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Amrithapura

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Amrithapura

Amrutesvara Temple, Amruthapura
Amruthapura
village
Chikkamagaluru district
Amrutesvara Temple, Amruthapura
Amrutesvara Temple, Amruthapura
Location in Karnataka, India

Coordinates: 13°44′28″N 75°51′14″E / 13.741°N 75.854°E / 13.741; 75.854Coordinates: 13°44′28″N 75°51′14″E / 13.741°N 75.854°E / 13.741; 75.854

Country  India
State Karnataka
District Chikkamagaluru District
Languages
 • Official Kannada
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)

The Amruteshvara temple (Kannada: ಅಮೃತೇಶ್ವರ ದೇವಸ್ಥಾನ) is located in the town of Amruthapura, 67 km north of Chikmagalur town in the Chikkamagaluru district of the Karnataka state, India. Located 110 km from Hassan and 35 km from Shimoga on NH 206, Amruthapura is known for the splendid Amruteshvara temple (also often spelt Amruthesvara or Amrtesvara). The temple was built in 1196 C.E. by Amrutheshwara Dandanayaka (lit, "commander") under Hoysala King Veera Ballala II. It is located in an idyllic spot, in the close vicinity of the Bhadra River reservoir. The rise of the Hoysala power in the 11th-12th centuries created many important towns and cities (nagara) along the malnad (hill) regions of present day Karnataka where they built many ornate temples.

Amrutesvara temple

The temple is a fine example of 12th century Hoysala architecture with a wide open mantapa (hall).[1] Surrounded by Palm and Coconut farms, the temple still has a well preserved original outer wall with interesting, equally spaced circular carvings. The temple has one vimana (shrine and tower) and therefore is a ekakuta design,[2] and has a closed mantapa (hall) that connects the sanctum to the large open mantapa.



It is medium sized Hoysala temple and compares closely with the Veera Narayana Temple, Belavadi in mandapa structure and size. The open mandapa has twenty nine bays,[3] and the closed mantapa has nine bays with a side porch that leads to a separate shrine on the south side. The shrine is square in shape has the original superstructure (sikhara) which is richly adorned with sculptures of Kirthimukhas (demon faces), miniature decorative towers (aedicule). Below the superstructure, the usual panel of Hindu deities is absent. The base of the wall has five mouldings which according to art critic Foekema is an "older Hoysala style".[4] The Sukanasi, the tower on top of the vestibule that connects the sanctum to the closed mantapa (the Sukanasi appears like the nose of the superstructure),[5] has the original Hoysala emblem of "Sala" fighting the lion.[6][7]

The rows of shining lathe turned pillars that support the ceiling of the mantapa is a Hoysala-Chalukya decorative idiom.[8] The mantapa has many deeply domed inner ceiling structures adorned with floral designs. The outer parapet wall of the open mantapa has a total of hundred and forty panel sculptures with depictions from the Hindu epics. Unlike many Hoysala temples where the panels are small and carvings in miniature, these panels are comparatively larger. The Ramayana is sculpted on the south side wall on seventy panels, with the story proceeding quite unusually, in anti-clockwise direction. On the north side wall, all depictions are clockwise, a norm in Hoysala architectural articulation. Twenty five panels depict the life of the Hindu god Krishna and the remaining forty five panels depict scenes from the epic Mahabharata.[8]

Ruvari Mallitamma, the famous sculptor and architect is known to have started his career here working on the domed ceilings in the main mantapa.[9] The large stone inscription near the porch is an excellent example of medieval Kannada poetry composed by the famous poet Janna.

Gallery

Notes

See also

References

  • Gerard Foekema, A Complete Guide to Hoysala Temples, Abhinav, 1996 ISBN 978-81-7017-345-8
  • Dr. Suryanath U. Kamath, A Concise history of Karnataka from pre-historic times to the present, Jupiter books, 2001, MCC, Bangalore (Reprinted 2002)

External links

  • Architectural marvel
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