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Bass (sound)

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Bass (sound)

Bass voice range.[1]

Bass ( ; Italian: basso, deep, low) describes tones of low frequency or range. In musical compositions, these are the lowest parts of the harmony.


  • Musical role 1
  • Kinds of bass harmony 2
  • Bass instruments 3
    • String bass 3.1
    • Bass wind instruments 3.2
      • Woodwind 3.2.1
      • Brass 3.2.2
  • See also 4
  • Sources 5

Musical role

Played in a [2]

Kinds of bass harmony

In classical music, different forms of bass are: basso concertante, or basso recitante; the bass voice of the chorus; the bass which accompanies the softer passages of a composition, as well as those passages which employ the whole power of the ensemble, generally played by the violoncellos in orchestral music; contrabass (“under bass”), is described as that part which is performed by the double basses; violoncellos often play the same line an octave higher, or a different melodic or rhythmic part which is not a bassline when double basses are used; basso ripieno; that bass which joins in the full passages of a composition, and, by its depth of tone and energy of stroke, affords a powerful contrast to the lighter and softer passages or movements.[3]

Bass instruments

String bass

Bass wind instruments



See also


  1. ^ Benward & Saker (2003). Music in Theory and Practice, Vol. I, p.168. ISBN 978-0-07-294262-0.
  2. ^ Cadwallader, Allen (1998). Analysis of Tonal Music: A Schenkerian Approach, p. 45. ISBN 0195102320.
  3. ^  
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