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Betula pumila

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Title: Betula pumila  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
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Subject: Cedar Bog, List of Canadian plants by family B, Manitoba, Birch, List of trees and shrubs by taxonomic family
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Betula pumila

Betula pumila
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Fagales
Family: Betulaceae
Genus: Betula
Subgenus: Chamaebetula
Species: B. pumila
Binomial name
Betula pumila

Betula pumila (Swamp or Bog Birch) is a deciduous shrub native to North America. It reaches 1-4 meters in height. Its reproductive structures are monoecious catkin similar to other birches. Bog Birch occurs over a vast area of northern North America, from Yukon in the west to New England in the east and all the way to Washington and Oregon, inhabiting swamps and riparian zones in the boreal forests.

Its twigs develop on spur shoots. Leaves are alternate but close together, especially on slow growing individuals. Leaves are coarsely dentate and rounded at the base.

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