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Black Scottish people


Black Scottish people (also referred to as the Black Scottish, and Black Scots) represent a small proportion (less than 1% according to the 2011 census, although rapidly rising) of the country's overall population, although the Black population of Scotland has a long history.[1]

Contents

  • History 1
  • Black people in Scotland 2
  • Notable examples 3
    • Entertainment 3.1
    • Sport 3.2
      • Association Football 3.2.1
      • Rugby union 3.2.2
      • Shinty 3.2.3
    • Miscellaneous 3.3
  • In fiction 4
  • See also 5
  • References 6

History

Scottish 'Tobacco Lords' played a leading role in the slave trade and by 1817 it was estimated that one third of all slaves in Jamaica were held by these Scots.[2] This role in slavery led to the first significant documented Black population in Scotland, as slave owners brought slaves back to serve as household servants. In some cases, slaves were freed through manumission.[3]

According to the 2011 UK Census people self described as African, Caribbean, Black or any other Black background make up around 1.0 per cent of Scotland's population, compared to 3.00 per cent of the overall UK population.[4][5]

Black people in Scotland

A report in 2000 suggested that Black people in Scotland do not affect a sense of Scottish identity. The same report also suggests that Black People in Scotland.[6] while there has also been predictable criticism that Black people are not well represented in Scottish society generally.[7]

Notable examples

Entertainment

Sport

Association Football

The British Guiana-born Andrew Watson is widely considered to be the world's first black association footballer to play at international level.[8][9][10] He was capped three times for Scotland between 1881 and 1882. Watson also played for Queen's Park, the leading Scottish club at the time, and later became their secretary. He led the team to several Scottish Cup wins, thus becoming the first black player to win a major competition.[10]

With some brief exceptions, such as Jamaican Gil Heron at Celtic, Walter Tull signing for Rangers, and John Walker at Hearts, Black players largely disappeared from Scottish football for the next 100 years until the arrival of Mark Walters at Rangers in 1988. Walters arrival at the club resulted in incidents of racial abuse.[11][12]

Subsequently a number of Black players have appeared for leading clubs, listed below. The Scotland national team did not call up a second Black player until Nigel Quashie, an English-born midfielder whose grandfather was from Scotland, made his debut against Estonia in May 2004.[13] Subsequently Coatbridge native Chris Iwelumo, who is half-Nigerian, has also played for Scotland. Other notable black players include:

Alongside these a number of other non-Scots have made an impact on the game in Scotland. These include:

Rugby union

Shinty

Miscellaneous

In fiction

See also

References

  1. ^ http://www.scotlandscensus.gov.uk/documents/censusresults/release2a/StatsBulletin2A.pdf
  2. ^ Scotland and the Abolition of the Slave Trade
  3. ^ Black Servants in Scotland
  4. ^ "Analysis of ethnicity in the 2001 Census – Summary report". The Scottish Government. 2004-02-09. Retrieved 2009-09-30. 
  5. ^ "Resident population by ethnic group, 2001". Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 2009-09-30. 
  6. ^ Who’s a Real Scot? The Report of Embracing Multicultural Scotland
  7. ^ Black Affronted{dead link]
  8. ^ "First Black footballer, Andrew Watson, inspired British soccer in 1870s". Black History Month. 
  9. ^ "Andrew Watson". 100 Great Black Britons. 
  10. ^ a b "Andrew Watson". Football Unites, Racism Divides. 
  11. ^ Sir Norman Chester Centre for Football Research (June 2002). "Black Footballers in Britain - The Late 1980s and After - A 'New Era'?".  
  12. ^ "Letters". The Guardian (London). 
  13. ^ "History calls on Quashie". BBC Sport. 2004-05-26. Retrieved 2007-08-12. 
  14. ^ a b c The player has appeared for the Scotland national football team
  15. ^ Meet the Demoman
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