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Australian capital cities

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Australian capital cities

There are eight capital cities in Australia, all of which function at a sub-national level. Melbourne was the national capital from the Federation of Australia in 1901 until 1927, when the seat of national government was moved to the newly created city of Canberra which currently serves as the national capital.

In each capital city, local judicial, administrative and legislative duties are performed for the jurisdiction. In the case of state and territory capital cities, they also happen to be the most populous city in their respective jurisdiction. The Australian external territory of Norfolk Island also has an official capital, Kingston, however, this is just where the administrative centre of government is located; the de facto capital is Burnt Pine.[1]

State and Territory Capitals of Australia
Jurisdiction Capital City Population State/Territory Population[2] Date of statehood Capital since Image
Australia and
Australian Capital Territory
Canberra* 367,752 373,100 1911 1913
New South Wales Sydney 4,627,345 7,238,819 1788 1788
Victoria Melbourne 4,170,000 5,547,527 1851 1851
Queensland Brisbane 2,146,577 4,516,361 1859 1860
Western Australia Perth 1,832,114 2,296,411 1829 1829
South Australia Adelaide 1,262,940 1,644,642 1842 1856
Tasmania Hobart 211,656 507,626 1825 1826
Northern Territory Darwin 129,062 229,675 1911 1911

* While Canberra is the capital of Australia, it is not the capital of the ACT in any official sense; it is the principal settlement within the territory and can be considered analogous with the ACT.

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