World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Birks (Lake District)

Article Id: WHEBN0007755769
Reproduction Date:

Title: Birks (Lake District)  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: St Sunday Crag, Fairfield (Lake District), Birks, List of fells in the Lake District, Nuttalls
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Birks (Lake District)

Birks seen across Hag Beck from Arnison Crag, 1 km to the NE.
Elevation 622 m (2,041 ft)
Prominence 19 m (62 ft)
Parent peak St Sunday Crag
Listing Nuttall, Wainwright
Birks is located in Lake District
Location in Lake District, UK
Location Cumbria, England
Range Lake District, Eastern Fells
OS grid
Topo map OS Landranger 90 OS Explorer 5

Birks is a fell in the English Lake District situated two kilometres south west of the village of Patterdale in the Eastern Fells. The fells summit sits on a shoulder of the north east ridge of the higher and better known fell of St Sunday Crag, by which it is dominated, walkers often pass over the top of Birks either climbing or descending from the larger fell. The fell's name means a place where Birch trees predominate.


  • Topography 1
  • Geology 2
  • Ascents 3
  • Summit 4
  • References 5


Birks reaches a height of 622 metres (2041 feet) and is characterised by a grassy summit ridge which has precipitous craggy slopes to the north and west which fall away to the valley of Grisedale, its southern flank is steep and grassy and ends in the valley of Deepdale and to the north east the main ridge descends towards Patterdale over Black Crag and through Glenamara Park.

Birks is regarded by guide book writers as an unspectacular fell, it has 19 metres of prominence from St Sunday Crag and therefore qualifies as a Nuttall, while Alfred Wainwright gives the fell a separate chapter in his Pictorial Guide to the Lakeland Fells because "it is sufficiently well defined to deserve a separate name".


The principal rocks of the summit area are the pebbly sandstones of the Blind Cove Member. The flanks carry andesite sills and volcaniclastic sandstone.[1]


The fell is always climbed from the Patterdale valley, with no other starting point being viable. The ascent is a pleasant walk through the wooded Glenamara Park along a footpath which leaves Patterdale and follows Hag Beck and then a ruined dry stone wall to the summit. An alternative route goes via Thornhow End and finds a way through Black Crags at attain the top of the fell. Most walkers who climb Birks will continue on to St Sunday Crag which is a comfortable climb of about 240 metres with a few small dips on the ridge.


The highlight of the view from the summit is a good view of the lower reach of Ullswater.


  1. ^ British Geological Survey: 1:50,000 series maps, England & Wales Sheet 29: BGS (1999)
  • A Pictorial Guide to the Lakeland Fells, Eastern Fells, Alfred Wainwright ISBN 0-7112-2454-4
  • The Mountains of England and Wales, John and Anne Nuttall ISBN 1-85284-037-4
  • British Geological Survey: 1:50,000 series maps, England & Wales Sheet 29: BGS (1999)
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.