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Anthony de la Roché

Voyage of the English merchant
Anthony de la Roché in 1675

Anthony de la Roché, born sometime in the 17th century, (spelled also Antoine de la Roché, Antonio de la Roché or Antonio de la Roca in some sources) was an Antarctic Convergence.[1]

Contents

  • Discovery of South Georgia 1
  • Maps showing la Roché's discovery 2
  • Honours 3
  • See also 4
  • References 5

Discovery of South Georgia

Drygalski Fjord, the possible place of la Roché's stay in South Georgia

Having acquired a 350-ton ship in bays – possibly Drygalski Fjord according to some experts – where the battered ship anchored for a fortnight.

Drygalski Fjord

According to la Roché's report published in London in 1678[2] and its surviving 1690 summary, "they found a Clerke Rocks further to the southeast.

Gonçalo Álvares (Gough) Island

Several days after his departure from uninhabited island, "where they found water, wood and fish", and spent six days "without seeing any human being", thus making what some historians believe was the first landing on the South Atlantic island that had been discovered by the Portuguese navigator Gonçalo Álvares in 1505 or 1506 (and known as Gough Island since 1731).[2][3]

La Roché successfully reached the Brazilian port of Salvador, and eventually arrived in La Rochelle, France on 29 September 1675.[2][4][5][6][7]

Captain

  1. ^ Headland, Robert K. (1984). The Island of South Georgia, Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-25274-1
  2. ^ a b c d Capt. Francisco de Seixas y Lovera, Descripcion geographica, y derrotero de la region austral Magallanica. Que se dirige al Rey nuestro señor, gran monarca de España, y sus dominios en Europa, Emperador del Nuevo Mundo Americano, y Rey de los reynos de la Filipinas y Malucas, Madrid, Antonio de Zafra, 1690. (Narrates the discovery of South Georgia by the Englishman Anthony de la Roché in April 1675 (Capítulo IIII Título XIX page 27 or page 99 of pdf); Relevant fragment.)
  3. ^ Wace, N.M. (1969). The discovery, exploitation and settlement of the Tristan da Cunha Islands. Proceedings of the Royal Geographical Society of Australasia (South Australian Branch) 10: 11–40.
  4. ^ Dalrymple, Alexander. (1771). A Collection of Voyages Made to the Ocean Between Cape Horn and Cape of Good Hope. Two volumes. London.
  5. ^ Matthews, L.H. (1931). South Georgia: The British Empire's Sub-Antarctic Outpost. Bristol: John Wright; and London: Simpkin Marshall.
  6. ^ Headland, Robert K. (1990). Chronological List of Antarctic Expeditions and Related Historical Events. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-30903-4
  7. ^ Capt. Ferrer Fougá, Hernán. (2003). El hito austral del confín de América. El cabo de Hornos. (Siglos XVI-XVII-XVIII). (Primera parte). Revista de Marina, Valparaíso, N° 6.
  8. ^ Cook, James. (1777). A Voyage Towards the South Pole, and Round the World. Performed in His Majesty's Ships the Resolution and Adventure, In the Years 1772, 1773, 1774, and 1775. In which is included, Captain Furneaux's Narrative of his Proceedings in the Adventure during the Separation of the Ships. Volume II. London: Printed for W. Strahan and T. Cadell. (Relevant fragment)
  9. ^ Faustini, A. (1906). Di una carta nautica inedita della Georgia Austral. Revista Geografica Italiana, Firenze, 13(6), 343–51.
  10. ^ USGS Geographic Names Information System: Antarctica
  11. ^ Bulgarian Antarctic Gazetteer. Antarctic Place-names Commission. (details in Bulgarian, basic data in English)

References

See also

Roché Glacier in Vinson Massif, Antarctica are named for Anthony de la Roché.[10][11]

1802 Map of South Georgia (Cpt. Isaac Pendleton)

Honours

[9] The second ever

  • De Fer, Nicolas. (1720). Partie La Plus Meridionale de L'Amerique, ou se trouve Le Chili, Le Paraguay, et Les Terres Magellaniques avec les Fameux Detroits de Magellan et de le Maire. Paris.
  • Homann Heirs. (1733). Typus Geographicus Chili a Paraguay Freti Magellanici. Nuremberg.
  • Moll, Herman. (1736). A map of Chili, Patagonia, La Plata and ye South Part of Brasil. London.
  • L'Isle, Guillaume de & Girolamo Albrizzi. (1740). Carta Geografica della America Meridionale. Venice.
  • Seale, Richard W. (ca. 1745). A Map of South America. With all the European Settlements & whatever else is remarkable from the latest & best observations. London.
  • Cowley, John. (ca. 1745). A Map of South America. London.
  • Gibson, John. (1753). South America. London.
  • Buache, Philippe. (1754). .Carte des Terres Australes, Comprises entre le Tropique du Capricorne et le Pôle Antarctique Paris.
  • Jefferys, Thomas. (1768). South America. London.
  • Robert de Vaugondy, Didier. (1777). Hemisphère Australe ou Antarctique. Paris.
  • Arrowsmith, Aaron. (1794). Map of the World on a Globular Projection, Exhibiting Particularly the Nautical Researches of Capn. James Cook, F.R.S. with all the Recent Discoveries to the Present Time. London.
Fragment of Seale's map (ca. 1745) featuring 'Roche Island'
  • L'Isle, Guillaume de; J. Covens & C. Mortier. (1700/20). L'Amerique Meridionale. Paris.
  • Chatelain, Henry A. (1705/19). Nouvelle Carte de Geographie de la Partie Meridionale de la Amerique. Amsterdam.
  • L'Isle, Guillaume de & Henry A. Chatelain. (1705/19). Carte du Paraguai, du Chili, du Detroit de Magellan. Paris.
  • Lens, Bernard & George Vertue. (ca. 1710). Map of South America. London.
  • Price, Charles. (ca. 1713). South America corrected from the observations communicated to the Royal Society's of London and Paris. London.

Soon after the voyage cartographers started to depict on their maps 'Roché Island', and 'Straits de la Roche' separating the island from an 'Unknown Land' to the southeast, honouring the discoverer. In particular, the newly discovered island appeared on the following 18th century maps:

Maps showing la Roché's discovery

[8]

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