World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Biological cybernetics

Article Id: WHEBN0000917825
Reproduction Date:

Title: Biological cybernetics  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Artificial neural network, Biomedical cybernetics, Biological neural network, Valentino Braitenberg, Pyotr Anokhin
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Biological cybernetics

Biocybernetics is the application of cybernetics to biological science, composed of biological disciplines that benefit from the application of cybernetics including neurology and multicellular systems. Biocybernetics plays a major role in systems biology, seeking to integrate different levels of information to understand how biological systems function.

Biocybernetics is an abstract science and is a fundamental part of theoretical biology, based upon the principles of systemics.

Terminology

Biocybernetics is a conjoined word from bio (Greek: βίο / life) and cybernetics (Greek: κυβερνητική / controlling-governing). Although the extended form of the word is biological cybernetics, the field is most commonly referred to as biocybernetics in scientific papers. Bioinformatics may also be properly referred to as bio informatics.

Early proponents of biocybernetics

Early proponents of biocybernetics include Ross Ashby, Hans Drischel, and Norbert Wiener among others. Popular papers published by each scientist are listed below.

Ross Ashby, "Introduction to Cybernetics", 1956 [1]
Hans Drischel, "Einführung in die Biokybernetik." 1972 [2]
Norbert Wiener, "Cybernetics or Control and Communication in the Animal and the Machine", 1948 [3]

Similar fields

Papers and research that delve into topics involving biocybernetics may be found under a multitude of similar names, including molecular cybernetics, neurocybernetics, and cellular cybernetics. Such fields involve disciplines that specify certain aspects of the study of the living organism (for example, neurocybernetics focuses on the study neurological models in organisms).

Categories

  • Biocybernetics - the study of an entire living organism
  • Neurocybernetics - cybernetics dealing with neurological models. (Psycho-Cybernetics was the title of a self-help book, and is not a scientific discipline)
  • Molecular cybernetics - cybernetics dealing with molecular systems (e.g. molecular biology cybernetics)
  • Cellular cybernetics - cybernetics dealing with cellular systems (e.g. information technology/cell phones or biological cells)
  • Evolutionary cybernetics - study of the evolution of informational systems (See also evolutionary programming, evolutionary algorithm)

See also

References

External links

  • Journal "Biological Cybernetics"
  • Scientific portal on biological cybernetics defunct?
  • UCLA Biocybernetics Laboratory
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.