World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article
 

Akusekijima

Akusekijima
Native name: Japanese: 悪石島
View from the ferry "TOSHIMA". May, 2007
Geography
Location East China Sea
Coordinates

29°27′06″N 129°36′04″E / 29.45167°N 129.60111°E / 29.45167; 129.60111

Archipelago Tokara Islands
Area 7.49 km2 (2.892 sq mi)
Length 3.2 km (1.99 mi)
Width 2.5 km (1.55 mi)
Coastline 12.64 km (7.854 mi)
Highest elevation 584 m (1,916 ft)
Highest point Midake
Country
Japan
Demographics
Population 59 (as of 2004)
Ethnic groups Japanese

Akusekijima (悪石島?), is one of the Tokara Islands, a sub-group of the Satsunan Islands belonging to Kagoshima Prefecture, Japan. The island, 7.42 km² in area, has a population of 59 persons. The island can only be reached by boat as it has no airport, there is a ferry service twice per week to the city of Kagoshima on the mainland. Travel time is about 10 hours. The islanders are dependent mainly on fishing and seasonal tourism.

Geography

Akusekijima is located 38 kilometres (21 nmi) southwest of Nakanoshima. The island has an area of approximately 7.49 square kilometres (2.89 sq mi) with a length of about 3.2 kilometres (2.0 mi) and a width of 2.5 kilometres (1.6 mi).Most of the island is surrounded by steep cliffs.

The island is an andesitedacite stratovolcano formed by two summit crater, Biroyama (ビロ山?) 355.5 metres (1,166 ft) and Nakadake (中岳?). 464 metres (1,522 ft). Mitake (御岳山?) 584 metres (1,916 ft), the highest elevation on the island, is a lava dome. Lava flows in the northern portion of the island have been dated to 80,000 years ago. There has been no volcanic activity in historic times.

Its climate is classified as subtropical, with a rainy season from May through September.

History

Until 1624, the island was part of the Ryukyu Kingdom. During the Edo period, Takarajima was part of Satsuma Domain and was administered as part of Kawabe District. In 1896, the island was transferred to the administrative control of Ōshima District, Kagoshima, and from 1911 was part of the village of Toshima, Kagoshima. From 1946-1952, the island was administered by the United States as part of the Provisional Government of Northern Ryukyu Islands.

During World War II, on 22 August 1944, Tsushima Maru, a Japanese passenger/cargo ship, was sunk just outside Akusekijima’s northwest coast by torpedoes launched by the submarine USS Bowfin (SS-287) off this island, killing 1,484 civilians including 767 schoolchildren. Annual commemorations are held on the island and there is also a memorial museum.

Akusekijima drew attention during the Solar eclipse of July 22, 2009, which was the longest total solar eclipse of the twenty-first century, as the island was one of the closest inhabited areas to the location of maximum eclipse duration. Touted as was one of the best observation spots for the event, village officials and island residents were concerned about playing host to hundreds of people coming to view the solar eclipse. Akusekijima only has five small minshuku guesthouses, which can only accommodate up to 66 people, and water resources are limited as rainfall is the primary source of water.

Culture

Akusekijima is also famous for the masked god Boze (ボゼ?), the island deity. Islanders donning Boze masks come out during the annual lunar O-Bon matsuri. Protectors of the island and its natural assets, the Boze frighten small children to ensure their safety for the coming year.

References

  • National Geospatial Intelligence Agency (NGIA). Prostar Sailing Directions 2005 Japan Enroute. Prostar Publications (2005). ISBN 1577856511

External links

  • Official home page
  • Global Volcanism Program

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.