World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article
 

Bartholomew Fair

Crowds throng the streets filled with rides and lined with gaily lit buildings.
Bartholomew Fair as illustrated in 1808

The Bartholomew Fair was one of London's pre-eminent summer Charter fairs. A charter for the fair was granted to Rahere by Henry I to fund the Priory of St Bartholomew; and from 1133 to 1855 it took place each year on 24 August within the precincts of the Priory at West Smithfield, outside Aldersgate of the City of London.[1] The fair continued, after the Dissolution within the Liberty of the parish of St Bartholomew-the-Great.

Advertisement for a puppetry booth at Bartholomew Fair, circa 1700

Whereas the fair was charted to be a three-day event, it would last a full two weeks in the 17th century; but in 1691, it was shortened to only four days.[1] With a change in the calendar, the fair commenced on 3 September from 1753.[2] A trading event for cloth and other goods as well as a pleasure fair, the event drew crowds from all classes of English society.[3][4]

It was customary for the Lord Mayor of London to open the fair on St Bartholomew's Eve. The Mayor would stop at Newgate Prison to accept a cup of sack (fortified white wine) from the governor.[1][2] The Merchant Taylors Guild processed to Cloth Fair to test the measures for cloth, using their standard silver yard, until 1854. The annual fair grew to become the chief cloth sale in the kingdom.[2]

By 1641, the fair had achieved international importance. It had outgrown the former location along Cloth Fair, and around the Priory graveyard to now cover four parishes: Christ Church, Great and Little St Bartholomew’s and St Sepulchre’s. The fair featured sideshows, prize-fighters, musicians, wire-walkers, acrobats, puppets, freaks and wild animals.[2]

The fair was suppressed in 1855 by the City authorities for encouraging debauchery and public disorder.[2][5] The Newgate Calendar had denounced the fair as a "school of vice which has initiated more youth into the habits of villainy than Newgate itself."[6]

The Bartholomew Fair of 1845 features as the primary location of The Wireless Theatre Company's "The Carnival Of Horrors", the second episode of "The Springheel Saga, Series Two: The Legend of Springheel'd Jack".[7]

References

  1. ^ a b c Chisholm 1911.
  2. ^ a b c d e City of London. "Smithfield Market". Archived from the original on 27 March 2009. Retrieved 2009-03-23. 
  3. ^  
  4. ^ Walford, Cornelius (1883). Fairs, Past and Present. pp. 164–244.  
  5. ^ Cavendish, Richard (2005). "London's Last Bartholomew Fair: September 3rd, 1855". History Today 55 (9): 52. 
  6. ^ Knapp, Andrew; Baldwin, William (1825). The Newgate Calendar 2. London: J. Robins & Co. p. 15.  Retrieved 30 July 2014.
  7. ^ "THE LEGEND OF SPRINGHEEL’D JACK, Series Two, Episode Two". Yes. Retrieved 11 March 2014. 
Attribution
  •  

External links

 

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.