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Beijing South Railway Station

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Beijing South Railway Station

Beijingnan
北京南

Beijing South Station
Other names Beijing South
Location Yongdingmen Chezhan Lu, Fengtai District, Beijing
China
Coordinates
Operated by
Line(s)
Platforms 24 (11 island platforms, 2 side platforms)
Connections
Other information
Station code 1
History
Opened 1897 (1897)
Previous names Majiapu Station, Yongdingmen
Services
Preceding station   China Railway   Following station
Terminus Beijing–Shanghai High-Speed Railway
Beijing–Tianjin Intercity Railway
towards Tianjin
Terminus
Beijing–Shanghai Railway
towards Shanghai

Beijing South (Beijingnan) Railway Station (Chinese: 北京南站; pinyin: Běijīngnán Zhàn) is a large railway station (mainly serving high speed trains) in Fengtai District, Beijing, about 7.5 km (4.7 mi) south of central Beijing, between the 2nd and 3rd ring roads. The station in its present form opened on 1 August 2008 and replaced the old Beijing South station, originally known as Majiapu Railway Station, later renamed Yongdingmen Railway Station, which stood 500 metres away. The old station was in use from 1897 to 2006.[1]

The new Beijing South Railway Station is the city's largest station, and is the one of the largest in Asia. It joins the main Beijing Railway Station and the Beijing West Railway Station as one of three main passenger rail hubs in the Chinese capital.[2] It serves as the terminus for high-speed trains on the Beijing–Tianjin Intercity Rail and the Beijing-Shanghai High-Speed Railway, which can reach speeds up to 350 km/h (217 mph).[3] Some CRH night sleepers to and from Shanghai also depart from (or arrive at) this station.

The station integrates a Beijing Subway station, bus hubs (including an airport shuttle bus), and taxi stands, into the same building, and includes a wide variety of restaurants in the station itself.

Design and construction

The terminus occupies a 32 hectare site in Fengtai.[4]

The enormous oval-shaped station was designed by the British architecture firm of TFP Farrells in collaboration with the Tianjin Design Institute.[5] It was built from more than 60,000 tons of steel and 490,000 cubic meters of concrete by 4,000 workers in less than three years. The glass ceiling is outfitted with 3,246 solar panels to generate electricity. The structure spreads out like a ray or trilobite and covers 320,000 square meters, more than the Beijing National Stadium's 258,000 m2.[2] Its 24 platforms have the capacity to dispatch 30,000 passengers per hour or 241,920,000 a year.[6] The 251,000 m2 waiting area can accommodate 10,000 passengers.

On the elevated departures concourse, there are designated waiting areas and VIP lounges (with better seating and, in the lounges, free food and snacks) for passengers travelling in CRH Business Class, and a number of restaurants and corner shops. There are also a number of ticket counters (where nationwide ticketing services are available) and an increasing number of retail stores and fast food stalls. Ticket machines are available to holders of the PRC ID card and sell tickets for trains departing from this station. 23 sets of ticket gates despatch passengers onto trains.

The arrivals level is underground, with 8 arrival gates situated in the immediate vicinity of the Beijing Subway station concourse. To the sides are two taxi stands, and separated West and East parking lots for private cars (including a mezzanine level). Express entrances have been built, and are presently in use for all C trains to Tianjin, as well as some trains to Shanghai. Ticket machines and a few ticket counters are also available at the arrivals level. As with the departures level, a variety of restaurants and corner shops are also available at the arrivals level. Two floors below the arrivals level are the platforms for Lines 4 and 14, respectively, with Line 4 services available at present, and Line 14 services coming later in 2015.

Reconstruction began on 10 May 2006,[7] immediately after services ended at the old station. The station was complete for the 1 August 2008 reopening. In 2011 and 2012, new restaurants, fast food stalls, and corner shops were added. To cut queues, traditional counters at the arrival level were replaced with ticket machines.

Local transportation

The entire transportation system is integrated with the station itself.

Bus routes in bold have a terminus at the stop.

The current Line 14 services do not yet call at this station; they end at Xiju station.

Trains

As of 2012, Beijing South Station is the terminal for two CRH railway lines. The Beijing–Tianjin Intercity Railway has frequent service to Tianjin (C trains). The Beijing–Shanghai High-Speed Railway runs G and D trains to Ji'nan, Nanjing, and Shanghai, with several trains continuing to Hangzhou and Ningbo, and one (G55) to Fuzhou. This railway also has services to Qingdao (via the Jiao'ao–Jinan branch)[8] and Hefei (via the Bengbu–Hefei branch).[9][10] Since July 2013, travel time to Hangzhou has been cut by one hour for direct services that skip Shanghai.

Beijing South services the world's third fastest train (after the Shanghai Airport Express Train and some faster trains of the Shinkansen).

Gallery

Notes

  1. ^ People's Daily"Farewell, centenary Beijing South Railway Station", May 12, 2006
  2. ^ a b People's Daily Online"South station on track to impress" July 24, 2008
  3. ^ Hindustan TimesPatil, Reshma, "Aboard the Beijing Bullet, lessons for Delhi" Aug. 3, 2008
  4. ^ [1]
  5. ^ tfpfarrells.com"Beijng South Station" accessed Aug. 4, 2008
  6. ^ BuildingSpring, Martin "The best china: 10 of the most spectacular new Chinese buildings" July 4, 2008.
  7. ^
  8. ^ 北京南列车时刻表 (Beijing South trains schedule) (Chinese)
  9. ^ G263次列车开通 坐高铁去合肥仅需4小时
  10. ^ Hefei-Bengbu Passenger Special Railway Sells Tickets Today 2012-10-11

External links

  • Beijing South Railway Station Guide
  • Official site
  • Photos of the reconstruction 2007-2008
  • Beijing Train Time Table & Rail Transportation Guide
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