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Arthur Middleton

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Title: Arthur Middleton  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Declaration of Independence (Trumbull), Memorial to the 56 Signers of the Declaration of Independence, Signing of the United States Declaration of Independence, Richard Henry Lee, United States Declaration of Independence
Collection: 1742 Births, 1787 Deaths, Alumni of Trinity Hall, Cambridge, American People of English Descent, American Revolutionary War Prisoners of War Held by Great Britain, Burials in South Carolina, Continental Congressmen from South Carolina, Members of the Middle Temple, Middleton Family, People Educated at Westminster School, London, People from Charleston, South Carolina, People of South Carolina in the American Revolution, Signers of the United States Declaration of Independence, South Carolina Colonial People
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Arthur Middleton

Arthur Middleton
Arthur Middleton from a 1771 portrait of the Middleton Family by Benjamin West
Born (1742-03-21)March 21, 1742
Charleston, Province of South Carolina
Died January 1, 1787(1787-01-01) (aged 44)
"The Oaks" near Charleston, South Carolina
Resting place Middleton Place Gardens and Tomb, Charleston
Known for signer of the United States Declaration of Independence

Arthur Middleton (June 26, 1742 – January 1, 1787), of Charleston, South Carolina, was a signatory of the United States Declaration of Independence.

His parents were Henry Middleton and Mary Baker Williams, both of English descent. He was educated in Britain, at Harrow School, Westminster School, and Trinity Hall, Cambridge.[1] He studied law at the Middle Temple and traveled extensively in Europe where his taste in literature, music, and art was developed and refined. In 1764, Arthur and his bride Mary Izard settled at Middleton Place.

Keenly interested in Carolina politics, Middleton was a more radical thinker than his father, Henry Middleton. He was a leader of the American Party in Carolina and one of the boldest members of the Council of Safety and its Secret Committee. In 1776, Arthur was elected to succeed his father in the Continental Congress and subsequently was a signer of the United States Declaration of Independence. Also in 1776, he and William Henry Drayton designed the Great Seal of South Carolina. Despite the time he spent in England, his attitude toward Loyalists was said to be ruthless.

During the American Revolutionary War, Middleton served in the defense of Charleston. After the city's fall to the British in 1780, he was sent as a prisoner of war to St. Augustine, Florida (along with Edward Rutledge and Thomas Hayward Jr.), until exchanged in July the following year.

Middleton died on January 1, 1787 at the age of 44 and was buried in the family tomb in the Gardens at Middleton Place.[2]The death notice from the State Gazette of South-Carolina (SC), Jan. 4, 1787, described him as a "tender husband and parent, humane master, steady unshaken patriot, the gentleman, and the scholar."

The plantation then passed to Henry, his eldest son, later Governor of South Carolina, U.S. Representative and Minister to Russia.

The tomb of Arthur Middleton at Middleton Place

The United States Navy ship, USS Arthur Middleton (AP-55/APA-25), was named for him.

His sister, Susannah Middleton, was the great-great-grandmother of Baldur von Schirach, onetime leader of the Hitler Youth and later Governor ("Gauleiter" or "Reichsstatthalter") of the Reichsgau Vienna, who was convicted of "crimes against humanity" at the Nuremberg Trials, through Baldur Von Schirach's mother Emma Middleton Lynah Tillou (1872–1944). He was also an ancestor of actor Charles B. Middleton, who played Ming the Merciless in the Flash Gordon movies of the 1930s.


  1. ^ "Middleton, Arthur (MDLN759A)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge.  The Biographical Directory of the United States Congress says Middleton "attended school at Hackney, Westminster School, and St. John’s College, Cambridge University, in England".
  2. ^ Arthur Middleton at Find a Grave

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