδωρος) (stadion race), Straton (Στράτων) (pancration and wrestling). After the disaster of Helike, which was destroyed by an earthquake and buried by a tsunami in 373 BC, Aigion took the territory of the neighbouring city. The ruins of Helike (sometimes called "The Lost Atlantis") were discovered in 2000 off the coast in the Corinthian Gulf and archeologists are excavating the site.[3]

From 330 BC Aigion was for fifty years under the Kingdom of Macedon, but around the year 275 BC the people expelled the Macedonian garrison and the city joined the new Achaean League. With the famous temple of Zeus Homarios, Aigion became the Achaean assembly place and remained their capital until the Roman conquest in 146 BC. After the annexation of Achaia, the Romans removed the wall of the city and Aegium lost its importance.

After the division of the Roman Empire in 395 AD, Aegium became a part of the Eastern Roman Empire and later the Byzantine Empire. After the Slavic invasions of the 7th century it was renamed Vostitsa (Βοστίτσα). The origin of this name is the Old Church Slavonic word vosta or vostan which meant the city of gardens or the garden city.

Frankish/Ottoman Era

Andreas Londos destroys 3000 ennemies near Vostitsa by Peter von Hess.

It was captured by the Crusaders in the early 13th century and became the seat of a barony of the Principality of Achaea. In the early 15th century, it was conquered by the Despotate of the Morea, and in 1459 was conquered by the Ottoman Empire, who ruled it, with brief interruptions by the Venetians from 1463 until 1470 and from 1685 until 1715, until the outbreak of the Greek War of Independence. It was captured by the Greek rebels on 26 March 1821, becoming the first town to be liberated. After Greek Independence, the town was officially renamed to its ancient name.

Modern Era

On June 15, 1995, a serious earthquake destroyed many buildings and damaged roads in the downtown and southwestern sections,[4] with a number of casualties. The earthquake shattered Aigio: small memorials are found throughout the city, with candles aglow day and night to remember the victims. The mountainous countryside near Aigio was severely damaged by the 2007 Greek forest fires.[5]

Landmarks and sights

The sacred shrine of Panagia Trypiti.
Faneromeni church, designed by Ernst Ziller.
The Heroon. The inscription reads an epigram of Tyrtaeus.
Panagiotopoulos mansion.
Old mansion.
  • One of the most notable attractions of Aigio is the church of Panagia Tripiti. It is a national sacred shrine dedicated to the Mother of God the Life Giving Spring. It is built on a steep cliff almost 30 meters high, near to sea, in a beautiful landscape full of cypresses and pine trees.
  • The church of Panagia Faneromeni which is the cathedral of Aigio and it is the work of architect Ernst Ziller. The interior is decorated with paintings of Constantine Fanelis.
  • The Archaeological Museum of Aigio which originally housed the municipal market of Aigio.It is a work of the famous architect Ernst Ziller and it was built in 1890.

Transport

Until May 2011 there used to be a ferry service from the port of Aigio to the north-eastern mainland city of OSE announced the suspension of all the rail service in the Peloponnese on January 2011. The city can be accessed by Greek National Road 8A (Patras - Corinth) and Greek National Road 31 (Aigio - Kalavryta).

Infrastructure and economy

Aigio, along with Patras and Piraeus, was one of the main export hubs for Corinthian raisins since the 19th century.[9][10] Today the port is used as a fruit import hub for Chiquita Brands International mainly for import of bananas.[11] A new 256 m long pier northwest of the existing port was inaugurated on 7 August 2013. The whole project cost 8.6 million Euros and is intended to enhance trade and tourism opportunities for the city. [12][13] Aigio houses two branch departments of the Technological Educational Institute of Patras, the department of Physiotherapy and the Optics and Optometry department.[14] The General Hospital of Aigio is situated a few kilometres out of the town and has a capacity of 100 beds.The Hospital performs the greatest number of Laparoscopic surgeries in Greece while more than 50,000 people are examined on a yearly basis.[15]

Subdivisions

The municipal unit Aigio is subdivided into the following communities (constituent villages in brackets):

Historical population

Year Municipal district Municipality
1981 20,955 -
1991 22,178 28,903
2001 21,255 27,741
2011 20,664 26,523[16]

Mayors

Notable people

Newspapers

Sporting clubs

Emblem of Panegialios

See also

References

  1. ^ Hellenic Statistical Authority, Population Census 2011,Results of the Resident Population down to the level of Municipality
  2. ^ Kallikratis law Greece Ministry of Interior (Greek)
  3. ^ "Echoes of Atlantis" Iain Stewart, The Guardian, Thursday 26 October 2000 http://www.guardian.co.uk/science/2000/oct/26/technology
  4. ^ Journal of Geodynamics Vol. 26, Issues 2-4, 1998, Pages 487-499 "Egio earthquake (15 June 1995): An episode in the neotectonic evolution of Corinthiakos Gulf"
  5. ^ "Greek fires blamed on 'culture of arson'" The Telegraph, World News 29 Aug 2007 http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/1561542/Greek-fires-blamed-on-culture-of-arson.html
  6. ^ http://www.thebest.gr/news/index/viewStory/64965
  7. ^ http://www.athensnews.gr/portal/6/36472
  8. ^ http://www.naftemporiki.gr/news/cstory.asp?id=1913285
  9. ^ Athens News article 10 October 2010 - Hidden history: Of currants and crisis
  10. ^ Aigio - Greek Travel Pages
  11. ^ Συνέντευξη με το διευθύνοντα σύμβουλο της Chicuita Hellas
  12. ^ Aigio port authority - Construction of new pier(in Greek)
  13. ^ Delivery of the new port (in greek)
  14. ^ TEI of Patras -Department of Optics website
  15. ^ General Hospital of Aigio - Official website
  16. ^ Hellenic Statistical Authority, Announcement of the results of the 2011 Population Census for the Resident Population

External links

  • Official website of the municipal unit of Aigio (in Greek)
  • Official website of the municipality of Aigialeia (in Greek)
  • Aigio Port Authority (in Greek)
  • General Hospital of Aigio
  • Tourist guide of Aigialeia (in English)
  • The directory of the city of Aigio (Greek)
  • Blog regarding the city of Aigio (in Greek)
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