World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Artur Chilingarov

Article Id: WHEBN0007312092
Reproduction Date:

Title: Artur Chilingarov  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: North Pole, Arktika 2007, North Pole-2, Yevgeny Tolstikov, North Pole-1
Collection: 1939 Births, Chevaliers of the Légion D'Honneur, Corresponding Members of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Heroes of the Russian Federation, Heroes of the Soviet Union, Living People, Members of the Federation Council (Russia), Members of the Federation Council of Russia, Members of the State Duma (Russian Federation), Members of the State Duma of the Russian Federation, People from Saint Petersburg, Recipients of the Order "for Merit to the Fatherland", 3Rd Class, Recipients of the Order of Friendship (South Ossetia), Recipients of the Order of Lenin, Recipients of the Order of Merit for the Fatherland, 3Rd Class, Recipients of the Order of the Badge of Honour, Recipients of the Order of the Red Banner of Labour, Recipients of the Ussr State Prize, Russian and Soviet Polar Explorers, Russian Armenians, Russian Explorers, Russian Geographers, Russian Politicians, Soviet Armenians
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Artur Chilingarov

Artur Nikolayevich Chilingarov
Artur Nikolayevich Chilingarov visiting Arkangelsk (2009, August 22)
Born (1939-09-25) 25 September 1939
Leningrad, Russian SFSR, Soviet Union (now St. Petersburg, Russia)
Nationality Russian
Years active 1963–present
Known for Polar exploration
Awards
Signature

Artur Nikolayevich Chilingarov (Russian: Артур Николаевич Чилингаров; born 25 September 1939) is an Armenian-Russian polar explorer. He is a corresponding member of the Russian Academy of Sciences, he was awarded the title of Hero of the Soviet Union in 1986 and the title of Hero of the Russian Federation in 2008. He is the president of State Polar Academy. Chilingarov is a member of the United Russia party; he was a member of the State Duma from 1993 to 2011[1] and is the current representative of Tula Oblast in the Federation Council.

Contents

  • Biography 1
  • Awards 2
  • References 3
  • External links 4

Biography

He was born in Leningrad to Russian mother and Armenian father. His father was born in Gyumri (Leninakan) and moved to Vladikavkaz at a young age.[2]

In 1963, he graduated from the Arctic faculty of the S.O. Makarov Leningrad Maritime Institute. As an engineer-oceanographer, he was directed to the Tiksi observatory of the Arctic and Antarctic Research Institute. In 1965, he was elected first secretary of the Bulun Komsomol district committee. In 1969, he was appointed head of the drift ice stationNorth Pole-19” and, in 1971, Chilingarov headed the Bellingshausen Station of the 17th Soviet Antarctic Expedition.

Between 1974 and 1979, he worked in the Western sector of the Arctic as head of the Amderma Administration of hydrometeorology and environmental control. Under his direction, new forms of Arctic operative navigation support were implemented; for the first time, experimental work on cargo transfers to fast ice during wintertime were carried out in the Yamal Peninsula. Chilingarov summarized his experience in navigation support on the Northern Sea Route in his dissertation for the scientific degree of a kandidat of geographical sciences.

In 1985, he headed the special expedition on the research vessel Hero of the Soviet Union on February 14, 1986.[3]

In January 2002, he led an expedition to the South Pole along with 14 other tourists on an Antonov An-3 biplane. When a mechanical problem grounded the aircraft at the South Pole, Chilingarov and other VIPs were flown by American Hercules LC130 aircraft to McMurdo and then onward to Christchurch. The rest of the group arranged a pick-up from Adventure Network International, who operate tourist flights to the South Pole. [4] In January 2007, he led a helicopter expedition to Antarctica, he was joined by FSB chief Nikolay Patrushev and visited the South Pole and Amundsen-Scott station.[5]

During the 2007 Russian North Pole expedition, Chilingarov, accompanied by five other explorers from different countries, descended on 2 Mir submersibles to the seabed 13,980 feet below the North Pole in order to plant the Russian flag there and gather specimens of the seabed.[6] In regard to the territorial claims in the Arctic, Chilingarov was quoted as saying, "The Arctic is Russian. We must prove the North Pole is an extension of the Russian landmass".[7]

In July 2008, Russia announced it was sending Mir submersibles to descend one mile to the bottom of Lake Baikal to conduct geological and biological tests on its unique ecosystem. Chilingarov is scheduled to join in 60 dives in total.[8] On July 29, 2008, Chilingarov took part in a dive to a depth of 1,580 meters in Lake Baikal, just short of the record 1,637 meters.[9]

On January 10, 2008, Chilingarov was awarded the title of Hero of the Russian Federation for "courage and heroism displayed in extreme conditions and for the successful completion of the High-Latitude Arctic Deep-Water Expedition."[10]

In August 2009, he revealed a planned Arctic expedition for April 2010. Chilingarov plans to fly on dirigible AU-30, manufactured by the Aeronautic Centre Avgur.[11]

In December 2012, Artur Chilingarov supported Anti-Magnitsky bill to ban U.S. adoptions of Russian orphans, although he said earlier that there was no need to rush the legislation: "It concerns children, and you have to be accurate with it” [12]

Awards

Vladimir Putin awarding Chilingarov the Hero of Russia star.
  • Hero of the Russian Federation (January 9, 2008) - for courage and heroism displayed in extreme conditions, and the success of high-latitude Arctic expedition
  • Hero of the Soviet Union (February 14, 1986) - for exemplary performance targets for the release of the research vessel Mikhail Somov from the ice of Antarctica, leadership in rescue operations during the period of drift and displaying courage and heroism
  • Order of Merit for the Fatherland, 3rd class (June 12, 2007) - for active participation in legislative activities and the success of high-latitude air expedition to South Pole
  • Order of Naval Merit (27 January 2003) - for outstanding contribution to research, development and use of the oceans
  • Order of Lenin
  • Order of the Red Banner of Labour
  • Order of the Badge of Honour
  • Honoured meteorologist of the Russian Federation (11 February 2005)
  • USSR State Prize - for the development of methods of cargo handling on fast ice in Yamal
  • Order of Polar Star (Yakutia, 25 November 2002)
  • Order of St. Mashtots (Armenia, September 17, 2008) - in connection with the 17th anniversary of the independence of the Republic of Armenia
  • Commander of the Order of Bernardo O'Higgins (Chile, 2006)
  • Order of Friendship (South Ossetia), (June 19, 2009) - for his great contribution to strengthening friendship and cooperation between peoples, actively promote the development of democracy and parliamentarianism in the Republic of South Ossetia and to provide practical assistance to its citizens in the implementation of voting rights
  • Chevalier Legion of Honour (France, 2010)
  • Medal of Anania Shirakatsi (Armenia, October 31, 2000) - for his contribution to the strengthening and development of Armenian-Russian friendship
  • Order of St. Prince Daniil Moskovsky, 2nd class (Russian Orthodox Church, 2009) - in consideration of the works, for their active participation in the development of church life and in connection with the 70th anniversary of the birth
  • Medal "Symbol of Science" (2007)

Chilingarov is the author of more than 50 scientific publications. He was elected into all the State Dumas and served as Deputy Chairman of the Third State Duma.

References

  1. ^ Выборное правительство. Регионы распределены между министрами-единороссами (in Русский). Yarnovosti.com. Retrieved 19 November 2014. 
  2. ^ "Armenians of the World-Arthur Chilingarov" (in Հայերեն).  
  3. ^ "Artur Nikolayevich Chilingarov" (in Русский). Warheroes.ru. Retrieved 19 November 2014. 
  4. ^ "RUSSIAN VIP SOUTH POLE VISIT 2002". Newzeal.com. Retrieved 19 November 2014. 
  5. ^ "Patrushev lands at the South Pole during Antarctic expedition". Interfax.ru. Retrieved 19 November 2014. 
  6. ^ [2]
  7. ^ "'"Russia ahead in Arctic 'gold rush. BBC News. 2007-08-01. Archived from the original on 3 April 2010. Retrieved 2010-04-25. 
  8. ^ "Submarines to plumb deepest lake". ukpress.google.com/. 
  9. ^ Reuters (2008-07-29). "Russia sub's deep lake dive fails to set record". Reuters.com. Retrieved 2008-07-29. 
  10. ^ Президент России Указ «О награждении государственными наградами Российской Федерации» (in Русский). Kremlin.ru. Retrieved 19 November 2014. 
  11. ^ Чилингаров собрался в Арктику на дирижабле (in Русский). Fontanka.ru. 2009-08-21. Retrieved 2009-08-21. 
  12. ^ "Adoption Ban Passes Unanimously". Themoscowtimes.com. Retrieved 19 November 2014. 

External links

  • Biography of Chilingarov
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.