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American Federation of State, County and Municipal Employees

AFSCME
Full name American Federation of State, County and Municipal Employees
Founded 1932
Members 1,378,934 (2014)[1]
Affiliation AFL-CIO
Key people Lee Saunders, president
Office location Washington, D.C.
Country United States
Website afscme.org
AFSCME members with then-Senator Barack Obama, 2008

The American Federation of State, County and Municipal Employees (AFSCME) is a major trade union in the United States. It represents approximately 1.5 million workers, most of whom work in the public sector.[2] The union has become known in recent years for its involvement in political campaigns.[3]

AFSCME is part of the AFL-CIO, one of the two main labor federations in the United States. Employees at the federal government level are primarily represented by other unions, such as the American Federation of Government Employees, with which AFSCME was once affiliated, and the National Treasury Employees Union; but AFSCME does represent some federal employees at the Federal Aviation Administration and the Library of Congress, among others.[4]

According to their website, AFSCME organizes for social and economic rights of their protectorates in the workplace and through political action and legislative advocacy. It is divided into more than 3,500 local unions in 46 U.S. states, plus the District of Columbia and Puerto Rico. Each local union writes its own constitution, holds membership meetings, and elects its own officers. Councils are also a part of AFSCME's administrative structure, usually grouping together various locals in a geographic area.

Contents

  • History 1
    • Zander era 1.1
    • Wurf and civil rights 1.2
  • Leadership 2
  • Campaigns 3
  • Contributions to political campaigns 4
  • References 5
  • External links 6

History

AFSCME was founded in 1932 as the Wisconsin State Administrative, Clerical, Fiscal and Technical Employees Association (quickly becoming the Wisconsin State Employees Association) amid fears of the possible elimination of the civil service and a return to patronage jobs. Its driving force and first president was Arnold Zander.

One of its first projects was to protect civil service jobs in Wisconsin after a newly elected Democratic legislature revealed its intention to eliminate Republicans from the civil service. The group succeeded, with assistance from the American Federation of Labor (AFL)[5]

Zander era

In 1934, AFSCME fell out of favor with the AFL, which incorporated Wisconsin state employees into the

  • Official website
  • Official AFSCME Historic Archives. Walter P. Reuther Library of Labor and Urban Affairs. Wayne State University.
  • Vintage AFSCME Video Parody
  • Disgrace Before God: Striking Black Sanitation Workers vs. Black Officialdom in 1977 Atlanta An article in New Beginnings: A Journal of Independent Labor about the 1977 sanitation workers strike led by AFSCME Local 1644

External links

  1. ^ Office of Labor-Management Standards. Employment Standards Administration. U.S. Department of Labor. Form LM-2 labor Organization Annual Report. American Federation of State, County, and Municipal Employees. File Number: 000-289. Dated March 27, 2014.
  2. ^ 1.6 million Wall Street Journalaccording to the in 2010; 1.42 million UnionFactsaccording to in 2011.
  3. ^ Steven Greenhouse, "Afscme Chief to Step Down After 30 Years", New York Times, 3 November 2011.
  4. ^ Washington D.C. Info from American Federation of State, County and Municipal Employees website
  5. ^ a b c Goulden, Joseph C. (1982). Jerry Wurf: Labor's Last Angry Man (1 ed.). New York: Atheneum.  
  6. ^ Honey, Michael K. (2007). "Struggles of the Working Poor". Going down Jericho Road the Memphis strike, Martin Luther King's last campaign (1 ed.). New York [u.a.]: Norton. p. 71.  
  7. ^ California Newsreel - AT THE RIVER I STAND
  8. ^ Lee Saunders bio at AFSCME website
  9. ^ "Status Quo Wins Vote In Nation's Largest Public Workers Union" International Business Times June 22, 2012
  10. ^ The rise of AFSCME as public employee union with clout
  11. ^ "Bloomberg.com: News". Bloomberg. 
  12. ^ AFSCME - AFSCME Takes Largest AFL-CIO Delegation to the Democratic National Convention
  13. ^ William Lucy bio at AFSCME website
  14. ^ AFSCME - Across the Nation
  15. ^ [1]Meyerson, Harold. "Labor War in Illinois: The AFL-CIO's two largest unions duke it out and SEIU comes out on top. The American Prospect'' March 29, 2005 ''(web only)''
  16. ^ a b Center for Responsive Politics retrieved 21 June 2007
  17. ^ "The Swamp: John McCain vs. baby in anti-war ad".  
  18. ^ AFSCME PEOPLE website

References

According to the television advertisement critical of the presumed Republican presidential nominee John McCain.[17] Funding for political campaigns does not come from union dues, but rather from voluntary member contributions to a political action committee called AFSCME PEOPLE (Public Employees Organized to Promote Legislative Equality).[18]

Contributions to political campaigns

In California, AFSCME represents the lower paid workforce at all ten campuses of the University of California. The union in 2007 resolved a pay equity dispute that had dogged the University for two years. It led a number of political and entertainment figures to refuse to cross an informational picket for the purpose of giving keynote speeches at graduation ceremonies.

When Illinois Gov. Rod Blagojevich signed an executive order that allowed the providers to collectively bargain with the state, the move launched a turf war,[15] with the Service Employees International Union (SEIU) battling AFSCME for the exclusive right to organize the workers. AFSCME argued they would be better suited for negotiating with the state, while the SEIU claimed it already unofficially represented 20,000 of the workers. An independent mediator ruled that the SEIU and not AFSCME should represent nearly 49,000 home child care providers in that state. The mediator found that the SEIU had been trying to organize the workers since 1996, while AFSCME had started just a month earlier. Despite its success in organizing child care providers, AFSCME was rejected.

AFSCME is also currently running campaigns to organize home-based family child care providers. To date AFSCME has been able to secure gubernatorial United Auto Workers, and the UAW currently represents roughly 40% of CCPTM members. AFSCME also represents child care providers in Franklin and Lucas counties in Ohio.

Due to the wave of non-profit or commercial. In New York, for example, in February 2006, 1200 employees of Lifespire Inc., a New York City human services agency that provides services to the developmentally disabled, joined the Civil Service Employees Association (CSEA)/AFSCME Local 1000, AFSCME’s single biggest affiliate, through a card check campaign.[14]

AFSCME members by the US Capitol, 2013
Members marching in solidarity with Occupy Wall Street in New York, October 2011

Campaigns

On February 22, 2010, it was announced that Lucy was retiring in the middle of his four-year term. His successor, Lee A. Saunders, was elected at the July 2010 AFSCME International Convention in Boston, Massachusetts.

For many years the Secretary-Treasurer was William Lucy. Lucy was first elected AFSCME Secretary-Treasurer in May 1972 and was re-elected in June 2008 to his latest four-year term. Lucy was a former President of Local 1675, Contra Costa County Employees Association of Contra Costa County, California, where he was employed for 13 years. Lucy also served as president of the Coalition of Black Trade Unionists (CBTU).[13]

Gerald McEntee was first elected AFSCME President in 1981 and was re-elected in July 2008 to another four-year term. McEntee was a vice-president of the AFL-CIO and the chair of the AFL-CIO Political Education Committee.[10][11][12] McEntee announced his retirement in 2012.

The leadership of AFSCME consists of a president, secretary-treasurer, and an executive board. The President of AFSCME International is Lee A. Saunders. Saunders is a former Executive Assistant to Gerald McEntee, and has served as Administrator of a number of AFSCME councils and large local unions across the country. .[8] He was chosen in an election held June 21, 2012 during the AFSCME International Convention in Los Angeles, California. The presidential candidates were Saunders and Danny Donohue, president of the Civil Service Employees Association (who had been narrowly defeated by Saunders at the 2010 convention election for International Secretary-Treasurer). Saunders won the election with 54% of the votes.[9]

Seal

Leadership

In 1968, Martin Luther King, Jr. was assassinated while in Memphis, Tennessee to support a strike by the African-American sanitation workers' union, AFSCME Local 1733. In 1993 a documentary movie was produced, titled At the River I Stand, about the Memphis sanitation workers' strike that brought Martin Luther King Jr. to Memphis.[7]

AFSCME was integrated in the 1960s under the presidency of Jerome Wurf, and began to grow more quickly.[6]

Wurf and civil rights

The union grew slowly over the next several decades, gradually changing from an association formed to protect civil service systems to a union interested in collective bargaining.

At this time, AFSCME was primarily a union for white-collar civil service workers. These workers were legally without the right to collectively bargain, let alone strike—rights which Zander did not support[5]

[5]

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