World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article
 

Aulus Hirtius

Aulus Hirtius (c. 90 – 43 BC) was one of the consuls of the Roman Republic and a writer on military subjects.

He was a legate of Julius Caesar's starting around 58 BC[1] and served as an envoy to Pompey in 50. It was reported that Hirtius dined with Caesar, Sallust, Oppius, Balbus and Sulpicus Rufus on the night after Caesar's famous crossing over the Rubicon river into Italy on 10 January.[2]

During the Roman Civil Wars he served in Spain; he might have been a tribune in 48, and in 47 was at Antioch. He was a praetor in 46 and governor of Transalpine Gaul in 45.

After Caesar's assassination in March 44, Hirtius was deeply involved in the maneuvering between parties. Having been nominated for that post by Caesar, Hirtius and Pansa became consuls in 43.[3]

Initially a supporter of Mark Antony, Hirtius was successfully lobbied by Cicero, who was a personal friend,[4] and switched his allegiance to the senatorial party. He then set out with an army to attack Antony who was besieging Mutina. In concert with Gaius Vibius Pansa Caetronianus and Octavian, Hirtius compelled Antony to retire but in the fighting was slain (around 25 April or 27 April). He was honored with a public funeral, along with Pansa who died a few days later.

Hirtius added an eighth book to Caesar's De Bello Gallico and is the likely author of De Bello Alexandrino. The ancients thought he also wrote the De Bello Africo and De Bello Hispaniensi, but it is now considered more likely that he acted as an editor. Hirtius' correspondence with Cicero was published in nine books, but has not survived.

Suetonius in Chapter 68 of his Life of Augustus[5] writes that Lucius Antonius, the brother of Mark Antony, accused the Emperor Augustus for having "given himself to Aulus Hirtius in Spain for three hundred thousand sesterces." This alleged homosexual liaison must have taken place in 46 BC during the civil wars when Julius Caesar took Augustus to Spain and Aulus Hirtius was serving there. At the time the future Emperor Augustus was 17 years old.

See also

  • De Fato, a dialogue by Cicero, where Hirtius is an interlocutor

References

  1. ^ Cicero. On the Orator: Book 3. On Fate. Stoic Paradoxes. Divisions of Oratory, pg. 189. Translated by H. Rackham. Loeb Classical Library 349. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1942.
  2. ^ Dando-Collins, Stephan (2002). The Epic Saga of Julius Caesars Tenth Legion and Rome. p. 67.  
  3. ^ Syme, Roman Revolution p. 95. Hirtius was already consul-designate for 43 on the Ides of March, therefore likely a nominee of Caesar's.
  4. ^ Cicero, De Fato I
  5. ^ Suetonius, Augustus 68, translated by John Carew Rolfe.

External links

  • Julius Caesar's War Commentaries
  • Suetonius: The Lives of the Twelve Caesars
Preceded by
Marcus Antonius and Gaius Julius Caesar and Publius Cornelius Dolabella (suffectus)
Consul of the Roman Republic together
with Gaius Vibius Pansa Caetronianus
43 BC
Succeeded by
Gaius Julius Caesar Octavianus and Quintus Pedius
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.