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American Council on Science and Health

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American Council on Science and Health

The American Council on Science and Health (ACSH) is a Dr. Elizabeth Whelan that self-describe as a "consumer education consortium" focusing on issues related to food, nutrition, chemicals, pharmaceuticals, lifestyle, the environment and health.[1] Its core membership is a board of 350 physicians, scientists and policy advisors who review the Council's reports and participate in ACSH seminars, press conferences, media communications and other educational activities.[1] In the 1970s ACSH scientists concerned with the lack of sound scientific basis, common sense, reason and balance in public forums and public policy regarding issues such as health and the environment, began to produce their own .[2] Over the years their articles have included topics such as the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA), obesity, chemophobia, Phthalates, DDT, fracking,[3] e-cigarettes, GMOs, atrazine, and bisphenol-A.[1]

About

History and mission

ACSH describes itself as a "consumer education consortium". Founded in 1978 by a Elizabeth Whelan, who earned her PhD Harvard School of Public Health in 1971, was motivated to found the American Council on Science and Health in 1978 after doing research for the pharmaceutical company Pfizer regarding a section of the 1958 Food Additive Amendment on banning certain chemicals from foods. She found through further research that public discourse and public policy was chemophobic. Her first book entitled Panic in the Pantry, published in 1976, challenged the notion that was popular in the 1970s, that natural was better and chemicals were dangerous.[4] Along with Dr. Fredrick Stare, founder of the Harvard Nutrition Department, in 1978, Dr. Whelan invited fifty other scientists "to bring the message of sound science to consumers, via the media"[4] in a "consumer education consortium". One of the first to respond was Nobel Laureate Norman Borlaug.[4] Their first financial support came from the Scaife Foundation and John M. Olin Foundation. By 2003 almost 400 scientists had joined ACSH.[4]

Dr. Whelan died at age 70 on September 11, 2014, reportedly from complications due to sepsis.[5] The organization is governed by a board of trustees.

Issue advocacy

Chemicals/environment

ACSH frequently warns against regulating chemicals without scientific proof of harms. A 2009 editorial by board member Henry Miller in Investor's Business Daily criticized the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), saying, "An EPA hit list of important and demonstrably safe chemicals is about to be put through the regulatory wringer, and many are likely to be banned or severely restricted. These include bisphenol-A, phthalates, flame retardants, the herbicide atrazine and fluorinated chemicals used to make Teflon."[6]

On 10 February 2009 the Consumer Product Safety Improvement Act of 2008 imposed regulations of several substances and banned the manufacture for sale, distribution in commerce, or import any children's toy or childcare article that contains "concentrations of more than 0.1 percent of" di-(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP), Dibutyl phthalate (DBP), or Benzyl butyl phthalate (BBP).[7] Michael Kamrin, who was on ACSH's Board of Scientific and Policy Advisors, published a critical review in 2009 in the Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health, claiming that phthalates were safe.[8] ACSH’s advocacy on the issue extends back to 1999, when they worked with former U.S. Surgeon General C. Everett Koop to advocate for the ingredient used in many soft plastics.[9]

Food safety and nutrition

ACSH has advocated against taxation of food that contributes to weight gain as a means to combat obesity.[10] The group opposed New York state’s move to require food chains to post calorie information on their products.[11] ACSH has also called for better regulation and testing of dietary supplements.[12]

Diseases and pharmaceuticals

ACSH criticized Rep. Debbie Wasserman Schultz's Breast Cancer Education and Awareness Requires Learning Young Act as focusing on detection methods that were not scientifically supported and distracting from more effective measures.[13] The group worked to clarify unclear messages and dispel myths surrounding the swine flu outbreak in 2009.[14] In 2008, ACSH applauded the American Academy of Pediatricians for demanding that an episode of Eli Stone carry a disclaimer since the show depicted a jury awarding damages based on the claim that a vaccine caused autism. ACSH has long been critical of groups who claim a supposed link between the two.[15]

Terrorism

Following the September 11 attacks on the World Trade Center in 2001, ACSH opposed the appointment of a federal official to oversee and administer aid to those injured during the attacks and subsequent rescue, arguing that such a move would create another layer of bureaucracy between victims and aid.[16] Further, the group criticized rescue workers who attempted to fraudulently receive financial compensation though they did not suffer injuries.[17]

Tobacco

ACSH has taken a harm-reduction stance on tobacco smoking. Associate director Jeff Stier took the opportunity to address the negative long term effects of smoking using the case of Senator e-cigarettes.[21]

Media appearances

Opinion editorials

ACSH routinely publicizes its campaigns by placing opinion editorials in news publications. Editorials from the group have appeared in publications including the New York Post, Politico, Investor's Business Daily, The Washington Times, Forbes, National Review and the Weekly Standard.

Television news

ACSH spokespersons also appear on television news as pundits. Spokespeople from the group have appeared on CNBC, MSNBC, Fox News, ABC and NY1.

Daily Show

On the May 14, 2009 episode of the satirical late night show [22]

Reviews and assessments

The ACSH is known as an "industry-friendly" group.[23] In 1982, the [25]

In 2004, the now-defunct Tufts University Nutrition Navigator (a rating guide to nutrition websites) gave the ACSH site an overall rating of 20 out of 25 and an "Accuracy of Information" rating of 8 out of 10. However, it commented, "This site aims to arm consumers with the facts necessary to make wise decisions about health, but be aware that the information here is biased and represents a very conservative interpretation of current science. Consumers looking for a balanced debate on health issues will have to look elsewhere."[26]

In regard to its operations and financial efficiency, the Better Business Bureau issued a Wise Giving report on ACSH in 2011 concluding that ACSH met 15 of the BBB's 20 standards.[27]

The ACSH websites quotes Michael Osterholm as calling it "one of the most centrist and most intellectually honest groups we've got today".[1]

Media Coverage

In 2005, a critical piece in the magazine Mother Jones[28] reported that the ACSH's current medical director,[29] Gilbert Ross, had served time in a federal prison camp and had his medical license revoked for Medicare fraud. ACSH responded with an article on its website stating that Ross was remorseful for the role he played in the scam, that it had occurred during a period of personal and financial hardship, and that Ross had resigned from the fraudulent clinic after only 7 weeks employment.[30] His medical license was reinstated in 2001.[31]

Funding

The Scaife Foundation and John M. Olin Foundation provided ACSH's first financial support in the 1970s.[4] In her address on the 25th Anniversary of ACSH Dr. Whelan noted that their critics such as Phil Donahue and Barbara Walters accused them of being a "surrogate" of the petrochemical industry and a "shill" for the food industry.[4] To appease their critics ACSH only accepted funding from private foundations corporate funding for two years. However as the media continued to imply that ACSH was industry supported the Board decided on a fundraising policy through which "about 40% of ACSH [funding] comes from private foundations, about 40% from corporations, and the rest of the sale of ACSH publications."[4]

ACSH stopped reporting its funding in the early 1990s.[32] Their 1991 report shows that many corporations contributed funds.[32] As of 2005 they had received $90,000 from [35]

But in 2013, [2] Similarly, in a 1992 internal memo by Whelan disclosed by Consumer Reports, Whelan directed her staff to “ask McNeil Specialty for $10,000 toward sweetener paper” and disclosed that her staff would seek “more CCC [Calorie Control Council] money ... to help us get new sweetener booklet out.”[36] McNeil Specialty Products (now McNeil Nutritionals) owns the U.S. marketing rights to Splenda, the branded name of the artificial sweetener sucralose; the Calorie Control Council is an industry trade association for producers of artificial sweeteners, fat substitutes, and low-calorie foods. The same memo instructs that staffers give “special attention" to "Mr. McDermott at Searle about meat money."[36] Thomas McDermott was shortly to become director of biotechnology communications for the agricultural biotechnology firm Monsanto; G.D. Searle was a Monsanto subsidiary, subsequently acquired by Pfizer.

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d e About, New York, 2013, retrieved 4 August 2014 
  2. ^ a b c Andy Kroll; Jeremy Schulman (October 28, 2013). "Leaked Documents Reveal the Secret Finances of a Pro-Industry Science Group". Mother Jones. Retrieved 1 November 2013. 
  3. ^ Fracking: a safe and efficient path to energy independence, New York, 13 June 2014, retrieved 4 August 2014 
  4. ^ a b c d e f g Whelan, Elizabeth (4 December 2003), Where Did ACSH Come From?: a 25th Anniversary Commentary 
  5. ^ [1]
  6. ^ Miller, Henry; Ross, Gilbert (17 November 2009), "With A New Ideologue In Charge, It's (Bad) Business As Usual At EPA", Investor's Business Daily, retrieved 4 August 2014 
  7. ^ "15 U.S. Code § 2057c - Prohibition on sale of certain products containing specified phthalates", Cornell Law, 14 August 2008, retrieved 4 August 2014 
  8. ^ Kamrin, Michael A. (23 February 2009), "Phthalate Risks, Phthalate Regulation, and Public Health: A Review" (PDF), Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health, Part B 12 (2), retrieved 4 August 2014 
  9. ^ "Battle over phthalates heats up". CNN. September 28, 1999.
  10. ^ "NYC Food Cops' National Agenda". The New York Post. September 8, 2008.
  11. ^ "Doc Frieden's Food Voodoo". The New York Post. January 23, 2008.
  12. ^ "Dietary Supplements: A Source of Regulatory Confusion (from Pharmacology Matters)". Pharmacology Matters. April 13, 2009.
  13. ^ Detecting a Bad Breast Cancer Bill, Roll Call work=ACSH, 1 July 2009 
  14. ^ "One Flu Over the Piggy's Nest", Wall Street Journal, 28 April 2009 
  15. ^ "ABC's Autism Outrage". The New York Post. January 31, 2008.
  16. ^ "WTC Health Czar? No!". New York Post. January 30, 2006.
  17. ^ "Exploiting 9/11". The New York Post. June 26, 2008.
  18. ^ "Will smoking past affect Obama’s health?". Politico. May 28, 2008.
  19. ^ "Council Votes to Boost Butts". The New York Post. October 16, 2009.
  20. ^ "Latest Excuse Not to Work". Fox Business. November 24, 2009.
  21. ^ A Tool to Quit Smoking Has Some Unlikely Critics. New York Times. November 7, 2011.
  22. ^ "Little Crop of Horrors: Samantha Bee reports on Michelle Obama's unhealthy, elitist organic garden". The Daily Show. May 14, 2009.
  23. ^ Eggen D. (2010) "How interest groups behind health-care legislation are financed is often unclear". Washington Post.
  24. ^ Harnik, Peter. "Voodoo Science, Twisted Consumerism: the Golden Assurances of the American Council on Science and Health". Center for Science in the Public Interest. January 1982.
  25. ^ Center for Science in the Public Interest. "'Consumer Group' labeled front for industry". News Release. February 14, 1982.
  26. ^ Review of ACSH from the Tufts University Nutrition Navigator. Gerald J. and Dorothy R. Friedman School of Nutrition Science and Policy at Tufts University. December 30, 2004.
  27. ^ "BBB Wise Giving Report for The American Council on Science and Health". Better Business Bureau. January 2011.
  28. ^ Hogan, Bill (November 9, 2005). "Paging Dr. Ross: A doctor who defends corporations from "inconvenient" science has a secret of his own.". Mother Jones. 
  29. ^ "Gilbert Ross, M.D. Medical/Executive Director". ACSH.org. Retrieved 2009-10-22. 
  30. ^ "ACSH Statements on Mother Jones Article About Dr. Gilbert Ross - ACSH". 
  31. ^ "w3.health.state.ny.us". 
  32. ^ a b Center for Science in the Public Interest.
  33. ^ http://www.motherjones.com/politics/2005/05/put-tiger-your-think-tank
  34. ^ "Money, Fats and Science". The New York Times. November 5, 2007.
  35. ^ "The Plastic Panic", The New Yorker, 31 May 2010 
  36. ^ a b "The ACSH: Forefront of Science, or Just a Front?". Consumer Reports. May 1994. p. 319. Retrieved 1 November 2013. 

External links

  • Official website
  • Facts Versus Fears: A Review of the Greatest Unfounded Health Scares of Recent Times by ACSH
  • Tufts Nutrition Navigator review of ACSH
  • Daily Show segment on organic gardening featuring an ACSH representative
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