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Armavir, Russia

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Title: Armavir, Russia  
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Subject: Armavir, Armenia, Oksana Lyapina, Armavir Radar Station, Kuban River, Flag of Armavir
Collection: Cities and Towns in Krasnodar Krai, Kuban Oblast
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Armavir, Russia

Armavir (English)
Армавир (Russian)
-  City[1]  -

In Armavir

Location of Krasnodar Krai in Russia
Armavir is located in Krasnodar Krai
Armavir
Location of Armavir in Krasnodar Krai
Coordinates:
Coat of arms
Flag
City Day Third Sunday of September
Administrative status (as of May 2013)
Country Russia
Federal subject Krasnodar Krai[1]
Administratively subordinated to City of Armavir[1]
Administrative center of City of Armavir[1]
Municipal status (as of June 2009)
Urban okrug Armavir Urban Okrug[2]
Administrative center of Armavir Urban Okrug[2]
Head Andrey Kharchenko (acting)
Representative body City Duma
Statistics
Population (2010 Census) 188,832 inhabitants[3]
Rank in 2010 96th
Time zone MSK (UTC+03:00)[4]
Founded 1839[5]
City status since January 18, 1914
Postal code(s)[6] 352900–352906, 352909, 352910, 352912, 352913, 352915, 352916, 352918, 352919, 352922–352924, 352930–352932, 352949
Dialing code(s) +7 86137
Official website
Armavir]] on Wikimedia Commons

Armavir (Russian: Армави́р) is a city in Krasnodar Krai, Russia, located on the left bank of the Kuban River. Population: 188,832 (2010 Census);[3] 193,964 (2002 Census);[7] 160,983 (1989 Census);[8] 144,000 (1969). Armavir was formerly the second-largest industrial center of Krasnodar Krai, after Krasnodar.

Contents

  • History 1
  • Administrative and municipal status 2
  • Climate 3
  • Military 4
  • Sister city 5
  • References 6
    • Notes 6.1
    • Sources 6.2
  • External links 7

History

The area of today's Armavir was first inhabited by Abazins. Later Turkic Tatars from the Crimean Khanate also settled here. As a result of the Caucasian War the remaining Abazins were forced to emigrate from Southern Russia to the Ottoman Empire. Armavir is also claimed to be a part of the historical land of the Circassians.

The contemporary settlement was founded in 1839[5] by Cherkesogai Armenians as Armyansky aul (Армя́нский ау́л). Due to the strengthening of Islamic radicalism in the mountain areas originally inhabited by the Cherkesogai, the Christian Armenians were forced to leave their settlements. It was renamed in 1848 in honor of the ancient capital of Armenia and was granted town status on January 18, 1914.

During the Russian Civil War of 1918–1920, a number of brutal battles took place near the city. The Taman army's military campaign ended in Armavir in 1918. The Soviet authority was established in Armavir in March 1920. During World War II, the city was occupied by the German Army. It was liberated by the Red Army in January 1943.

Administrative and municipal status

Within the framework of administrative divisions, it is, together with eleven rural localities, incorporated as the City of Armavir—an administrative unit with the status equal to that of the districts.[1] As a municipal division, the City of Armavir is incorporated as Armavir Urban Okrug.[2]

Climate

Armavir has a humid subtropical climate.[9]

Climate data for Armavir
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 16.7
(62.1)
23.6
(74.5)
31.0
(87.8)
36.8
(98.2)
36.3
(97.3)
39.8
(103.6)
40.5
(104.9)
41.1
(106)
37.7
(99.9)
36.3
(97.3)
26.6
(79.9)
21.1
(70)
41.1
(106)
Average high °C (°F) 2.2
(36)
3.8
(38.8)
9.6
(49.3)
17.8
(64)
22.9
(73.2)
26.7
(80.1)
29.9
(85.8)
29.5
(85.1)
24.3
(75.7)
17.2
(63)
10.1
(50.2)
4.2
(39.6)
16.6
(61.9)
Daily mean °C (°F) −2.2
(28)
−1.1
(30)
3.7
(38.7)
11.2
(52.2)
16.5
(61.7)
20.2
(68.4)
23.0
(73.4)
22.5
(72.5)
17.3
(63.1)
10.8
(51.4)
5.0
(41)
0.1
(32.2)
10.7
(51.3)
Average low °C (°F) −5.5
(22.1)
−4.6
(23.7)
−0.5
(31.1)
5.9
(42.6)
10.6
(51.1)
14.1
(57.4)
16.5
(61.7)
16.1
(61)
11.6
(52.9)
6.3
(43.3)
1.7
(35.1)
−2.9
(26.8)
5.9
(42.6)
Record low °C (°F) −33.2
(−27.8)
−30.6
(−23.1)
−24.4
(−11.9)
−9.0
(15.8)
−2.6
(27.3)
1.5
(34.7)
7.8
(46)
4.4
(39.9)
0.0
(32)
−9.6
(14.7)
−24.1
(−11.4)
−28.0
(−18.4)
−33.2
(−27.8)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 35.6
(1.402)
32.0
(1.26)
36.9
(1.453)
49.1
(1.933)
71.1
(2.799)
83.1
(3.272)
57.2
(2.252)
57.0
(2.244)
45.5
(1.791)
50.4
(1.984)
48.8
(1.921)
43.0
(1.693)
609.7
(24.004)
Average precipitation days 12.3 11.9 14.5 10.4 11.9 9.0 4.6 4.1 6.6 10.0 12.1 11.6 119.0
Source: climatebase.ru[10]

Military

Armavir Radar Station is on the site of Baronovsky Airfield, 12 kilometers (7.5 mi) southwest of the town.

Sister city

References

Notes

  1. ^ a b c d e Reference Information #34.01-707/13-03
  2. ^ a b c Law #684-KZ
  3. ^ a b Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian).  
  4. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Федеральный закон №107-ФЗ от 3 июня 2011 г. «Об исчислении времени», в ред. Федерального закона №248-ФЗ от 21 июля 2014 г. «О внесении изменений в Федеральный закон "Об исчислении времени"». Вступил в силу по истечении шестидесяти дней после дня официального опубликования (6 августа 2011 г.). Опубликован: "Российская газета", №120, 6 июня 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Federal Law #107-FZ of June 31, 2011 On Calculating Time, as amended by the Federal Law #248-FZ of July 21, 2014 On Amending Federal Law "On Calculating Time". Effective as of after sixty days following the day of the official publication.).
  5. ^ a b Энциклопедия Города России. Moscow: Большая Российская Энциклопедия. 2003. p. 24.  
  6. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (Russian)
  7. ^  
  8. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  9. ^ "World Map of Köppen−Geiger Climate Classification" (PDF). 
  10. ^ "Climatebase". Retrieved June 9, 2012. 

Sources

  • Управление по взаимодействию с органами местного самоуправления Администрации Краснодарского края. Справочная информация №34.01-707/13-03 от 23 мая 2013 г. «Реестр административно-территориальных единиц Краснодарского края». (Department of Cooperation with the Organs of the Local Self-Government of the Administration of Krasnodar Krai. Reference Information #34.01-707/13-03 of May 23, 2013 Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Units of Krasnodar Krai. ).
  • Законодательное Собрание Краснодарского края. Закон №684-КЗ от 1 апреля 2004 г. «Об установлении границ муниципального образования город Армавир и наделении его статусом городского округа», в ред. Закона №1756-КЗ от 3 июня 2009 г «О внесении изменений в некоторые законодательные акты Краснодарского края об установлении границ муниципальных образований». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Кубанские новости", №64–65, 17 апреля 2004 г. (Legislative Assembly of Krasnodar Krai. Law #684-KZ of April 1, 2004 On Establishing the Borders of the Municipal Formation of the City of Armavir and on Granting It Urban Okrug Status, as amended by the Law #1756-KZ of June 3, 2009 On Amending Various Legislative Acts of Krasnodar Krai on Establishing the Borders of the Municipal Formations. Effective as of the day of the official publication.).

External links

  • Official website of Armavir (Russian)
  • Unofficial website of Armavir (Russian)
  • Pictures of Armavir
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