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Athens Metro

Athens Metro
Attiko Metro roundel
Black & White Train with green stripe
Athens Metro train (3rd generation stock)
Native name Μετρό Αθήνας
Owner Attiko Metro S.A.
Locale Greater Athens and East Attica
Transit type Rapid transit
Number of lines 3
Number of stations 61 (6 more under construction)
Daily ridership 1,353,000[1]
Annual ridership 493,800,000 (2013)
Website STASY S.A.
Began operation 1904 (1904)
Operator(s) Statheres Sygkoinonies S.A.
Number of vehicles 294 railcars
System length 25.6 km (15.9 mi) (Line 1)[2]
58.9 km (36.6 mi) (Lines 2 & 3)[1]
84.5 km (52.5 mi) (Total; includes 20.7 km (12.9 mi) of suburban rail[1])
Track gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) standard gauge
Top speed 80 km/h (50 mph)
System map including Proastiakos services

The Athens Metro (Greek: Μετρό Αθήνας, Metró Athínas) is a rapid-transit system in Greece which serves the Athens conurbation and parts of East Attica. It incorporates the former Athens-Piraeus Electric Railways (ISAP), which opened as a conventional steam railway in 1869, and which was electrified in 1904 and is now part of Line 1. Beginning in 1991, Attiko Metro constructed and extended Lines 2 and 3[3] and the Attiko Metro Operations Company (AMEL) operated these lines from 2000 to 2011.[4] The metro network merged in 2011 when the Greek government created the Urban Rail Transport Company (STASY), a subsidiary of the Athens Urban Transport Organization (OASA).


  • History 1
    • Athens-Piraeus Railway 1.1
    • 1990s projects 1.2
    • Consolidation 1.3
  • Infrastructure 2
    • Lines and stations 2.1
    • Rolling stock 2.2
    • Signalling 2.3
  • Ticketing & Card policy 3
    • Tickets 3.1
      • Integrated Tickets 3.1.1
      • Airport Tickets 3.1.2
    • Travel Cards 3.2
      • Monthly Cards 3.2.1
      • 3-months Cards 3.2.2
      • 6-months Cards 3.2.3
      • Annual Cards 3.2.4
  • Archaeological excavations and exhibits 4
  • Plans 5
    • Line 4 5.1
  • See also 6
  • Notes 7
  • References 8
  • External links 9


Athens-Piraeus Railway

Until 28 January 2000, Line 1 was the only rapid-transit line in Athens and Piraeus. The Athens and Piraeus Railway Company (SAP) opened the line on 27 February 1869 as a steam railway between Piraeus and Thiseio. It was electrified in 1904, and extended in stages to Kifisia in 1957.

From 1976 to 16 June 2011, the Athens-Piraeus Electric Railway Company (ISAP) operated Line 1 independently from the rest of the metro and tram networks.[5] Unlike Lines 2 and 3, it runs almost entirely above ground.

1990s projects

Since the current Line 1 opened the government has proposed many expansions to the subway network, including a 1963 plan for a fourteen-line subway network.[6] Construction of Lines 2 and 3 began in November 1992 to decrease traffic congestion and improve Athens' air quality by reducing its smog level.[3] Both lines were constructed underground. Lines 2 and 3, built by Attiko Metro and operated until 2011 by Attiko Metro Operations Company, are known respectively as the red and blue lines and were inaugurated in January 2000. Line 3 was extended to the Eleftherios Venizelos International Airport in summer 2004, and Line 2 was extended to Anthoupoli and Helliniko in 2013.


Until 17 June 2011,[5] the operational management of the Athens Metro network was similar to that of the London Underground network before the creation of the London Passenger Transport Board and the absorption of the Metropolitan Railway on 1 July 1933. The Greek government attempted to absorb ISAP into Attiko Metro under Law 2669/1998 so the latter would be responsible for the whole network,[7] but this initiative failed. Athens Metro operations were consolidated when the Greek government enacted Law 3920/2011,[8] replacing AMEL, ISAP and Athens Tram with Urban Rail Transport (STASY) (Greek: ΣΤΑΣΥ Α.Ε.), a subsidiary of OASA.[9]


Lines and stations

The modern incarnation of Line 1 is 25.6-kilometre (15.9 mi) long,[2] and serves 24 stations. Together, Lines 2 and 3 are 58.9-kilometre (36.6 mi) long (including 20.7 kilometres (12.9 mi) of suburban rail line from Doukissis Plakentias station to the Airport on Line 3), and serve 41 stations.[1][10]

Athens Metro lines
Line Map colour[I][11] First section
Elec. Latest section
Latest station opened Route Length (km, mi) Sta.
Green 27 February 1869 1904 10 August 1957 6 August 2004
PiraeusKifisia 25.6 km (15.9 mi)[2] 24
Red 28 January 2000 2000 26 July 2013 26 July 2013
AnthoupoliElliniko 17.9 km (11.1 mi) 20
Light Blue+ 28 January 2000 2000 14 December 2013 14 December 2013
(Agia Marina)
Agia MarinaDoukissis Plakentias/Airport 41 km (25.5 mi) 21
+ Dark blue on signage.
System map (2013)

The three-line Athens Metro network serves 61 stations. It owns and operates 57 of them, and OSE owns the remainder on the airport section. The network has four metro interchanges, enabling the lines to interchange with each other at least once. Each line also has at least one station connecting with the Proastiakos Suburban Railway and Athens Tram; however, Line 3 will not have a direct interchange with TrainOSE until the extension to Dimotiko Theatro opens.

Line 2 and the Attiko Metro portion of Line 3 is entirely underground. Line 1 is primarily in the open, with a tunnel section in central Athens. The airport section of Line 3, east of the tunnel portal near Doukissis Plakentias, is open. In the tunnel sections up and down lines share a common tunnel, except for approaches to stations with an island platform (such as Egaleo).

The network uses standard gauge electric trains which in most places run on 750 V DC third rail, but the section of Line 3 running to the airport requires trains which can use overhead lines of 25 kV AC, 50 Hz. Line 1 has historically had its own fleet, but nevertheless, there are rail connections between Lines 1 and 2 near Attiki and between Lines 2 and 3 near Syntagma. Train maintenance facilities are located at Attiki, Faliro, Irini, Piraeus and Thiseio for Line 1, and Doukissis Plakentias, Eleonas and Sepolia for Lines 2 and 3.

As of April 2008 the blue line (Line 3) was 16.4 km long,[13] not including the suburban railway line to the airport or (as of February 2008) 21.2 km of the line it shares with Proastiakos, the Athens suburban railway system. As of July 2008, the red line (Line 2) was 10.9 km,[13] bringing the overall length of the green, red and blue lines to approximately 74 km. The Athens Metro's three lines carry approximately 1,353,000 passengers daily.[1]

Rolling stock

The Athens Metro classifies rolling stock by "batch" for Line 1 and "generation" for Lines 2 and 3 because ISAP and AMEL used different classification systems for rolling stock before consolidation. Six types of rolling stock operate on the network, all equipped with third rail current collection systems; however, only seven second-generation trains have the necessary overhead line equipment to serve Line 3 from Doukissis Plakentias to Airport. Differing signalling systems prevent batch stock from running on Lines 2 and 3 and generation stock from running on Line 1.

The eighth batch (introduced in 1983) is the oldest rolling stock in passenger service, while the third generation (introduced in 2013) is the latest rolling stock in passenger service. The eighth- and tenth-batch stock is externally similar, but the former has split-flap headsigns in Johnston typeface and a cream-and-green interior colour scheme.

London Underground lines
Line Stock Image Introduced
8th-batch stock Square grey-and-red train pulling into a station 1983
10th-batch stock Same type of train passing evergreen trees 1993
11th-batch stock 2000
1st-generation stock Same type of train passing line of parked cars 2000
2nd-generation stock Subway train in station 2003 & 2004
3rd-generation stock 2014
  • First series (delivery): 28 six-car electric multiple units made by AlstomSiemensAdtranz (2000); maximum speed 80 km/h[14]
  • Second series (delivery): 21 six-car EMU made by Hanwha-Rotem-Mitsubishi (2004).[15] Seven of these trains can also operate on OSE lines with 25 kV AC −50 Hz overhead electrification system and are used for airport service. All second-series trains are air-conditioned. Maximum speed 80 km/h
  • Third series: Athens Metro ordered 17 additional trains.
  • Four service hybrid locomotives made by Kaelble-Gmeinder-Siemens. They can operate from a third-rail 750 V DC system or their own diesel generators. They have a B-B configuration, with a maximum power of 550 kW under diesel traction and 600 kW under electric traction.[16]
  • One road-rail Unimog
Batch Year Configuration Type Numbering Description
1st 2000 DT-M-MD+MD-M-DT DT A01-A56 56 EMU-3 "half-trains" operating as 28 EMU-6 trains. Made by Alsthom-Siemens-ADtranz. MD railcars have an auxiliary driving facility used only for shunting.
M B01-B56
MD C01-C56
2003–2004 D-T-M+M-T-D D D201-D228 28 EMU-3 "half-trains" operating as 14 EMU-6 trains. Made by Hanwha-Rotem-Mitsubishi.
T T201-T228
M M201-M228
2003–2004 D-T-M+M-T-D D D251-D264 14 EMU-3 "half-trains" operating as 7 EMU-6 trains. Made by Hanwha-Rotem-Mitsubishi, can also operate on 25 kV AC, 50 Hz lines.
T T251-T264
M M251-M264
3rd 2012–2013 D-T-M+M-T-D D D301-D334 A contract for 17 air conditioned EMU-6 trains was signed on 2009-09-16 with Hanwha-Rotem.[17] 34 EMU-3 "half-trains" entered service as 17 EMU-6 trains in June 2014.
T T301-T334
M M301-M334

Railcar codes: DM: driving motor car, DT: driving trailer, M: motor car, T: trailer, MD: motor car with auxiliary driving facility.


Line 1 uses two-aspect red/green home signals, yellow/green distant signals and a passenger information system (PIS). The current system replaced 1950s-era semaphore signals.

Lines 2 and 3 use the Alstom automatic train supervision system (ATS) and a passenger information system (PIS). Two-aspect red/white colour signals are used at points and junctions only.

Ticketing & Card policy


(Note: All Metro tickets have duration of 70')

1,20€ Integrated Ticket for all means
Reduced 0,60€ Integrated ticket for all means

As of September 2015, there are 2 types of tickets:[18]

Integrated Tickets

  • €1,20 Integrated ticket for all means (Metro, Tram, Bus and Suburban Railway) (except Airport lines and bus line X80)
    • €0,60 Reduced Integrated ticket for all means (except Airport lines and bus line X80)
  • €4,00 Daily ticket for all means (except Airport lines)
  • €10,00 5-days ticket for all means (except Airport lines and bus line X80)
  • €20,00 Tourist ticket for all means (includes 1 roundtrip from/to the Airport)

Airport Tickets

  • €5,00 Regular Airport Express Bus Ticket
    • €2,50 Reduced Airport Express Bus Ticket
  • €8,00 Regular Metro Airport Ticket
    • €4,00 Reduced Metro Airport Ticket
  • €14,00 Roundtrip Airport Metro ticket (to be used within 48 hours)
  • €14,00 Airport Metro ticket for 2 people
  • €20,00 Airport Metro ticket for 3 people
  • €6,00 Airport Metro Ticket from & to Pallini- Paiania-KantzaKoropi Stations

Travel Cards

As of September 2015 there are 4 types of Travel Cards:[19]

Monthly Cards

  • €30,00 Monthly Card for all means (except Airport lines and Bus line X88)
    • €15,00 Reduced Monthly Card for all means (except Airport lines and Bus line X88)
  • €45,00 Monthly Card for all means (except Bus line X88)
    • €23,00 Reduced Monthly Card for all means (except Bus line X88)

3-months Cards

  • €85,00 Monthly Card for all means (except Airport lines and Bus line X88)
    • €43,00 Reduced Monthly Card for all means (except Airport lines and Bus line X88)
  • €130,00 Monthly Card for all means (except Bus line X88)
    • €65,00 Reduced Monthly Card for all means (except Bus line X88)

6-months Cards

  • €165,00 Monthly Card for all means (except Airport lines and Bus line X88)
    • €83,00 Reduced Monthly Card for all means (except Airport lines and Bus line X88)
  • €230,00 Monthly Card for all means (except Bus line X88)
    • €115,00 Reduced Monthly Card for all means (except Bus line X88)

Annual Cards

  • €320,00 Monthly Card for all means (except Airport lines and Bus line X88)
    • €160,00 Reduced Monthly Card for all means (except Airport lines and Bus line X88)
  • €450,00 Monthly Card for all means (except Bus line X88)
    • €230,00 Reduced Monthly Card for all means (except Bus line X88)

Archaeological excavations and exhibits

Open indoor area with ticket windows, fare-collection machines and an escalator
Concourse level of Syntagma Metro station

During construction of the metro tunnels, artifacts of archaeological interest were discovered and rescue archaeology was employed. Teams of archaeologists worked ahead of, then with, engineers for six years, protecting and recording archaeological finds (streets, houses, cemeteries, sanctuaries, public workshops, foundry pits, kilns, aqueducts, wells, cisterns, drains and sewage tunnels). This afforded new insight into the city's ancient topography, through unprecedented infrastructure development combined with the study and preservation of archaeological data. Exhibitions of ancient artifacts or replicas are found at a number of metro stations, including Monastiraki and Syntagma.


Athens Metro planned lines
Line Map colour[I][11] First section
Latest section
Latest station opened Route Length (km, mi) No. of Stations
Orange 2022-2023 (Expected) N/A N/A Alsos Veikou - Goudi 11.9 km (7.4 mi) 14

Line 4

A 4th line is planned between Alsos Veikou and Goudi. It was announced that a call for bids for the construction of the Line will be issued in Autumn 2015. The construction is expected to start in early 2016 and the opening of the line between 2022 and 2023.

According to the Metro Development Study, two lines would be constructed as branches of existing lines: a Line 2 branch from Panepistimio to Alsos Veikou and a Line 3 branch from Panormou to Maroussi. Further study showed that construction of a separate line joining the branches is preferable.[20] The proposal also recommends lighter rolling stock than the type used in Lines 2 and 3, which would operate without a driver. The route for Line 4 is:

Subway-station platform, with train on one side
Agios Dimitrios station

  • Alsos Veikou
  • Galatsi
  • Kypseli
  • Dikastiria
  • Alexandras
  • Exarhia
  • Akadimia (with an underpass connection to existing Line 2 Panepistimio station)
  • Kolonaki
  • Evangelismos (existing Line 3 station)
  • Kaissariani
  • Ilissia
  • Zografou
  • Goudi

See also


I. ^ As of October 2012, none of the organisations behind the construction or operation of the Athens Metro specify the exact line colour values for web or print, but they agree on a general colour scheme for identifying lines.[11][21]


  1. ^ a b c d e
  2. ^ a b c
  3. ^ a b
  4. ^ Law 2669/1988, Government Gazette Issue A 283/1998-12-18, Part 7, paragraph 2.
  5. ^ a b
  6. ^
  7. ^
  8. ^ Law 3920, Government Gazette issue A-33, 3 March 2011.
  9. ^ Ministerial Decision 28737/2637, Government Gazette issue B-1454, 17 June 2011
  10. ^
  11. ^ a b c
  12. ^
  13. ^ a b
  14. ^
  15. ^
  16. ^
  17. ^ ATHENS METRO – Completion of the tender for the supply of 17 new trainsets for the Athens Metro (16/09/2009)
  18. ^
  19. ^
  20. ^
  21. ^

External links

  • Interactive Athens Metro Map on Google Maps
  • Urban Rail Transport Company (STASY S.A.)
  • Attiko Metro Company (Construction and Infrastructure)
  • Athens Urban Transport Organisation (OASA S.A.)
  • Hellenic Ministry of Public Works page on the Attiko Metro
  • UrbanRail.Net – Athens Metro
  • CityRailTransit – Athens railway map (real distance)
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