World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Battle of Scheveningen

Article Id: WHEBN0000197232
Reproduction Date:

Title: Battle of Scheveningen  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: First Anglo-Dutch War, Maarten Tromp, Battle of Portland, Witte Corneliszoon de With, Michiel de Ruyter
Collection: 1653 in Europe, Conflicts in 1653, Naval Battles of the First Anglo-Dutch War
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Battle of Scheveningen

Battle of Scheveningen
Part of First Anglo-Dutch War

The Battle of Scheveningen, 10 August 1653 by Jan Abrahamsz Beerstraaten, painted c. 1654, depicts the final battle of the First Anglo-Dutch War
(National Maritime Museum, London)
Date 31 July 1653
Location Scheveningen, Netherlands
Result English tactical victory
Dutch strategic victory
Belligerents
Commonwealth of England  United Provinces
Commanders and leaders
George Monck Maarten Tromp 
Strength
120 ships 100 ships under Tromp
27 ships under De With[1]
Casualties and losses
2 ships sunk,[2]
250 dead and 700 wounded
12-14 (Dutch claim)
- 30 (English claim)[2] ships captured or sunk,
2000 taken prisoner or dead[3]

The Battle of Scheveningen (also known as the Battle of Texel or the Battle of Ter Heijde) was the final naval battle of the First Anglo-Dutch War. It took place on 31 July 1653 (10 August Gregorian calendar) [1] between the fleets of the Commonwealth of England and the United Provinces, and had no clear victory.

Contents

  • Background 1
  • Battle 2
  • Aftermath 3
  • Notes 4
  • References 5

Background

After their victory at the

  • Lawrence, Richard Russell (2003), The mammoth book of eyewitness naval battles (illustrated, reprint ed.), Carroll & Graf, pp. 92–94,  
  • Plant, David (15 March 2010), The Battle of Scheveningen 1653, BCW Project, retrieved November 2013 
  • Rickard, J. (19 August 2009), Battle of Scheveningen, 31 July 1653, retrieved November 2013 

References

  1. ^ 3decks 2009.
  2. ^ a b c Plant 2010.
  3. ^ Bender, James C. (2003-2004) .Anglo-Dutch Wars and Naval Wargaming
  4. ^ Lawrence 2003, pp. 92-94.
  5. ^ Rickard 2009.
  1. ^ During this period in English history dates of events are usually recoded in the Julian calendar, while those the Netherlands are recorded in the Gregorian calendar. In this article dates are in the Julian calendar with the start of the year adjusted to 1 January (see Old Style and New Style dates).

Notes

The damage done to the Dutch fleet effectively ended the first war. The Dutch capitulated to several English demands.[5]

Both sides claimed a victory: the English because of their tactical superiority, the Dutch because the strategic goal of their attack, the lifting of the blockade, had been achieved. However, Tromp's death was a severe blow to the Dutch – few now expected to beat the English; the Orangist faction lost political influence and Grand Pensionary Johan de Witt was willing to give formal treaty assurances to Cromwell that the infant William III of Orange would never become stadtholder, thus turning the Netherlands into a base for a Stuart restoration. Peace negotiations began in earnest, leading to the 1654 Treaty of Westminster.

Aftermath

The winds were fierce on 30 July and overnight, giving both fleets pause. Around 7 in the morning of 31 July, the Dutch gained an advantage from the weather and attacked, led by the Brederode. The ensuing battle was ferocious, with both fleets moving through each other four times.[4] Tromp was killed early in the fight by a sharpshooter in the rigging of William Penn's ship. [2] His death was kept secret to keep up the morale of the Dutch, but by late afternoon, twelve of their ships had either been sunk or captured and many were too heavily damaged to continue the fight. In the end, morale broke and a large group of vessels under the command of merchant captains fled to the north. De With tried to halt their flight, but had to limit himself to covering the retreat to the island of Texel. However, the English fleet, also heavily damaged and with many wounded in urgent need of treatment, had to return to port to refit and were unable to maintain the blockade.

Battle

The Battle of Terheide, 10 August 1653: episode from the First Anglo-Dutch War (1652–54) by Willem van de Velde the Elder

, after Tromp had positioned himself by some brilliant manoeuvering to the north of the English fleet. Ter Heijde, right next to the small village of Scheveningen, the English sighted Tromp and pursued to the south, sinking two Dutch ships before dark, but allowing De With to slip out and rendezvous the next day with Tromp off 8 August's 27 ships were trapped by the English. On Witte de With, where Vice-Admiral Texel with a fleet of 100 ships to lift the blockade at the island of Brederode put to sea in the Maarten Tromp (3 August Gregorian calendar), Dutch Lieutenant-Admiral 24 July

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.