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AlphaServer

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AlphaServer

AlphaServer 2000 running Red Hat Linux
AlphaServer 2100A

AlphaServer was the name given to a series of server computers, produced from 1994 onwards by Digital Equipment Corporation, and later by Compaq and HP. As the name suggests, the AlphaServers were based on the DEC Alpha 64-bit microprocessor. Supported operating systems for AlphaServers are Tru64 UNIX (formerly Digital UNIX), OpenVMS, MEDITECH MAGIC[1] and Windows NT (on earlier systems, with AlphaBIOS ARC firmware), while enthusiasts have provided alternative operating systems such as Linux, NetBSD, OpenBSD and FreeBSD.

Some AlphaServer models were rebadged in white enclosures as Digital Servers for the Windows NT server market. These so-called "white box" models comprised the following:

  • Digital Server 3300/3305: rebadged AlphaServer 800
  • Digital Server 5300/5305: rebadged AlphaServer 1200
  • Digital Server 7300/7305/7310: rebadged AlphaServer 4100

As part of the roadmap to phase out Alpha-, MIPS- and PA-RISC-based systems in favor of Itanium-based systems at HP, the most recent AlphaServer systems reached their end of general availability on 27 April 2007. The availability of upgrades and options was discontinued on 25 April 2008, approximately one year after the systems were discontinued. Support for the most recent AlphaServer systems, the DS15A, DS25, ES45, ES47, ES80 and GS1280 is being provided by HP Services as of 2008. These systems are scheduled to reach end of support sometime during 2012, although HP has stated that this event may be delayed.[2]

Contents

  • Models 1
    • Avanti Family 1.1
    • Sable Family 1.2
    • Mikasa Family 1.3
    • Noritake Family 1.4
    • Rawhide Family 1.5
    • Turbolaser Family 1.6
    • Lynx Family 1.7
    • Tsunami Family 1.8
    • Titan Family 1.9
    • Wildfire Family 1.10
    • AlphaServer SC 1.11
    • Marvel Family 1.12
  • References 2
  • See also 3
  • External links 4

Models

In approximate chronological order, the following AlphaServer models were produced:

Avanti Family

Model Code name # of
CPUs
CPU CPU
MHz
B-cache Chipset Max. Memory Expansion Enclosure Introduced Discontinued
200 4/100 Mustang 1 21064
(EV4)
100 512 KB 21071 8 to 384 MB 1 PCI
1 or 2 PCI/ISA
1 ISA
Desktop ? ?
4/166 166 ? ?
4/233 21064A
(EV45)
233 ? ?
400 4/166 Mustang S 1 21064
(EV4)
166 512 KB 21071 8 to 384 MB
(6x 72-pin SIMMs, 3 banks)
2 PCI
1 PCI/ISA
3 ISA
Mini-tower ? ?
4/233 21064A
(EV45)
233 ? ?
300 4/266 Melmac 1 21064A
(EV45)
266 2 MB ? 512 MB
(8x 72-pin SIMMs, 2 banks)
1 PCI
1 PCI/ISA
1 ISA
Desktop
or
rackmount
? ?

Sable Family

Model Code name # of
CPUs
CPU CPU
MHz
B-cache Chipset Memory Expansion Enclosure Introduced Discontinued
2100 4/200 Sable 1, 2, 3 or 4 21064
(EV4)
200 1 MB / CPU ? 2 GB
(1 GB if 4 CPU)
3 PCI,
8 EISA
Pedestal or rack ? ?
4/233 Sable45 21064A
(EV45)
233 1 MB / CPU ? ? ?
4/275 275 4 MB / CPU ? ? ?
5/250 Gamma-Sable 21164
(EV5)
250 4 MB / CPU ? ? ?
5/300 291 ? ? ?
5/375 21164A
(EV56)
375 ? ? ?
2000 4/200 Demi-Sable 1 or 2 21064
EV4
190 1 MB / CPU ? 640 MB 3 PCI,
7 EISA,
1 PCI/EISA
Pedestal ? ?
4/233 Demi-Sable45 21064A
(EV45)
233 1 MB / CPU ? 1 GB 3 PCI,
7 EISA
? ?
4/275 275 4 MB / CPU ? ? ?
5/250 Demi-Gamma 21164
(EV5)
250 4 MB / CPU ? ? ?
5/300 291 ? ? ?
5/375 21164A
(EV56)
375 4 or 8 MB / CPU ? ? ?

The AlphaServer 2100 was briefly sold as the Digital 2100 before the AlphaServer brand was introduced.

Mikasa Family

Model Code name # of
CPUs
CPU CPU
MHz
B-cache Chipset Memory Expansion Enclosure Introduced Discontinued
1000 4/200 Mikasa 1 21064 (EV4) 200 2 MB ? 512 MB 2 PCI,
1 PCI/EISA,
7 EISA
Pedestal
or
rackmount
? ?
4/233 Mikasa+ 21064A
(EV45)
233 ? ? 1995 ?
4/266 266 ? 1 GB
(20× 72-pin SIMMs, 4 banks)
? ?
5/300 Mikasa-Pinnacle 21164
(EV5)
300 ? ? ?

^1 Each bank contained five SIMMs. The initial four SIMMs were used for data; the fifth SIMM was used for ECC.

Noritake Family

Model Code name # of
CPUs
CPU CPU
MHz
B-cache Chipset Memory Expansion Enclosure Introduced Discontinued
1000A 4/233 Noritake 1 21064A
(EV45)
233 2 MB ? 1 GB
(20x 72-pin SIMMs, 4 banks)
7 PCI
2 ISA
Pedestal
or
rackmount
? ?
4/266 266 ? ? ?
5/300 Noritake-Pinnacle 21164 (EV5) 300 ? ? ?
5/333 333 ? ? ?
5/400 Noritake-Primo 21164A
(EV56)
400 ? ? ?
5/500 500 8 MB ? 1997-04-14[3] ?
800 5/333 Corelle 1 21164A
(EV56)
333 2 MB ? 2 GB
(8x ECC EDO DIMMs, 2 banks)
3 PCI
2 EISA
1 PCI-X/EISA
Mini-tower (can be converted to rackmount) 1997-04-14[3] ?
5/400 400 ? ?
5/500 500 ? 1997-10-27[4] ?

^1 5 modules per bank, 5th module used for ECC, later 1000A 5/500 systems have 16 slots, 4 modules with ECC per bank

Rawhide Family

Model Code name # of
CPUs
CPU CPU
MHz
B-cache / CPU Chipset Memory Expansion Enclosure Introduced Discontinued
4000 5/300 Wrangler/Durango Up to two 21164
(EV5)
300 2 MB ? 4 GB 8-16 PCI
(including 3 shared PCI/EISA)
Pedestal/rackmount 1996-09-04[5] ?
5/400 21164A
(EV56)
400 4 MB ? ?
5/466 466 4 MB ? ? ?
5/533 533 4 MB ? 1997-10-27[4] ?
5/600 600 8 MB ? ? ?
4100 5/300E Dodge Up to four 21164
(EV5)
300 None Custom 32 MB to 8 GB 5 PCI,
3 PCI/EISA
Pedestal/rackmount ? ?
5/300 300 2 MB ? ?
5/400 21164A
(EV56)
400 4 MB ? ?
5/466 466 ? ?
5/533 533 ? ?
5/600 600 8 MB ? ?
1200 5/400 Tincup Up to two 21164A
(EV56)
400 4 MB / proc. ? 4 GB 4 PCI-X,
1 PCI,
1PCI-X/EISA
Pedestal 1997-10-27[4] ?
5/533 533 ? ?

Turbolaser Family

Model Code name # of
CPUs
CPU CPU
MHz
B-cache / CPU Chipset Memory Expansion Enclosure Introduced Discontinued
8200 5/300 TurboLaser 2 to 6 EV5 300 4 MB Custom
ASICs
12 GB 132 PCI slots,
8 EISA slots
19" rack 1995-04-11 ?
5/350 350 ? ?
5/440 EV56 437 4 MB ? ?
5/625 612 ? ?
8400 5/300 TurboLaser Up to 14 EV5 300 4 MB Custom
ASICs
28 GB 144 PCI,
8 EISA,
XMI
Cabinet 1995-04-11 ?
5/350 350 ? ?
5/440 EV56 437 4 MB ? ?
5/625 612 ? ?
GS60 6/525 TL6 2 to 8 EV6 525 4 MB ? 12 GB 132 PCI,
8 EISA
19" rack 1998-10-19[6] ?
6/700 EV67 700 8 MB ? 1999-11-11 ?
GS60E 6/525 TL6 2 to 6
(later 8)
EV6 525 4 MB ? 12 GB 132 PCI,
8 EISA
19" rack 1999-07-19 ?
6/700 EV67 700 8 MB ? 1999-11-11 ?
GS140 6/525 TL6 2 to 14 EV6 525 4 MB ? 28 GB 144 PCI,
8 EISA,
24 XMI
Cabinet 1998-10-19[6] ?
6/700 EV67 700 8 MB ? 1999-11-11 ?

Lynx Family

Model Code name # of
CPUs
CPU CPU
MHz
B-cache Chipset Memory Expansion Enclosure Introduced Discontinued
2000A Demi-Lynx (EV45),
Demi-Gamma-Lynx (EV5)
Up to two EV45, EV5 or EV56 233, 250, 275, 300, 375, 400 ? ? ? ? Pedestal ? ?
2100A 4/275 Lynx Up to 4 21064A
(EV45)
275 4 MB ? 2 GB, 1 GB for 4 CPU 8 PCI,
3 EISA
Pedestal ? ?
5/250 Gamma-Lynx 21164
(EV5)
250 4 MB ? ? ?
5/300 300 ? ? ?
5/375 375 8 MB ? ? ?

Tsunami Family

Model Code name # of
CPUs
CPU CPU
MHz
B-cache Chipset Memory Expansion Enclosure Introduced Discontinued
DS10 6/466 WebBrick 1 EV6 466 2 MB ? 2 GB 3 PCI-X,
1 PCI
desktop 1999-05-10 ?
67/600 EV67 600 2 MB ? ? ?
DS10L 6/466 Slate 1 EV6 466 2 MB ? 1 GB 1 PCI-X rackmount (1U) ? ?
6/600 EV67 600 2 MB ? ? ?
DS20 6/500 Goldrush Up to 2 21264 (EV6) 500 4 MB ? 4 GB 5PCI-X,
1 PCI-X/ISA
pedestal/rackmount ? ?
DS20E 6/500 Goldrack Up to 2 EV6 500 4 MB ? 4 GB 5PCI-X,
1 PCI-X/ISA
pedestal/rackmount ? ?
6/667 EV67 667 8 MB ? ? ?
68/833 EV68AL 833 8 MB ? 2001-07-16 ?
DS20L 68/833 Shark 2 EV68AL 833 4 MB 21271(Tsunami) 2 GB 2 PCI-X Rackmount (1U) 2001-07-16 ?
ES40 6/500 Clipper Up to 4 EV6 500 4 MB ? Model 1: 16 GB
Model 2: 32 GB
Model 1: 6 PCI-X
Model 2: 10 PCI-X
pedestal/rackmount ? ?
6/667 EV67 667 8 MB ? ? ?
68/833 EV68AL 833 8 MB ? 2001-02-12 ?

Titan Family

Model Code name # of
CPUs
CPU CPU
MHz
B-cache Chipset Memory Expansion Enclosure Introduced Discontinued
DS15 68/1000 HyperBrick 1 EV68CB 1000 2 MB ? 4 GB 4 PCI-X 33 MHz or
2 PCI-X 66 MHz
Tower 2003-10-20 2007-04-27
DS25 68/1000 Granite Up to 2 EV68CB 1000 8 MB ? 16 GB 6 PCI-X Tower/5U Rackmount 2002-08-04[7] ?
ES45 68/1000 Privateer Up to 4 EV68CB 1000 8 MB ? 1: Up to 16 GB
2: Up to 32 GB
1: AGP 4x, 6 PCI-X
2: 10 PCI-X
Pedestal/8U rackmount, tower ? ?
68/1250 1250 16 MB ? 2002-08-04[7] ?

Wildfire Family

Model Code name # of CPUs CPU CPU MHz B-cache Chipset Memory Expansion Enclosure Introduced Discontinued
GS80 Wildfire Model 4:
2 to 4
Model 8:
2 to 8
21264A
(EV67)
731 4 MB Custom Up to 64 GB 33 MHz PCI-X:
Up to 16 buses,
56 slots
Rack ? ?
21264C
(EV68CB)
1001 4, 8 MB ? ?
1224 4, 8, 16 MB 2002-08-04[7] ?
GS160 Wildfire Model 8:
2 to 8
Model 16:
2 to 16
21264A
(EV67)
731 4 MB Custom Up to 128 GB 33 MHz PCI-X:
Up to 32 buses,
112 slots
Rack(s) ? ?
21264C
(EV68CB)
1001 4, 8 MB ? ?
1224 4, 8, 16 MB 2002-08-04[7] ?
GS320 Wildfire Model 24:
2 to 24
Model 32:
2 to 32
21264A
(EV67)
731 4 MB Custom Up to 256 GB 33 MHz PCI-X:
Up to 64 buses,
224 slots
Rack(s) ? ?
21264C
(EV68CB)
1001 4, 8 MB ? ?
1224 4, 8, 16 MB 2002-08-04[7] ?

AlphaServer SC

Model Code name # of
CPUs
CPU CPU
MHz
B-cache Chipset Max. Memory Expansion Enclosure Introduced Discontinued
SC20 68/833 ? 8 to 256 21264B
EV68AL
833 2 MB ? 2 GB/node 2 PCI-X Rack(s) ? ?
SC40 67/667 Sierra 16 to 512 21264A
EV67
667 8 MB ? 24 GB/node 10 PCI-X Rack(s) ? ?
SC40 68/833 21264B
EV68AL
833 ? ? ?
SC45 68/1250 Sierra 16 to 4096 21264C
EV68CB
1250 16 MB ? 32 GB/node 10 PCI-X Rack(s) ? ?

The AlphaServer SC was a supercomputer constructed from a set of individual DS20L, ES40 or ES45 servers (called "nodes") mounted in racks. Every node was connected to every other node using a Quadrics elan3 interconnect and the systems were designed and used primarily for high-performance technical computing. An AlphaServer SC45 supercomputer was still ranked #6 in the world as late as November 2004.[8]

Marvel Family

Model Code name # of
CPUs
CPU CPU MHz Scache Chipset Memory Expansion Enclosure Introduced Discontinued
ES47
Tower
? 2 21364
(EV7)
1000 1.75 MB On-die Up to 16 GB 1 4× AGP
1 133 MHz PCI-X
4 66 MHz PCI-X
Tower 2003-01-20 2007-04-27
1150 2004-08-16
ES47 Marvel 2P 2 to 4 21364
(EV7)
1000 1.75 MB On-die Up to 32 GB Up to 4 4× AGP
32 PCI-X
4U or 8U
rackmount
2003-01-20 2007-04-27
1150 2004-08-16
ES80 Marvel 4x2P 2 to 8 21364
(EV7)
1000 1.75 MB On-die Up to 64 GB Up to 8 4× AGP
64 PCI-X
Rack 2003-01-20 2007-04-27
1150 2004-08-16
GS1280 Marvel 8P 2 to 64 21364
(EV7)
1150 1.75 MB On-die Up to 512 GB Up to
64 4× AGP
512 PCI-X
192 PCI
Rack(s) 2003-01-20 2007-04-27
21364
(EV7z)
1300 2004-08-16

The AlphaServer GS1280 originally supported a maximum of 16 microprocessors. In October 2003, the number of microprocessors supported was increased to 64 and the supported memory capacity was doubled to 8 GB per microprocessor.

References

  1. ^ ftp://www.hp.com/pub/alphaserver/archive/DECinfo/info_3/infosheet/MEDITECH_MAGIC_on_the_Compaq_06may1999LIW0LIPF.pdf "Compaq MEDITECH MAGIC Brochure 06 may 1999"
  2. ^ Ann McQuaid. "Dear Valued AlphaServer Customer", April 28, 2007. Hewlett-Packard Company.
  3. ^ a b Davis, Jim (1997-04-14). "Digital makes servers available". CNET News".
  4. ^ a b c Davis, Jim (1997-10-27). "Digital has new Alpha, Intel servers". CNET News.
  5. ^ Davis, Jim (1996-09-04). "DEC: more power, less money". CNET News.
  6. ^ a b Shankland, Stephen (1998-10-19). "Compaq rolls out Alpha server". CNET News.
  7. ^ a b c d e ComputerWire (2002-08-04). "HP refreshes midrange PA, Alpha servers". The Register.
  8. ^ www.top500.org Top 10 Supercomputing Sites, November 2004
  • AlphaServer GS80, GS160, and GS320 Systems Technical Summary. Hewlett-Packard Company.

See also

  • CHARON-AXP: AlphaServer virtualization solution in the Stromasys Charon (software) family, available for Windows, Linux, and Barebone
  • AlphaVM: an emulator of a full DEC Alpha system running on Windows or Linux

External links

  • HP AlphaServer range
  • DIGITAL Product Catalogue Winter 1997, Digital Equipment International, 1997.
  • Compaq Alpha System and Model Code Names (at archive.org)
  • FreeBSD/alpha 6.1 Hardware Notes
  • About NetBSD/alpha
  • The OpenBSD/alpha port
  • Debian Alpha system types
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