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Australian federal election, 1919

Australian federal election, 1919

13 December 1919 (1919-12-13)

All 75 seats in the Australian House of Representatives
38 seats were needed for a majority in the House
19 (of the 36) seats in the Australian Senate
  First party Second party
 
Leader Billy Hughes Frank Tudor
Party Nationalist Labor
Leader since 14 November 1916 14 November 1916
Leader's seat Bendigo Yarra
Last election 53 seats 22 seats
Seats won 37 seats 26 seats
Seat change Decrease16 Increase4

Prime Minister before election

Billy Hughes
Nationalist

Resulting Prime Minister

Billy Hughes
Nationalist

Federal elections were held in Australia on 13 December 1919. All 75 seats in the House of Representatives, and 19 of the 36 seats in the Senate were up for election. The incumbent Nationalist Party of Australia led by Prime Minister of Australia Billy Hughes defeated the opposition Australian Labor Party led by Frank Tudor. The voting system had changed from first-past-the-post to preferential voting after the 1918 Swan by-election saw a split in the vote between Nationalist and Country Party candidates.

The election was held in conjunction with two referendum questions, neither of which was carried.

House of Reps (IRV) — 1919–22—Turnout 71.59% (Non-CV) — Informal 3.47%
  Party Votes % Swing Seats Change
  Nationalist Party of Australia 860,519 45.07 −9.15 37 −16
  Australian Labor Party 811,244 42.49 −1.45 25 +3 (2 elected
unopposed)
  Country Party (state-based) 176,884 9.26 * 11 +11
  Independent Nationalist 32,507 1.70 * 1 +1
  Independents 28,077 1.47 −0.37 1 +1
  Total 1,909,231     75
  Nationalist Party of Australia WIN 37 −16
  Australian Labor Party 26 +4
Independents: Michael Considine (Barrier, NSW)
Senate (P BV) — 1919–22—Turnout 71.33% (Non-CV) — Informal 8.61%
  Party Votes % Swing Seats Won Seats Held Change
  Nationalist Party of Australia 861,990 46.40 −8.97 18 35 +11
  Australian Labor Party 795,858 42.84 −0.89 1 1 −11
  Country Party 163,293 8.79 * 0 0 0
  Independent 28,077 1.51 * 0 0 0
  Other 8,605 0.46 0 0 0
  Total 1,857,823     19 36

Contents

  • Seats changing hands 1
  • Post-election pendulum 2
  • See also 3
  • Notes 4
  • References 5


Seats changing hands

Seat Pre-1919 Swing Post-1919
Party Member Margin Margin Member Party
Adelaide, SA   Labor Edwin Yates 100.0 50.8 0.8 Reginald Blundell Nationalist  
Angas, SA   Nationalist Paddy Glynn 0.8 1.5 0.7 Moses Gabb Labor  
Ballaarat, Vic   Labor Charles McGrath 100.0 50.0 0.0 Edwin Kerby Nationalist  
Barrier, NSW   Labor Michael Considine N/A 53.8 3.8 Michael Considine Independent  
Brisbane, Qld   Labor William Finlayson 0.0 1.0 1.0 Donald Charles Cameron Nationalist  
Calare, NSW   Nationalist Henry Pigott 1.8 4.1 2.3 Thomas Lavelle Labor  
Cowper, NSW   Nationalist John Thomson 100.0 71.6 21.6 Earle Page Farmers & Settlers  
Grampians, Vic   Nationalist Edmund Jowett 4.8 N/A 8.2 Edmund Jowett Victorian Farmers  
Gwydir, NSW   Nationalist William Webster 6.5 9.7 3.2 Lou Cunningham Labor  
Henty, Vic   Nationalist James Boyd 20.6 23.2 2.9 Frederick Francis Independent  
Hindmarsh, SA   Nationalist William Archibald 5.8 7.2 1.4 Norman Makin Labor  
Hume, NSW   Nationalist Franc Falkiner 1.9 9.4 7.5 Parker Moloney Labor  
Indi, Vic   Nationalist John Leckie 6.2 6.4 12.6 Robert Cook Victorian Farmers  
Kalgoorlie, WA   Nationalist Edward Heitmann 1.3 3.4 2.1 Hugh Mahon Labor  
Swan, WA   Labor Edwin Corboy 1.5 N/A 8.0 John Prowse Farmers & Settlers  
Werriwa, NSW   Nationalist John Lynch 2.8 3.8 1.0 Bert Lazzarini Labor  
Wimmera, Vic   Nationalist Sydney Sampson 100.0 59.5 9.5 Percy Stewart Victorian Farmers  
  • Members in italics did not contest their seat at this election.

Post-election pendulum


See also

Notes

References

  • University of WA election results in Australia since 1890
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