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Band Aid (band)

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Band Aid (band)

Band Aid
Origin London, England, United Kingdom
Genres Christmas
Years active 1984–2014

Band Aid is a charity supergroup featuring mainly British and Irish[1] musicians and recording artists.[2][3][4] It was founded in 1984 by Bob Geldof and Midge Ure to raise money for anti-poverty efforts in Ethiopia by releasing the song "Do They Know It's Christmas?" for the Christmas market that year. On 25 November 1984, the song was recorded at Sarm West Studios in Notting Hill, London, and was released in the UK four days later.[5][6] The single surpassed the hopes of the producers to become the Christmas number one on that release. Two subsequent re-recordings of the song to raise further money for charity also topped the charts. The original was produced by Midge Ure. The 12" version was mixed by Trevor Horn. In November 2014, a new version of the song was recorded by artists under the name of Band Aid 30.[7]

Background

The supergroup was formed by Bob Geldof; former lead singer of Irish Band The Boomtown Rats . The media of the BBC played a major role in capturing the poverty affecting Ethiopian citizens and therefore influencing Geldof to take action. Paula Yates, Bob Geldof’s partner, is considered to have been the brains behind the original Band Aid. And it was she who became the driving force that inspired (and helped) Geldof to rally the most famous pop stars of the Eighties to raise money for famine relief in Ethiopia.[8]

The group was composed of forty artists to raise awareness and funds for the Ethiopian famine in 1983-1985. The groups name stemmed from the idea that the musicians were providing aid to the less fortunate and suggested that their project was likened to putting a band-aid on a wound. Geldof was looking for support from all nations for Africa beginning in the United Kingdom. To do so, the artists recorded a hit single titled Do They Know It’s Christmas? depicting the poverty stricken African scenery of the time. Lyrics of the song included description of the country saying, “where nothing ever grows, no rain or rivers flow, do they know it’s Christmas time at all?” This song and its lyrics focus solely on the Western World’s Christmas Celebrations. Ethiopia follows the Orthodox calendar where Christmas is celebrated on the seventh of January.

Original Band Aid

Chronology (1984)

Geldof was so moved by the plight of starving children, in Ethiopia, that he decided to try to raise money using his contacts in New York on Concorde to record his solo part. (At the time, Culture Club was in the middle of a US tour.)

Feed The World logo designed by Markus Newman

The following morning, Geldof appeared on the Radio 1 breakfast show with Mike Read, to promote the record further and promise that every penny would go to the cause. This led to a stand-off with the British Government, who refused to waive the VAT on the sales of the single. Geldof made the headlines by publicly standing up to Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher and, sensing the strength of public feeling, the government backed down and donated the tax back to the charity.

The record was released on 3 December 1984,[11] and went straight to No. 1 in the UK singles chart, outselling all the other records in the chart put together. It became the fastest- selling single of all time in the UK, selling a million copies in the first week alone. It stayed at No. 1 for five weeks, selling over three million copies and becoming easily the biggest-selling single of all time in the UK, thus beating the seven-year record held by Mull of Kintyre. It has since been surpassed by Elton John's "Candle in the Wind 1997" (his tribute to Diana, Princess of Wales) but it is likely to keep selling in different versions for many years to come. In 1986 the original music video from "Do They Know It's Christmas?" received Band Aid a Grammy Award nomination for Best Music Video, Short Form.

After Live Aid, "Do They Know It's Christmas?" was re-released in late 1985 in a set that included a special-edition 'picture disc' version, modelled after the Live Aid logo with 'Band' in place of 'Live'. An added bonus, "One Year On" (a statement from Geldof and Ure on the telephone) was available as a b-side. "One Year On" can also be found in transcript form in a booklet which was included in the DVD set of Live Aid, the first disc of which features the BBC news report, as well as the Band Aid video.

Live Aid inspired a number of charity events, such as Media Aid that raised money for Save the Children.

1984 performers

Effectiveness

The hit single, "USA for Africa and Live Aid and were broadcast in over 165 countries across the globe. Band Aid and Live Aid combined raised about 150 million USD for the famine relief effort in Ethiopia.

The first hit was so popular that several of the artists got together again to do a cover version of the original song “Do They Know It’s Christmas?” These artists include Dido, Robbie Williams and Chris Martin. The group has now come together on a total of four occasions composed of popular British and Irish musicians.

Band Aid II

This version, released in 1989 was produced by British songwriting and production team formed of Mike Stock, Matt Aitken and Pete Waterman known as Stock Aitken Waterman. The only artists from the original Band Aid to be featured again on this version were Sara Dallin and Keren Woodward of Bananarama. This version topped the UK Singles Chart for three weeks, but ultimately achieved far less historical significance and status than its predecessor.

Production

On Friday 1 December 1989, Bob Geldof called Pete Waterman to ask if he would consider producing a new version of the song featuring the big stars from that time. Waterman immediately cancelled his wedding (planned for the same day) and began calling up the artists. With just two days' notice, on Sunday 3 December, recording took place at PWL Studios in South London. Present in the studio was Bob Geldof, wife Paula Yates and six-year-old daughter, Fifi Trixiebelle, who was eager to meet Jason Donovan.

Production continued through the Monday, and by Tuesday 5 December the song was broadcast for the first time on London's Capital Radio. Advance sales of the record reached 500,000. The song was released the following week on 11 December and spent three weeks at number one, becoming the 9th biggest selling song of the year, outselling Madonna's "Like a Prayer".

1989 performers

Band Aid 20

Band Aid 20 was the 2004 incarnation of the charity group Band Aid. The group, which included Bob Geldof and Midge Ure.

2004 performers

Band Aid 30

Band Aid 30 is the 2014 incarnation of the charity supergroup Band Aid. Announced by Bob Geldof and Midge Ure, the aim was to aid 2014 Ebola outbreak victims in Western Africa and preventing its spread. As in previous incarnations, the group covered the track "Do They Know It's Christmas?", written in 1984 by Geldof and Ure. The song was recorded by some of the biggest-selling current British and Irish pop acts, including One Direction, Sam Smith, Ed Sheeran, Emeli Sandé, Ellie Goulding and Rita Ora. Bastille and Take That also took part, along with Chris Martin (Coldplay) and Bono (U2)—the third time he has contributed to a Band Aid recording.[12]

Their version of the song debuted at the chart's summit during the week of its release, then dropped down a place in each of the following two weeks before dropping out of the Top 10 in its fourth week. It also received a polarized reception from many music critics due to its new lyrics directed towards Africa.

Also, for the first time, a German version was produced and reached the top position of the German single charts at the beginning of December 2014. The project is led by Geldof's close friend Campino, lead vocalist of the punkrock band Die Toten Hosen. A French version of the song is led by Carla Bruni.[13]

2014 performers

Musicians and instrumentation

Many of the people involved in the original Band Aid single appeared on the 1984 Christmas edition of Top of the Pops, along with Slade, The Thompson Twins, Bronski Beat, Frankie Goes to Hollywood and Jim Diamond to mime to the record. This was the only time the original Band Aid single was performed live on television. However Bono could not attend, which led to the spectacle of Paul Weller miming to Bono's line. According to the film made by The Tube on the days of the recording 24–25 November 1984, Bob Geldof says The Edge from U2 was to have played guitar on the track but was unable to as he was in hospital at the time with a kidney infection.

Related projects

The Band Aid project inspired other charity records around the world, including We Are the World by USA for Africa (in the United States), Cantaré Cantarás by Project Hermanos (in Latin America), Nackt im Wind by Band für Afrika (in Germany), Ethiopie by Chanteurs Sans Frontiere'(in France), Tears Are Not Enough by Northern Lights (in Canada), Show some Concern by The Concerned in Ireland, Sammen for Livet by Forente Artister (in Norway), Maksamme Velkaa by Apua-Orkesteri (in Finland), Chega de Mágoa by Nordeste Já (in Brazil), Za milion godina by YU Rock Misija (in Yugoslavia), Stars by Hear 'n Aid (international heavy metal artists), Afrika written by Nanna with various Danish artists, Volare by Musicaitalia per l'Etiopia in Italy and many others.

A compilation of computer games for the Commodore 64 and ZX Spectrum was published under the name Soft Aid. Each platform had its own selection of games from ten different publishers; Elite Systems, Ocean Software, Quicksilva, and Virgin were represented on both. The cassette also featured a recording of the "Do They Know It's Christmas?" single.[14][15]

Criticism and controversies

Claims of self-righteousness

In 1986, the anarchist band Chumbawamba released the album Pictures of Starving Children Sell Records, as well as an EP entitled "We Are the World", jointly recorded with US band A State of Mind, both of which were intended as anti-capitalist critiques of the Band Aid/Live Aid phenomenon. They argued that the record was primarily a cosmetic spectacle, designed to draw attention away from the real political causes of world hunger.

In a 1985 Time Out interview, Morrissey gave his views about the song:

'I'm not afraid to say that I think Band Aid was diabolical. Or to say that I think Bob Geldof is a nauseating character. Many people find that very unsettling, but I'll say it as loud as anyone wants me to. In the first instance the record itself was absolutely tuneless. One can have great concern for the people of Ethiopia, but it's another thing to inflict daily torture on the people of Great Britain. It was an awful record considering the mass of talent involved. And it wasn't done shyly it was the most self-righteous platform ever in the history of popular music.'[16]

View of Africa

At the time of the 2004 release, the World Development Movement described the lyrics as "patronising, false and out of date".[17] In 2014, musician, Fuse ODG, turned down a request to sing with the group during the 2014 ebola outbreak. He revealed that the lyrics of the song do not reflect what Africa truly is, citing lyrics such as "There is no peace and joy in west Africa this Christmas". According to him, he goes to Ghana yearly for the sole purpose of peace and joy, so singing such lyrics would be a blatant lie.[18][19][20][21]

See also

References

  1. ^
  2. ^ Sir Bob Geldof on tour ITV.com. Retrieved 15 September 2011
  3. ^ Looking Back At Live Aid, 25 Years Later MTV. Retrieved 15 December 2011
  4. ^ Bob Geldof The Guardian. Retrieved 15 September 2011
  5. ^ The 20th anniversary of Band Aid BBC. Retrieved 15 December 2011
  6. ^ Billboard 8 Dec 1984 Billboard. Retrieved 15 December 2011
  7. ^
  8. ^ http://www.telegraph.co.uk/women/womens-life/11235803/Band-Aid-30-Paula-Yates-the-woman-who-inspired-Bob-Geldof.html
  9. ^
  10. ^
  11. ^
  12. ^
  13. ^
  14. ^
  15. ^
  16. ^
  17. ^
  18. ^
  19. ^
  20. ^
  21. ^
  • Westley, Frances (October 1991). "Bob Geldof and Live Aid: The Affective Side of Global and Social Innovation." Human Relations, volume 44, number 10, pp. 1011–36. doi: 10.1177/001872679104401001

External links

  • Documentary: Making of Band Aid Part I
  • Documentary: Making of Band Aid Part II
  • Band Aid at WorldMusicDatabase
Preceded by
Flying Pickets – Only You
UK Christmas Number One single
1984
Succeeded by
Shakin' Stevens – Merry Christmas Everyone
Preceded by
Cliff Richard – Mistletoe and Wine
UK Christmas Number One single
1989
Succeeded by
Cliff Richard – Saviour's Day
Preceded by
Michael Andrews featuring Gary Jules – Mad World
UK Christmas Number One single
2004
Succeeded by
Shayne Ward – That's My Goal
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