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Ameridelphia

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Title: Ameridelphia  
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Subject: Marsupial, 2011 in paleomammalogy, Opossum, Shrew opossum, Mammal
Collection: Chordate Superorders, Marsupials
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Ameridelphia

Ameridelphia
A Virginia opossum
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Infraclass: Marsupialia
Superorder: Ameridelphia
Subgroups

Ameridelphia is traditionally a superorder that includes all marsupials living in the Americas except for the Monito del monte (Dromiciops). It is now regarded as a paraphyletic group.[1][2]

Orders

The orders within this group are listed below:

Evolution and phylogenetics

Modern marsupials are now understood to be an originally American lineage that later reached Australia and diversified there in a massive adaptive radiation.[1][2] Molecular data, including analysis of retrotransposon insertion sites in the nuclear DNA of a variety of marsupials, and the fossil evidence indicate that Ameridelphia might best be understood as an evolutionary grade. Since Didelphimorphia appears to be the basal marsupial group, it and Paucituberculata do not seem to be closest relatives.[1][2] Meanwhile, the unranked clade Euaustralidelphia has been proposed as the name for the Australian marsupials (Australidelphia minus Microbiotheria, of which Dromiciops is the only survivor), which in all probability derive from a single colonization out of South America via Antarctica.

References

  1. ^ a b c Schiewe, Jessie (2010-07-28). "Australia's marsupials originated in what is now South America, study says". LATimes.Com.  
  2. ^ a b c Nilsson, M. A.; Churakov, G.; , Sommer, M.; Van Tran, N.; Zemann, A.; Brosius, J.; Schmitz, J. (2010-07-27). "Tracking Marsupial Evolution Using Archaic Genomic Retroposon Insertions".  
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