World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Bisati

Article Id: WHEBN0024424924
Reproduction Date:

Title: Bisati  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Bhatiara, Khumra, Muslim Kamboh (Uttar Pradesh), Chundrigar, Turk Jamat
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Bisati

Bisati
Total population
6,300[1]
Regions with significant populations
 India Pakistan
Languages
UrduHindi
Religion
Islam
Related ethnic groups
RamaiyaKhumraShaikh

The Bisati` are a Muslim community, found in North India .[2] Many members of this community migrated to Pakistan in 1947 and have settled in Karachi and Sindh.

History and origin

The Bisati -known as Shamsi biradri and Punjabi biradriare said to get their name from the word bisat', which means goods spread out for sale. They are a community of peddlars and traders. According to their traditions, they have emigrated from BEHRA now in Pakistan, during the period of Shahjahan rule. They are said to have initially settled in Punjab, and then moved different parts of India. They are now found mainly in Lucknow, Kanpur, Faizabad and other parts of Awadh, as well as the districts of Meerut and Saharanpur in the Doab, and in Gopalganj District of Bihar. The community have several sub-clans, known as biradaris, the most important being the Ansari, Hashmi, Khan, Kazi and Mirza. Technically, marriages are said to occur within the biradari, and all biradari members trace their descent from a common ancestor.[2]

Present circumstances

The Bisati have general merchandise business as their main source of income. Many are also vendors of goods such as bangles, buttons, cosmetics and undergarments. They consider themselves of Shaikh status.[3] In Uttar Pradesh, the Bisati are Sunni Muslim of the Barelvi sect, and speak Urdu, and various dialects of Hindi.[4]

The Bisati in Bihar are found throughout the state, with especial concentrations in Gopalganj district. They are also known as Ferriwala, Manihara, Tikulihara, and Pathera. Like the Uttar Pradesh Bisati, they are peddlars, selling hosiery and locally manufactured toys. They claim descent from Bu Ali Shah Qalandar, a Sufi saint, who is said to have come from Iraq. Like other South Asian communities, they are strictly endogamous, and practice both cross cousin and parallel cousin marriages. There are however cases of marriage with the Qassab, Ansari, Churihar and Chik communities. There are now divisions within the community, with successful Bisati running their own businesses. The community are also involved in the running of small industries such as dyeing and weaving. A good many Bisati are now farmers, with cattle rearing, and poultry are important subsidiary occupations. They speak Bhojpuri and most have knowledge of Urdu.[5]

Many members of this community migrated to Pakistan in 1947 and have settled in Karachi and Sindh.

The bisati in (Rajasthan) are found throughout the state, with especial concentration in Sikar District,Nagaur District, Jaipur,Jhunjhunu district, Bhilwara District. They are also known Sheikh,Saiyed,Qureshi,Pathan,mewati bisayati.

See also

References

  1. ^ http://www.joshuaproject.net/peoples.php
  2. ^ a b People of India Uttar Pradesh Volume XLII Part One edited by A Hasan & J C Das pages 336 to 339
  3. ^ People of India Uttar Pradesh Volume XLII Part One edited by A Hasan & J C Das page 339
  4. ^ People of India Uttar Pradesh Volume XLII Part One edited by A Hasan & J C Das page 339
  5. ^ People of India Bihar Volume XVI Part One edited by S Gopal & Hetukar Jha pages 202 to 204 Seagull Books
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.