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American Airlines Flight 625

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Title: American Airlines Flight 625  
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Subject: Aviation accidents and incidents in 1976, Indian Airlines Flight 171, EgyptAir Flight 864, Olympic Airways Flight 830, SAETA Flight 232
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American Airlines Flight 625

American Airlines Flight 625
An American Airlines Boeing 727-100 similar to the aircraft involved in the accident. [1]
Accident summary
Date April 27, 1976
Summary Pilot error
Site St. Thomas, U.S. Virgin Islands
Passengers 81
Crew 7
Injuries (non-fatal) 39 (1 on the ground)
Fatalities 37
Survivors 51
Aircraft type Boeing 727-23
Operator American Airlines
Registration N1963
Flight origin T. F. Green Airport, Providence, Rhode Island
Stopover John F. Kennedy International Airport, New York City, New York
Destination Harry S. Truman Airport, Saint Thomas, U.S. Virgin Islands

American Airlines Flight 625, a Boeing 727-100, crashed at St. Thomas, U.S. Virgin Islands on April 27, 1976, while on a domestic scheduled passenger flight originating at T. F. Green Airport in Rhode Island and ending at Saint Thomas, United States Virgin Islands with an intermediate stop at John F. Kennedy International Airport.

The American Airlines Boeing 727-23, registration N1963,[1] overran the departure end of Runway 9 when landing at the Harry S Truman airport. The aircraft struck an Instrument Landing System antenna, crashed through a chain link fence, and traveled another 1,040 feet (320 m) until stopped by a gas station. The aircraft was destroyed.

The airport at St. Thomas was notorious among pilots for its short (4,658 ft) runway. In fact, the Boeing 727 was the heaviest aircraft type authorized to use it, and even then it was only authorized in one direction.

Ultimately, the NTSB attributed this crash to pilot error on the approach – for example the maximum Shell gas station, killing 37 (35 passengers and two flight attendants) of the 88 on board. 38 other passengers and crew were injured and one person on the ground was seriously injured. The probable cause was the captain's actions and his judgment in not being aware that when he touched down 2,300 feet (700 m) into the 4,658-foot (1,420 m) runway, he did not have enough distance to perform a go-around.

As a result of the crash, American Airlines ended all jet flights to St. Thomas, flying instead to St. Croix (where the runway is much

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