World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Albert Frederick, Duke of Prussia

Article Id: WHEBN0000003235
Reproduction Date:

Title: Albert Frederick, Duke of Prussia  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Albert, Duke of Prussia, John Sigismund, Elector of Brandenburg, Maria Eleonora of Brandenburg, Jacob Kettler, Frederick William, Elector of Brandenburg
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Albert Frederick, Duke of Prussia

Albert Frederick
Duke of Prussia
Reign 1568–1618
Predecessor Albert
Successor John Sigismund
Born (1553-05-07)7 May 1553
Königsberg
Died 28 August 1618(1618-08-28) (aged 65)
Fischhausen
Spouse Marie Eleonore of Cleves
Issue Anna, Duchess of Prussia
Marie, Margravine of Brandenburg-Bayreuth
Duke Albert Frederick
Sophie, Duchess of Courland
Eleonore, Electress of Brandenburg
Prince Wilhelm
Magdalene Sibylle, Electress of Saxony
House House of Hohenzollern
Father Albert of Prussia
Mother Anna Marie of Brunswick-Lüneburg

Albert Frederick German: Albrecht Friedrich, Polish: Albrecht Fryderyk; 7 May 1553 in Königsberg – 28 August 1618 in Fischhausen (Rybaki) was Duke of Prussia from 1568 until his death. He was a son of Albert of Prussia and Anna Marie of Brunswick-Lüneburg. He was the second and last Prussian duke of the Ansbach branch of the Hohenzollern family.

Duke of Prussia

Albert became Duke of Prussia after paying feudal homage to the King of Poland, Zygmunt August (Ducal Prussia was a fief of Poland), on July 19, 1569 in Lublin.[1] The homage was described by the Polish chronicler Jan Kochanowski in his work Proporzec ("Standard"). During the 1573 Polish election, Albert Frederick attempted to gain acceptance to the Polish senate but was opposed by the powerful Jan Zamoyski (later Grand Hetman of the Crown of the Kingdom of Poland) who feared the influence of Protestants in the Polish legislative body. Albert Frederick initially refused to recognize the election of Stefan Bathory and supported the candidacy of Maximilian of Habsburg. However, at the Toruń sejm of October 1576 he gave his support to the new monarch.

As the great grandson of the Polish king Casimir IV Jagiellon, and as a Duke in Prussia who was fluent in Polish, Albert Frederick was seriously considered for a time as a possible candidate for the Polish throne. He particularly enjoyed the support of Polish Lutherans.

In 1572 he began to exhibit signs of mental disorder. In early 1578, the regency was taken over by his cousin, Sigismund III Vasa appointed Joachim Frederick as regent in 1605, and permitted his son, John Sigismund, to succeed him in 1611. The latter became Duke of Prussia after Albert Frederick's death in 1618.[2]

Marriage

Albert Frederick was married in 1573 to Marie Eleonore of Cleves, a daughter of Wilhelm, Duke of Jülich-Cleves-Berg and Archduchess Maria of Austria (1531–1581). Maria was a daughter of Ferdinand I, Holy Roman Emperor and Anna of Bohemia and Hungary.

Issue

Albert Frederick and Marie were parents to seven children:

  1. Anna of Prussia (3 July 1576 – 30 August 1625). Married John Sigismund, Elector of Brandenburg.
  2. Marie of Prussia (23 January 1579 – 21 February 1649). Married Christian, Margrave of Brandenburg-Bayreuth.
  3. Albert Frederick of Prussia (1 June – 8 October 1580).
  4. Sophie of Prussia (31 March 1582 – 4 December 1610). Married Wilhelm Kettler of Courland.
  5. Eleanor of Prussia (22 August 1583 – 31 March/9 April 1607). Married Joachim Frederick, Elector of Brandenburg.
  6. Wilhelm of Prussia (23 June 1585 – 18 January 1586).
  7. John George I, Elector of Saxony.

At his death, the duchy passed to his son-in-law John Sigismund, Margrave of Brandenburg, combining the two territories under a single dynasty and forming Brandenburg-Prussia.

Ancestors

References

  1. ^
  2. ^
Albert Frederick, Duke of Prussia
Born: 7 May 1553 Died: 28 August 1618
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Albert
Duke of Prussia
1568–1618
Succeeded by
John Sigismund
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.