World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Ambelau people

Article Id: WHEBN0029456298
Reproduction Date:

Title: Ambelau people  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Ethnic groups in Indonesia, Ambelau, Fayu people, Lani people, Dayak Mualang
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Ambelau people

Ambelau people
Ambelay
Total population
8,260[1]
Regions with significant populations
Maluku Islands (Ambelau, Buru), Indonesia
Languages
Ambelau language, Indonesian language
Religion
Islam (predominantly), Christianity
Related ethnic groups
Lisela people, Kayeli people

The Ambelau (Indonesian: Suku Ambelau) people are an ethnic group who form the majority of the population of the Indonesian island of Ambelau. They also live on nearby island Buru and other islands. By ethnography, Ambelau are close to most indigenous peoples of Buru island. They number about 8,260, and speak Ambelau language.[2][3]

Ambelau people form a majority on Ambelau and each of its settlements and they inhabit the coastal areas of the island.[4] The largest Ambelau community outside Ambelau island is the village of Wae Tawa (700 people) south-east of Buru. Its members maintain their ethnic identity and keep cultural, social and economic ties with Ambelau island. Ambelau minorities also live in other parts of Buru, on Ambon and other Maluku Islands and in Jakarta.[4][5] During the Dutch colonization in the first half of the 17th century, most Ambelau people were forced to move to Buru to work on the Dutch spice plantations.[2]

The nation speaks Ambelau language, which belongs to the Central Maluku branch of the Malayo-Polynesian languages.[6] Most of Ambelau people also speak Indonesian or the Ambon dialect of Malay language (Melayu Ambon), which is a simplified Indonesian language with additions of the local lexicon.[2] The vast majority are Sunni Muslims with a small fraction of Christians, and remnants of traditional local beliefs.[4]

Most Ambelau people are engaged in farming. The mountainous terrain of Ambelau island hinders cultivation of rice, which is the major crop of the region, and therefore maize, sago, sweet potato, cocoa, coco, allspice and nutmeg are grown instead in the coastal areas. Some residents of Ambelau work at the sago plantation on Buru.[2] Hunting the wild pig Buru babirusa is common, but tuna fishing is mostly localized to the villages of Massawa and Ulima. Traditional Buru houses are made from bamboo, often on stilts. The roofs are covered with palm leaves or reeds, with tiles becoming progressively popular.[4] National Buru costume is similar that of most other Indonesia peoples. Men wear sarong (a kind of kilt) and a long-skirted tunic, and women are dressed in sarong and a shorter jacket. The specificity of Ambelau clothing is the preference of red color in holiday attire, which also includes hats of peculiar shape – a peaked cap with a plume for men and dressing with panache for women.[7]

References

  1. ^ "Ambelau people in Indonesia".  
  2. ^ a b c d М. А. Членов. Амбелаунцы (in Russian). Encyclopedia of peoples and religions of the world. 
  3. ^
  4. ^ a b c d "Local knowledge and fisheries management" (PDF). Center for Coastal and Marine Resources Studies, Bogor Agricultural University. 
  5. ^  
  6. ^
  7. ^ "Ambelau". Ohio University. 


This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.